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Factsheet

Operations in Afghanistan: Chronology of Events

Coalition military activity is summarised below, with links to more extensive briefings where available.

Operations in Afghanistan

The UK is providing a number of British military and civilian personnel in support of NATO-led military operations in Afghanistan. The UK contribution, which began in October 2001 following the terrorist attacks on the United States, has helped to bring about the fall of the Taliban regime. This subsequently paved the way for the first ever parliamentary elections in Afghanistan which took place on 18 September 2005.

British Forces, under the command of the International Security Assistance Force and along with US and other allies from the international community, continue to work with the new, democratically-elected Afghan Government to build stability and maintain security across the country.

29 Nov 12 - As the Christmas post deadline of 3 December approaches for Armed Forces personnel serving overseas, servicemen and women are urging members of the public not to send unsolicited gifts and packages to operational theatres such as Afghanistan.

26 Nov 12 - RAF firefighters serving in Afghanistan have been training Afghans to take the lead for fire safety in Camp Shorabak, Helmand province.

A giant Christmas card carrying festive wishes for soldiers in Afghanistan will be available for people to sign at the Mansion House in York this week.

20 Nov 12 - The families of II (Army Cooperation) Squadron personnel gathered at RAF Marham to welcome their loved ones home from their recent deployment in Afghanistan.

18 Nov 12 - Soldiers, sailors and airmen serving at Camp Bastion in Helmand, southern Afghanistan, met 007 star Daniel Craig when he visited the base.

13 Nov 12 - Transition means a new role for stabilisation writes Ian Carr from Nad 'Ali (South).

12 Nov 12 - A newly acquired Honda motorbike, captured from Taliban insurgents by members of 1st Battalion The Rifles during their tour of Afghanistan last year, has gone on display at the Imperial War Museum in London.

The Commander of the Tonga Defence Services, Brigadier General Tau'aika 'Uta'atu, has visited the RAF Force Protection Wing at Camp Bastion in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

11 Nov 12 - Captain Walter Reid Barrie, 1st Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland, was shot in an 'insider attack' at Forward Operating Base Shawqat in the Nad 'Ali district of Helmand province, Aghanistan.

9 Nov 12 - Sorting out the stuff that is returned from patrol bases in Afghanistan is a salvager's dream writes Ian Carr from Camp Bastion's 'Warlike Scrap' yard.

7 Nov 12 - Royal Engineers from 21 Engineer Regiment have replaced an important bridge to assist the local population of Nahr-e Saraj, in Afghanistan's Helmand province.

Alan Lawson is a seasoned volunteer with MOD's civilian 'Support to Operations' programme. Here he talks to Shell Daruwala about his latest deployment as a Civil Secretary in Afghanistan.

6 Nov 12 - Hundreds of people lined the streets of Romford to welcome home the soldiers of 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment.

5 Nov 12 - With 50 days to go until Christmas the Ministry of Defence is urging the public to consider Service charities as an alternative way of showing their support, rather than sending unsolicited parcels to personnel serving abroad.

A father and son, both of whom are in the Royal Air Force serving in the Middle East on operations, had an unexpected reunion at Kabul International Airport recently.

4 Nov 12 - Overjoyed family and friends welcomed home 45 members of the Light Dragoons to Robertson Barracks in Norfolk as they returned from operations in Afghanistan.

3 Nov 12 - Soldiers from 3rd Battalion The Rifles, recently returned from Afghanistan, marched through Edinburgh after becoming the first English battalion to be granted the Freedom of the City.

2 Nov 12 - In the early hours of this morning 146 personnel from No 5 RAF Force Protection Wing returned home following a six-month tour of duty protecting Camp Bastion in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

The Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton, has presented Operational Service Medals to RAF police personnel on their return from Afghanistan at RAF Henlow.

A Scottish Regiment's soldiers newly-arrived in Afghanistan are already hard at work building relationships with their Afghan National Army counterparts in Helmand province.

1 Nov 12 - Soldiers from 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment have received their Afghanistan Operational Service Medals.

30 Oct 12 - Lieutenant Edward Drummond-Baxter and Lance Corporal Siddhanta Kunwar from 1st Battalion The Royal Gurkha Rifles were shot and killed at a checkpoint in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

The last group of soldiers from 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment has returned home from their deployment as part of 12th Mechanized Brigade on Operation HERRICK 16 in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

Two brothers, both originally from Zimbabwe and serving in the RAF, are providing crucial medical services in Afghanistan.

29 Oct 12 - The bravery of an Army Corporal has been recognised at the Daily Mirror's Pride of Britain Awards. Report by Leigh Hamilton.

25 Oct 12 - An Army sergeant who risked his own life to save two soldiers stranded in an enemy attack has been awarded a Mention in Despatches.

24 Oct 12 - Corporal David O'Connor, 40 Commando Royal Marines, and Corporal Channing Day, 3 Medical Regiment, died from injuries sustained whilst on patrol in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand Province.

A Ministry of Defence policeman is helping to pioneer a 'Crime Stoppers' style freephone facility which offers local Afghans the opportunity to report crime or injustice.

