Displaced Somalis attend a lesson in Southern Mogadishu
Somalia has suffered 20 years of conflict, with no effective central government since 1991. This has led to an appalling humanitarian situation and instability which impacts across the region. The UK is working with international partners and leading Security Council efforts to achieve a more peaceful and stable Somalia. This includes, support to the Transitional Federal Government and its efforts on political reconciliation under the Djibouti Peace Process, assistance to the African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia, AMISOM, and the provision of humanitarian and development assistance. The UK is also at the forefront of activities to address the problem of piracy.
The UK is committed to Somalia and the Somalia people over the long-term. On 2 February, the Foreign Secretary, William Hague, visited Mogadishu, the first British Foreign Minister to do so in 20 years. During the visit he appointed the first British Ambassador to Somalia for 21 years. The UK intends to open an embassy in Mogadishu, when security conditions permit.
On 23 February 2012 the British Government will host an international conference on Somalia in London, attended by more than 40 countries and international organisations, including the United Nations, African Union, European Union, World Bank, the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development, the Organisation of Islamic Conference, and the League of Arab States.
The conference will seek to generate an effective and concerted international approach outside Somalia that addresses the root causes of the conflict; and a new political process inside Somalia that meets the needs of all Somalis.
Discussions will focus on support to the political process, including assistance to Somalia’s regions, support for AMISOM, more effective arrangements to disrupt piracy and terrorism, the coordination of international assistance, and stronger international leadership.
For more info on the London Conference on Somalia please visit the Conference website
The Security Council continues to emphasise the importance of adequate humanitarian support to Somalia. Conflict, drought and limited access for aid agencies have led to a deeply concerning humanitarian situation, and the current humanitarian crisis, due to drought, has affected over 13 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. The UK is the third largest humanitarian donor to the current crisis. The UK’s £124.29 million package of support includes emergency assistance to 3 million people across the region, including:
The UK’s overall response to date is £124.29 million, of which £119.25 million is direct support and £5.044 million is the UK’s share of the UN’s Central Emergency Relief Fund (CERF) allocations to UN Horn of Africa appeals. Of this, £54 million is specifically to Somalia, providing relief assistance to over 1 million people – including food and nutritional support to 350,000.
The Security Council is supporting the work of Augustine P. Mahiga, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Somalia, the United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS) and the Transitional Federal Government to promote political reconciliation in Somalia in the framework of the Djibouti Peace Agreement, and encouraging the completion of the Roadmap – which sets out the key transitional tasks to be completed by the Somali Transitional Federal Government before the transitional period ends in August 2012.
The Security Council continues to work on the effective implementation of sanctions in Somalia and to address the actions of spoilers. A general and complete arms embargo has been in place in Somalia since 1992. In 2008 the Council authorised the imposition of targeted sanctions upon individuals and entities that are determined to be:
The full list of individuals currently subject to the measures is available here.
On 23 December 2009, the Security Council adopted UNSCR 1907 which established a new sanctions regime against Eritrea. This resolution calls upon Eritrea to fully comply with the Somalia arms embargo and cease all efforts to destabilize or overthrow the Transitional Federal Government directly, or indirectly.
An African Union Force (AMISOM) has been deployed in Somalia since 2007 (UNSCR 1744). Its work is supported by a UN logistics mission, established by UNSCR 1863. On 30 September 2011 the Security Council adopted UN Security Council Resolution 2010 renewing the legal authorisation for the deployment of AMISOM until 31 October 2012. On 22 February the Security Council adopted UN Security Council Resolution 2036 increasing AMISOM from 12,000 to 17,731 uniformed personnel and expanding UN support for the mission, making funding for AMISOM more predictable and sustainable. The UK is working to support the further deployment of troops so AMISOM can reach its full mandated strength.
The Foreign Secretary William Hague made a statement welcoming the enhanced support for the African Union Mission in Somalia.
On the 23 November 2010, the Security Council adopted UNSCR 1950, renewing its authorisation for States, in co-operation with the Transitional Federal Government, to "use all necessary means" to repress acts of armed robbery and piracy in Somalia.
The UK is at the forefront of activities to combat the problem of piracy off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden.
More information about the UK’s anti-piracy activities.