23 Oct 12 - Brigadier Doug Chalmers, having recently completed his six-month tour as Commander Task Force Helmand, gave a briefing to media in the MOD's Main Building.

19 Oct 12 - Army reservists are arriving in Afghanistan to begin a three-month deployment running the British field hospital at Camp Bastion.

Soldiers from C Squadron of the King's Royal Hussars have returned home from a demanding but successful deployment as part of 12th Mechanized Brigade in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

Flight Lieutenant Sttevei Atalla has been awarded the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the latest Operational Honours and Awards List for her work connecting the local Afghan population with the Afghan Government.

18 Oct 12 - A soldier who saved a colleague whilst under fire in Afghanistan has had his heroism recognised in the latest Operational Honours and Awards List.

17 Oct 12 - Lieutenant General Adrian Bradshaw, having recently completed his 12-month tour in Kabul as the Deputy Commander ISAF and UK National Component Commander, gave a briefing to media in the MOD's Main Building.

12 Oct 12 - Saffron Walden town square was bursting with pride as the community came together to welcome home around 300 soldiers from the Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Search Task Force.

A soldier who served in one of the most dangerous areas of Helmand province has been awarded a Mention in Despatches for immense courage in the face of repeated enemy fire and helping to save gravely-injured comrades.

The MOD has released the following statement on the arrest of seven Royal Marines on suspicion of murder.

11 Oct 12 - An Army officer who foiled a complex enemy ambush while on a joint patrol with the Afghan National Army has been awarded his second Mention in Despatches.

10 Oct 12 - Soldiers from 19th Regiment Royal Artillery returned to the UK following their deployment as part of 12th Mechanized Brigade to Helmand province, Afghanistan.

A ceremony has taken place in Kabul marking the start of construction of an Afghan National Army Officer Academy while, in Lashkar Gah, 4th Mechanized Brigade has officially taken command of Task Force Helmand.

9 Oct 12 - An Army engineer who risked his life to help the casualties after an Afghan minibus hit a roadside bomb, saving a child who lost a leg in the explosion, has been awarded the Queen's Commendation for Bravery.

5 Oct 12 - Half-soldier, half-police, wholly committed, Ian Carr writes from Camp Bastion about the work of the Royal Military Police.

An Army Major who threw himself into the line of fire to save the lives of his elite Army unit in Afghanistan has been awarded the Distinguished Service Order.

A soldier who led his men in a daring counter attack on an insurgent position that ultimately transformed the entire security situation in the area has been Mentioned in Despatches for his unflinching courage under enemy fire.

4 Oct 12 - An RAF Chinook helicopter captain has been honoured for his 'outstanding bravery and airmanship' evacuating battlefield casualties while under heavy fire during a mission in southern Afghanistan.

3 Oct 12 - A soldier who led a bayonet charge over 80 metres of open ground through enemy fire has been awarded the Military Cross.

2 Oct 12 - Squadron Leader Christopher Skaife has been awarded the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service for his role as the lead for Afghan National Police training in southern Afghanistan, resulting in the training up and graduation of 73 extra police officers.

1 Oct 12 - A soldier who had a lucky escape after being shot in the head as he ran to protect a wounded comrade in northern Helmand has been awarded a Military Cross.

29 Sep 12 - Soldiers from 8 Armoured Engineer Squadron, part of 26 Engineer Regiment, have returned to Perham Down after a six-month deployment to Afghanistan.

28 Sep 12 - A total of 106 members of the Armed Forces have received honours and awards in the Operational Honours List dated today.

27 Sep 12 - The National Army Museum in Chelsea hosted the latest Operational Honours and Awards ceremony (List Number 39), where 21 of the 106 servicemen and women being honoured were praised by the Adjutant General, Lieutenant General Gerald Berragan.

An Army teacher from Northern Ireland is currently plying his trade in the heat and dust of Afghanistan.

26 Sep 12 - From Camp Bastion in southern Afghanistan, MOD scientist Dr Peter Harvey explains the role of the Scientific Adviser. Ian Carr reports.

24 Sep 12 - Captain Carl Manley of the Royal Marines died at Bagram Air Force Base, in Afghanistan, from what are believed to be natural causes.

The outgoing Governor of Helmand province, Gulab Mangal, has thanked ISAF forces for their service and sacrifices in Afghanistan during his four years in office.

21 Sep 12 - Captain James Anthony Townley from the Corps of Royal Engineers died in Camp Bastion, Helmand province, southern Afghanistan, from wounds sustained whilst serving at Forward Operating Base Shawqat.

Sergeant Jonathan Eric Kups, from the Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, died at Camp Bastion, Helmand province, southern Afghanistan.

40 Commando Royal Marines officially completed the transfer of command of Combined Force Nahr-e Saraj (North) from the 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards.

19 Sep 12 - In an article published in the Daily Telegraph, the Commanding Officer of 3rd Battalion The Rifles and the Brigade Advisory Group in Afghanistan, Lieutenant Colonel Charlie Maconochie, argues that recent 'green on blue' attacks should not alter ISAF's course.

Members of No 5 RAF Force Protection Wing, working alongside the US Marine Corps, have spoken about quickly regaining control of Camp Bastion Airfield following an insurgent attack on Friday 14 September, killing 14 and capturing one of the enemy.

18 Sep 12 - Defence Secretary Philip Hammond addressed the House of Commons in response to reports that NATO's policy regarding ISAF and Afghan troops working together has changed.

17 Sep 12 - Soldiers from 1st Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland have departed their base to deploy to Afghanistan.

16 Sep 12 - With the Christmas countdown now underway, the MOD is reiterating its plea to the general public not to send unsolicited gifts and packages to members of the Armed Forces. Whilst undoubtedly well-intentioned, such generosity has a multitude of unintended consequences which can create disappointment and inconvenience by preventing messages from family and friends being delivered.

15 Sep 12 - Sergeant Gareth Thursby and Private Thomas Wroe, both of 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, were shot and fatally wounded by a rogue Afghan Local Policeman in Checkpoint Tora in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

14 Sep 12 - Lance Corporal Duane Groom, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, was killed in action when his vehicle struck an improvised explosive device in the Nahr-e Saraj District of Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

In a wide ranging interview published in today's Guardian, the Defence Secretary, Philip Hammond, restated why UK Forces are operating in Afghanistan and the tangible progress they are making.

Soldiers from the King's Royal Hussars explain to Ian Carr what's all in a day's work out on patrol.

Maintaining the safety, security and wellbeing of MOD civilian staff who deploy to conflict zones in support of front line operations is paramount.

13 Sep 12 - The Secretary of State for Defence, Philip Hammond, has paid a visit to Afghanistan where he received an update on operations on the ground as the UK prepares to reduce its force levels in the country by 500 troops.

12 Sep 12 - Over the next 18 months, tonnes of old bullets will be turned into 'brass' at Camp Bastion writes Ian Carr.

Members of the Royal Military Police have been working alongside the Afghan Police in Helmand province, southern Afghanistan, to create a more community-focused force.

Members of No 5 RAF Force Protection Wing based at Camp Bastion in Helmand province, Afghanistan, have become amongst the very first Service personnel in the region to operate Foxhound, the MOD's latest protected patrol vehicle.

9 Sep 12 - Sergeant Lee Paul Davidson, The Light Dragoons, deployed with a Police Advisory Team was on patrol with the Afghan Uniform Police when the Ridgback in which he was travelling struck an improvised explosive device and he was killed in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

Helmand province witnessed a true sporting spectacular as British military personnel joined the people of Lashkar Gah to host their own version of the Olympic Games.

7 Sep 12 - Guardsman Karl Whittle, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, died in Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham from gunshot wounds he sustained when his checkpoint was attacked by insurgents in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province on 14 August 2012.

Prince Harry, known as Captain Wales in the military, arrived at Camp Bastion in Helmand province to start an operational tour as an Apache helicopter pilot.

6 Sep 12 - After hanging up his police uniform three years ago, retired Newton Abbot policeman Lieutenant Colonel David Ward is back doing what he does best, but this time in the heat and dust of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

4 Sep 12 - Soldiers from Corunna Company, 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, returned to Warminster after a six-month deployment to Afghanistan.

A young medic from West Yorkshire is working with the 12th Mechanized Brigade Reconnaissance Force, an elite unit that operates in some of the most dangerous areas of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

3 Sep 12 - A specialist Navy team has clocked up six years fixing damage to all British military helicopters in Afghanistan.

An Army HR administrator and an Army Photographic Competition-winning reservist will help to report on the activities of 4th Mechanized Brigade in Helmand province when it deploys in October. Report by Shell Daruwala.

31 Aug 12 - The soldiers of B Squadron of the Queen's Royal Lancers will provide the potent Brigade Reconnaissance Force of 4th Mechanized Brigade during Op HERRICK 17. Report by Shell Daruwala.

30 Aug 12 - British soldiers from the King's Royal Hussars have been championing an Afghan Government programme aimed at improving animal welfare in Lashkar Gah.

650 men of 40 Commando Royal Marines have honed their skills with a final exercise on Salisbury Plain ahead of their deployment to Afghanistan with 4th Mechanized Brigade in October.

29 Aug 12 - Soldiers from the 12th Mechanized Brigade Reconnaissance Force have plunged deep into insurgent caves in the Upper Gereshk Valley of Afghanistan to locate and remove a large collection of weapons.

The dangerous and vital role of getting food, kit and supplies to 4th Mechanized Brigade's front line troops in Helmand during Op HERRICK 17 will be conducted by some very special soldiers. Shell Daruwala reports.

28 Aug 12 - Surveillance aircraft based at RAF Waddington have notched up a collective total of 20,000 flying hours protecting British and other ISAF forces in Afghanistan.

24 Aug 12 - Members of 4th Mechanized Brigade are finalising their training ahead of their deployment to Afghanistan this autumn as the UK's Task Force Helmand on Op HERRICK 17.

21 Aug 12 - An RAF team has uncovered a huge stash of drugs in a truck in Afghanistan using a Remotely Piloted Air System.

Personnel from the Royal Army Medical Corps have been mentoring Afghan soldiers to improve their trauma care and first aid skills.

20 Aug 12 - The second series of the Bafta-winning 'Our War' follows life on the front line in Afghanistan through remarkable films shot by the soldiers themselves.

17 Aug 12 - Guardsman Jamie Shadrake, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, died of gunshot wounds when his checkpoint was attacked by insurgents in the Nahr-e Saraj District of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

Two British Army reservists, both UK law enforcement officers in civilian life, have been helping to improve policing standards in southern Afghanistan.

The first Afghan Police community engagement event for youngsters and their families has attracted more than 200 children in an area once considered a stronghold of the insurgency in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

16 Aug 12 - Sappers from 26 Engineer Regiment have been taking part in the first ever ocean divers course to be taught in the Afghan desert.

11 Aug 12 - A squadron of cavalrymen have swapped their Challenger 2 tanks for Warthog armoured vehicles as they support the Afghan security forces in Helmand province.

10 Aug 12 - Lance Corporal Matthew David Smith, Corps of Royal Engineers, was part of a troop tasked to build a new checkpoint next to the Nahr-e Bughra canal in the Nad 'Ali district of Helmand province when he was hit by small arms fire. He received immediate first aid and was evacuated by helicopter but, despite all efforts to save him, he sadly died of his wounds.

9 Aug 12 - Lieutenant Andrew Robert Chesterman of the 3rd Battalion The Rifles, died as a result of wounds sustained by enemy action in the Nad 'Ali district of Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

The Ministry of Defence is investigating reports that forensic material belonging to Service personnel killed in action has been retained beyond the time it was required to be used as evidence in inquests and Royal Military Police Special Investigations Branch investigations.

7 Aug 12 - British soldiers from the Light Dragoons have discovered and destroyed a huge insurgent cache of bomb-making equipment in Helmand province, Afghanistan, saving military and civilian lives.

6 Aug 12 - Afghan soldiers and police, supported by British troops, have completed an operation to clear insurgents from the Lower Gereshk Valley, in the north of Nahr-e Saraj district.

2 Aug 12 - A Royal Navy bomb disposal expert has been officially commended for his outstanding work training the Afghan National Army to deal with deadly improvised explosive devices.

25 Jul 12 - In the year since British troops formally handed responsibility for security in Lashkar Gah to Afghan forces, the positive changes in the district are obvious, according to a former Stabilisation Advisor for the area.

24 Jul 12 - British soldiers based in Kabul have been working alongside the Afghan Uniform Police to deliver essential aid to some of the city's poorest inhabitants.

Gunners from 51 Squadron RAF Regiment have just completed a key operation alongside the United States Marine Corps to ensure the area around Camp Bastion in Helmand province is kept safe.

19 Jul 12 - The British Armed Forces have returned 843 artefacts from the British Museum to the Afghan capital, Kabul, almost 20 years after they were stolen and smuggled abroad.

David Cameron has travelled to Helmand province in Afghanistan to talk to troops and find out more about the transfer of security responsibility to Afghan forces.

17 Jul 12 - A British soldier serving in Afghanistan's Helmand province is teaching the next generation of Afghan military bomb disposal experts.

As daytime temperatures soar towards 50 degrees Celsius in the shade in Afghanistan the heat is on for the engineers who keep the fleet of helicopters in the air.

13 Jul 12 - A portable 'garage' facility which will support Army vehicle mechanics on the front line has been successfully trialled in Afghanistan.

11 Jul 12 - 4th Mechanized Brigade will replace 12th Mechanized Brigade in October 2012 as the lead formation of British troops in Helmand province.

The Commander of the Afghan Army's 3/215 Brigade, Brigadier General Sherin Shah, has visited members of 4th Mechanized Brigade ahead of their deployment to Afghanistan on Operation HERRICK 17 in September.

Task Force Helmand personnel are expanding their sphere of influence in the Upper Gereshk Valley. Report by Richard Long.

9 Jul 12 - Members of the Light Dragoons are swapping reconnaissance for police mentoring to bolster the path of transition in Helmand. Report by Richard Long.

6 Jul 12 - Afghan National Army warriors are taking the lead role in the battle against improvised explosive devices. Report by Richard Long.

4 Jul 12 - British Army crews and commanders are training with the new Foxhound vehicles at Camp Bastion before the platform heads outside the wire. Report by Richard Long.

1 Jul 12 - Warrant Officer Class 2 Leonard Perran Thomas of The Royal Corps of Signals, Guardsman Craig Andrew Roderick and Guardsman Apete Saunikalou Ratumaiyale Tuisovurua of 1st Battalion the Welsh Guards, were killed in an incident at Checkpoint Kamparack Pul in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province.

28 Jun 12 - A UK military team has helped an Afghan community in Helmand to rebuild a bridge destroyed by Taliban insurgents when they were driven out of the area.

25 Jun 12 - Personnel from Number 5 RAF Force Protection Wing, based at RAF Lossiemouth, have now been deployed at Camp Bastion for two months where they have responsibility for providing security at the main British base in Helmand province.

21 Jun 12 - Afghan warriors and British soldiers recently bridged a canal while under enemy fire as part of an operation to bring security to a troubled area of Helmand province.

19 Jun 12 - Afghan policemen accompanied by British troops recently cleared an insurgent hot spot to the east of Lashkar Gah in Helmand province.

Armed Forces personnel recently returned from Afghanistan paraded through Westminster and attended a reception at the Palace of Westminster.

Over 100 Service personnel from 904 Expeditionary Air Wing and their coalition partners based at Kandahar Airfield in Afghanistan donned pink T-shirts to run a 5km course for charity.

17 Jun 12 - The first of the British Army's new Foxhound vehicles arrived in Afghanistan.

Deployed dads across Afghanistan's Helmand province received a welcome morale-boost when they opened Father's Day cards from their sons and daughters back home.

15 Jun 12 - Corporal Alex Guy, 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment, was killed in Afghanistanwhilst leading his section forward to assist a group of Afghan soldiers who were pinned down by enemy fire in the Nad 'Ali district of Helmand province.

14 Jun 12 - Territorial Army soldier Lance Corporal Aiden Cooper is currently working with the Afghan Uniform Police to help nurture an efficient police force who can maintain the security of the country themselves.

13 Jun 12 - Lance Corporal James Ashworth, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, died as a result of enemy action while on patrol with the Reconnaissance Platoon of 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, in the Nahr-e-Saraj District of Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

British forces have been assisting Afghans in Nad 'Ali to repair local roads that are vital to local commerce, helping to build confidence in the Afghan Government and increase stability.

11 Jun 12 - Members of 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment ('The Vikings') have handed over control of Patrol Base Silab in Nad 'Ali to the Afghan security forces.

A Royal Gibraltar Regiment soldier is currently working with an advisory team in Helmand to provide lifesaving medical training to Afghan soldiers.

8 Jun 12 - Recently returned from Helmand, Brigadier Patrick Sanders says the years of effort and sacrifice are producing results.

7 Jun 12 - Royal Engineers who have been helping to build a more secure Afghanistan have received their richly deserved 'HERRICK' campaign medals at Chetwynd Barracks in Nottinghamshire.

3 Jun 12 - Private Gregg Thomas Stone, 3rd Battalion, The Yorkshire Regiment, was part of an operation to apprehend a group of insurgents who had abducted a member of the Afghan police. During this operation his unit came under fire and Private Stone was fatally wounded.

1 Jun 12 - Corporal Michael John Thacker, 1st Battalion The Royal Welsh, was part of the Fire Support Group manning Observation Post 'Tir' in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province, Afghanistan, when he was hit by small arms fire. He received immediate medical attention and was evacuated by helicopter, but sadly could not be saved despite the best efforts of medical staff.

29 May 12 - Working closely with Afghan security forces, soldiers of 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment have made a considerable discovery of insurgent narcotics and supplies in the Nad 'Ali district of Helmand province.

26 May 12 - Captain Stephen James Healey, 1st Battalion The Royal Welsh, was killed when his vehicle struck an improvised explosive device whilst conducting a vehicle patrol in the north of the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

24 May 12 - The international community will not abandon the Afghan people was the clear message sent from the NATO Chicago Summit this week, UK Foreign Secretary William Hague has said.

17 May 12 - An incinerator to dispose of unserviceable small arms ammunition has been delivered to Afghanistan ahead of schedule and well under budget.

16 May 12 - Lieutenant General Adrian Bradshaw, Deputy Commander of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, here reflects on recent visits to Helmand and eastern Afghanistan, and gains made by ISAF over the past year.

15 May 12 - A wounded Royal Navy medic who saved the lives of four colleagues after they were seriously injured in Afghanistan by a grenade attack in 2011 received a Military Cross from Prince Charles at Buckingham Palace.

13 May 12 - Nahr-e Saraj district in Helmand province, where British forces operate, has now entered the transition process whereby responsibility for security will be handed over to Afghan forces.

12 May 12 - Corporal Brent John Mccarthy, Royal Air Force and Lance Corporal Lee Thomas Davies, 1st Battalion Welsh Guards, serving as part of an advisory team were providing security for a meeting with local officials near Patrol Base Attal in the Lashkar Gah district of Helmand province, Afghanistan, when they were shot and killed by members of the Afghan Police Force.

8 May 12 - Members of the UK's Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Search Task Force in Helmand are stepping back from their front line role to develop the Afghan National Army's bomb disposal capability.

4 May 12 - Corporal Andrew Steven Roberts and Private Ratu Manasa Silibaravi, both of 23 Pioneer Regiment, The Royal Logistic Corps, were attached to 1st Battalion The Royal Welsh Battlegroup, serving as part of Combined Force Burma, when they were killed in an indirect fire attack on Forward Operating Base Ouellette, in the northern part of Nahr-e Saraj district, Afghanistan.

1 May 12 - A former Royal Artillery Gunner and veteran of Afghanistan has just returned from the country again after this time working there as a reporter.

30 Apr 12 - The Afghan National Army's first major operation this spring has resulted in the clearance of improvised explosive devices from a 25-square-kilometre area and the recovery of three weapons caches.

With the Welsh Guards' recent arrival in Helmand province to mentor and advise the Afghan National Police, a fund has been launched back home to support the troops and their families.

29 Apr 12 - 5th Battalion The Rifles handed over responsibility for security in Nahr-e Saraj (South) in Helmand province to 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment.

27 Apr 12 - Guardsman Michael Roland, 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards, was fatally wounded during an exchange of small arms fire whilst deployed with his Company on a three-day operation to disrupt insurgent activity in a contested area in the north of Nahr-e-Saraj District, Afghanistan.

26 Apr 12 - The way in which UK forces will achieve a reduction of 500 Service personnel in Afghanistan by the end of this year has been announced today by Defence Secretary Philip Hammond.

We remain on track to complete the transition process by the end of 2014, Foreign Secretary William Hague told Parliament today.

Three Sunderland brothers, currently serving in Afghanistan's Helmand province, have been reunited for a short time on the front line.

25 Apr 12 - Royal Engineers from 26 Engineer Regiment, working for Task Force Helmand, have completed a route upgrade for Bost Airfield, south of Lashkar Gah district centre.

24 Apr 12 - UK soldiers from the Brigade Advisory Group moved into position last week to support the start of the first major Afghan National Army offensive of the spring.

Afghan police have taken control of a newly-built checkpoint in Babaji, Helmand province.

23 Apr 12 - Afghan National Army and UK soldiers have seized a substantial amount of explosives and other bomb-making equipment in Afghanistan.

Grenadier Guards deployed to Afghanistan passed on their personal birthday congratulations to their Colonel-in-Chief, Her Majesty The Queen, this weekend.

A British soldier was recently saved from a Taliban bullet that hit his torso by one of his standard issue body armour plates.

20 Apr 12 - RAF Tornado GR4 jets from 617 'The Dambusters' Squadron have helped to defend US and Afghan forces from an insurgent attack after a marathon seven-hour flight.

19 Apr 12 - Around 200 soldiers from the Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Search Task Force gathered at Waterbeach Barracks to receive their Afghanistan campaign medals.

The UK will provide £70m a year to fund the Afghan National Security Forces after British combat operations end in Afghanistan in 2014, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond has announced.

18 Apr 12 - Sapper Connor Ray, 33 Engineer Regiment (Explosive Ordnance Disposal), died at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, from wounds sustained in the blast from an improvised explosive device in Nad 'Ali, Afghanistan, on Wednesday 11 April 2012.

Combat medics from 1 Medical Regiment have been presented with their Operational Service Medals after returning from a demanding tour in Afghanistan.

16 Apr 12 - Royal Anglian soldiers have completed reception, staging, onward movement and integration training after arriving in Afghanistan.

13 Apr 12 - A military human resources clerk who worked to bridge the gap between ISAF troops and Afghan women in Helmand has received her Afghanistan campaign medal.

12 Apr 12 - Royal Engineers who will help develop road networks and canal and irrigation systems in Afghanistan have finished their final training exercise.

11 Apr 12 - Two Army dog handlers have been providing security for British forces in Helmand for the past month by searching vehicles entering ISAF bases for weapons and explosives.

10 Apr 12 - 12 Mechanized Brigade has taken command of Task Force Helmand in Afghanistan, officially marking the start of Operation HERRICK 16.

8 Apr 12 - Corporal Jack Leslie Stanley, of the Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish), died in hospital in Birmingham on 8 April 2012 from wounds sustained in Afghanistan on 3 February 2012.

3 Apr 12 - With 50 per cent of the Afghan population living in areas of transition, it's all change. But what exactly is 'transition'? Report by Ian Carr.

29 Mar 12 - Progress towards greater security has moved apace in Nahr-e Saraj area of Helmand province thanks to the combined efforts of British and Afghan forces.

Britain and Afghanistan agreed to continue their defence relationship long beyond the end of combat operations in 2014.

27 Mar 12 - British troops in Nad 'Ali have helped Afghan forces take on more of the burden for security in the region, facilitating the process of transition.

26 Mar 12 - Sergeant Luke Taylor, of the Royal Marines, and Lance Corporal Michael Foley, of the Adjutant General's Corps (Staff & Personnel Support), serving as part of Task Force Helmand were shot and killed at the main entrance to Lashkar Gah Main Operating Base in Helmand Province by an Afghan National Army soldier.

23 Mar 12 - A total of 131 members of the Armed Forces have received honours and awards in the Operational Honours List of today's date.

Members of the Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force have received some of the highest awards for gallantry in today's Operational Honours and Awards List.

22 Mar 12 - UK forces have helped members of the Afghan Uniform Police hold a party for hundreds of people in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

21 Mar 12 - Captain Rupert William Michael Bowers, from 2nd Battalion The Mercian Regiment was working alongside an Afghan security forces patrol tasked with disrupting insurgent activity in the Mirmandab region of Nahr-e Saraj district, Helmand province, Afghanistan, when he was caught in the blast from an improvised explosive device and killed.

20 Mar 12 - Nearly 1,000 British soldiers joined a major operation planned and led by Afghan security forces to clear insurgents from a Taliban heartland.

19 Mar 12 - A dawn raid by British and Afghan troops in Helmand province has struck a blow at the insurgency in Afghanistan.

18 Mar 12 - 12(B) Squadron personnel were reunited with loved ones after a four-month deployment to Kandahar Airfield in Afghanistan.

14 Mar 12 - 'We will not give up on the mission in Afghanistan', Prime Minister Cameron said at a joint press conference with US President Obama.

12 Mar 12 - General Sir Peter Wall has said that despite the losses of the past week the commitment to the mission in Afghanistan is as strong as ever.

8 Mar 12 - Following the loss of six soldiers in Afghanistan this week, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond writes about why we are in Afghanistan and what is being achieved there.

Chief of the Defence Staff General Sir David Richards writes, following the loss of six soldiers in Afghanistan this week, that every person in uniform understands the importance of the mission with which they are charged.

British troops have run a course for female officers of the Afghan Uniform Police in improvised explosive device awareness.

7 Mar 12 - Afghans in Sangin want change, the outgoing Head of Helmand's Provincial Reconstruction Team, Michael O'Neill, here writes.

The commanding officer of a ground-holding battle group in Helmand province has praised the skills of his Territorial Army soldiers.

6 Mar 12 - Sergeant Nigel Coupe, 1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment, Corporal Jake Hartley, 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, Private Anthony Frampton, 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, Private Christopher Kershaw, 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, Private Daniel Wade, 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, and Private Daniel Wilford, 3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, were killed in Lashkar Gah Durai region in an operational area on the border of Helmand and Kandahar provinces after their armoured vehicle was struck by an explosion.

A talented Fijian chef is using all of his culinary skills to boost the morale of soldiers serving in Helmand province.

5 Mar 12 - The Tongan Prime Minister has been greeted with a Sipi Tau war challenge during a visit to Tongan troops working with the RAF in Helmand.

Afghan cricketers knocked the British military for six when they met recently for a two-day clash in the heart of Helmand province.

After more than 15 months in Afghanistan, 854 Naval Air Squadron has returned home to Royal Naval Air Station Culdrose in Cornwall.

1 Mar 12 - Welsh soldiers deployed to Afghanistan have celebrated St David's Day in the traditional way by munching their way through whole, raw leeks.

28 Feb 12 - A joint Afghan and British team recently launched a pre-dawn raid on a Taliban compound, seizing an anti-tank weapon which had been used to target a British base.

27 Feb 12 - Elite Afghan policemen from Helmand's Provincial Response Company, trained by British troops, have uncovered a huge stash of weapons and drugs in two separate operations in a 48-hour period.

A British soldier's body armour saved him from a Taliban gunshot during a fierce fire fight in Helmand province recently, enabling him to shrug off the impact and carry on with the mission.

20 Feb 12 - Soldiers from 5th Battalion The Rifles have joined Afghan security forces in an operation to clear a key insurgent 'safe haven' in Helmand province, Afghanistan.

British Army divers have conducted a night-time diving operation in the Helmand River in Afghanistan in order to help with the development of irrigation and agriculture in the region.

18 Feb 12 - RAF personnel conducted numerous missions across southern Afghanistan from 12 to 18 February 2012. Here follows an operational update.

17 Feb 12 - Nearly 300 members of the Afghan National Army have taken command of a new patrol base in Lashkar Gah district, Helmand province, built with the assistance of UK forces.

15 Feb 12 - A British soldier has twice narrowly avoided serious injury in Afghanistan after being shot at on two consecutive days by Taliban gunmen.

14 Feb 12 - British soldiers from 2nd Battalion The Rifles have helped Afghan security forces in an operation to clear insurgents from an area close to Gereshk in Nahr-e Saraj district, Helmand province.

13 Feb 12 - Senior Aircraftman Ryan Tomlin was killed by small arms fire whilst on a routine partnered patrol in the Nad 'Ali district of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

11 Feb 12 - RAF personnel conducted numerous missions across southern Afghanistan from 5 to 11 February 2012. Here follows an operational update.

10 Feb 12 - British troops have used a NATO-funded project to provide winter blankets for their Afghan police colleagues working in checkpoints across Helmand province where the night-time temperature drops below zero in January and February.

A British Army officer currently deployed to Helmand province to advise the Afghan National Army is helping a top Afghan General learn English to help him better communicate with his British colleagues.

9 Feb 12 - For the first time since 2006 year-on-year violence levels decreased across Afghanistan in 2011, Foreign Secretary William Hague said in the government's quarterly update on Afghanistan.

British soldiers have been helping to spread the influence of the Afghan Government in Helmand province by bringing its representatives together with local Afghan elders.

A ferocious two-day-long battle between the Taliban and British troops with their Afghan police partners has taken place following a dawn airborne raid to destroy insurgent improvised explosive devices.

7 Feb 12 - 12th Mechanized Brigade will replace 20th Armoured Brigade in April 2012 as the lead formation of British troops in Helmand province, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond has announced.

Nearly 1,000 British and Afghan soldiers have taken part in a major operation to increase security around a vital town in Helmand province.

Soldiers from 5th Battalion The Rifles have helped district community councillors and local elders from a village in Nahr-e Saraj (South) get together at a 'shura' or meeting.

6 Feb 12 - Members of the RAF Regiment have found and destroyed a large cache of Taliban IED-making equipment in an operation conducted alongside Afghan and US forces.

3 Feb 12 - There has been various media speculation that British troops face only one more summer of major combat operations in Afghanistan after reports of comments made by the US Defence Secretary and French President.

1 Feb 12 - Snipers from the RAF Regiment used their skills and training to protect an Afghan family caught up in an attack by insurgents in Helmand province.

The once common sight of children flying kites in an area of Helmand province has returned after the Taliban, who banned the sport, were driven out.

31 Jan 12 - Soldiers from 1st Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment and their Afghan police partners have taken on insurgents during high-tempo operations deep in Taliban territory.

30 Jan 12 - Soldiers from the Queen's Royal Hussars Battle Group and Afghan police joined forces recently to launch their first joint airborne operation in Helmand province.

28 Jan 12 - Prime Minister David Cameron and Afghan President Hamid Karzai met at Chequers, Mr Cameron's country residence, where they signed an enduring strategic partnership between the UK and Afghanistan.

British soldiers and their Afghan Army partners have discovered bomb-making equipment and ammunition after a local Afghan directed them to insurgent arms caches.

RAF personnel conducted numerous missions across southern Afghanistan. Here follows an operational update.

27 Jan 12 - Lance Corporal Gajbahadur Gurung, 1st Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment, was killed when his foot patrol to disrupt insurgent activity came under small arms fire in the Khar Nikah region of the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province in Afghanistan.

Taliban leader Mullah Omar's grip on the insurgency is loosening as coalition battlefield successes in southern Afghanistan help sow discord among the Taliban top ranks and weaken the organisation, a top US commander has said.

Teams of Defence Anaesthetists have won a top award for their work in Afghanistan.

26 Jan 12 - A spokesman for NATO-led forces said that 2011 had been a 'remarkably successful year' in the fight against insurgents in Afghanistan and in the development of the Afghan security forces.

Two soldiers with the British Army's Theatre Equipment Support Battalion have been sharing wrenches with some of the finest maintainers from the 2nd Marine Logistics Group (Forward) at Camp Leatherneck in Helmand province. Report by Sergeant Justin Shemanski.

24 Jan 12 - Signaller Ian Gerard Sartorius-Jones, 20th Armoured Brigade Headquarters and Signal Squadron (200), died at Forward Operating Base Khar Nikah in the Nahr-e Saraj district of Helmand province, Afghanistan.

Forces broadcaster Rachel Cochrane is making ready for her second tour in Afghanistan.

A Royal Auxiliary Air Force airman who set up life-saving medical centres for Afghan children caught up in the conflict has been described as an inspiration and his contribution to the local communities across Helmand as immeasurable.

19 Jan 12 - In his latest blog, Private Graham 'T' Thurston, a British soldier from 1st Battalion The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment, currently deployed to Afghanistan, gives an account of life in a checkpoint on the front line in Helmand province.

16 Jan 12 - NATO's senior civilian representative in Afghanistan, Ambassador Sir Simon Gass, gave a lecture at the Royal United Services Institute on the challenges ahead as Afghanistan prepares to take on responsibility for its own security by 2015.

13 Jan 12 - British soldiers and Afghan National Army warriors have helped a crucial school open its doors for the first time in Helmand province.

12 Jan 12 - Hundreds of Afghan schoolchildren met RAF personnel at an Open Day held by the Afghan Air Force at Kandahar Airfield.

10 Jan 12 - Soldiers from 1st Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment have been undertaking regular patrols in the Nahr-e Saraj area of Helmand province to improve security for the local population.

9 Jan 12 - The Afghan National Army's newly-formed Counter-Improvised Explosive Device Team recently demonstrated their proficiency in front of the ANA's 3/215 Brigade Commander, General Sherin Shah, and Task Force Helmand Commander, Brigadier Patrick Sanders.

Analysts in Helmand are helping commanders see through the fog of war. Tristan Kelly reports.

7 Jan 12 - RAF, Royal Navy and Army Air Corps personnel conducted numerous missions across southern Afghanistan from 1 to 7 January 2012. Here follows an operational update.

6 Jan 12 - Members of the Royal Gibraltar Regiment are currently augmenting other units in Afghanistan and playing an important part in operations while other soldiers from the regiment have recently been training for potential deployments.

As Nad 'Ali looks to a brighter future, Tristan Kelly reports from the former Taliban stronghold.

5 Jan 12 - A senior Taliban commander has been killed by an Apache helicopter strike during an operation conducted by British and Afghan soldiers to disrupt activity in an insurgent 'safe haven' in Helmand province.

Two Royal Engineers who helped deliver over 100 reconstruction projects during their deployment to Helmand recently returned from operations to spend their first Christmas as dads.

4 Jan 12 - Giant sacks, specially designed to transport fuel by air to the front line, have been delivered to troops in Afghanistan.

3 Jan 12 - A Ministry of Defence scientist has been awarded an OBE in Her Majesty The Queen's New Year's Honours List, in recognition of his world-leading armour protection work.

2 Jan 12 - Rifleman Sachin Limbu, 1st Battalion The Royal Gurkha Rifles, died at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, of wounds sustained in Afghanistan in June 2010.

1 Jan 12 - British soldiers serving in Afghanistan have seen in the New Year by undertaking marathons at their bases to raise money for charity.

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