Local authority transport glossary
|Publisher:||Department for Transport|
|Published date:||1 August 2011|
|Mode/topic:||Roads, Local authorities|
Local Transport Plan
The Local Transport Plan (LTP) is a 5-Year strategy for the development of local, integrated transport, supported by a programme of transport improvements. The LTP also forms a bid to Government for funding of the improvements. It is the main source of capital funding for the programme. The LTP sets out a series of targets to allow each authority to monitor the effect of their strategy
Annual Performance Report
Annual reports produced by Transport Authorities and submitted to DfT, which sets out the progress made in delivering their LTP strategy and how far they have gone in achieving their targets
Major Schemes are those local transport schemes that cost more than £5m (except exceptional cases, see below). Those that cost less than £5m are normally funded through the integrated transport (IT) block.
These major schemes are primarily for key new local roads (e.g. village or town bypasses) and public transport projects (e.g. interchanges or improvements to bus routes). They also include some complex and innovative integrated transport schemes.
The department will consider providing support for other transport schemes costing less than £5m where they meet certain specific criteria. (see Full guidance on LTPs)
Integrated Transport Block
In December of each year, the capital expenditure settlement is issued in two block allocations – a Maintenance Block and an Integrated Transport Block. The former basically provides for planned spending under the LTP theme of Planning and Managing the Highway Network, whilst the latter provides for planned spending under the remaining four themes of Integration, Widening Travel Choice, Traffic Management and Demand Restraint and Attitudes.
In the 2004 Pre-Budget Report, the Government launched a consultation on proposals to establish regional funding allocation regional transport, housing and economic development. This included establishing regional transport funding allocations for the first time and providing guidance on long term planning assumptions for regional transport, housing and economic development beyond the spending review period.
Government Office for the regions
Government Offices’ have responsibility for delivering policy in the regions, and their multi-Departmental constitution, makes them ideally placed to implement crosscutting initiatives, and to advise Departments on successful implementation strategies at regional and local level.
DfT, together with CLWGAP and other government departments, has identified six core accessibility indicators, based on total journey time to jobs and services, which will be calculated centrally for all LTP authorities. DfT has also developed a composite indicator, which combines the core indicators, to help authorities prioritise and target action. This will also be calculated centrally, and made freely available to authorities.
The ability of people to reach the jobs and key services they need, either by travelling to those services or by the services being available where they are.
Accessibility Planning provides the framework for authorities and their partners to work together to improve accessibility.
Regional Spatial Strategies
The Regional Spatial Strategy is a statutory development plan document which incorporates the Regional Transport Strategy, and provides a spatial planning framework for the preparation of Local Development Documents, Local Transport Plans, and regional and sub regional strategies. The Regional Spatial Strategy provides a development strategy for its specific region for the next 15-20 years ahead.
Transport for London
Transport for London (TfL) is responsible for the capital’s transport system. Its role is to implement the Mayor’s Transport Strategy for London and manage the transport services across the capital for which the Mayor has responsibility. TfL manages London’s buses, the Underground, the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) and London Trams. It runs London River Services, Victoria Coach Station and London’s Transport Museum and also manages a 580km network of main roads, all of London’s 4,600 traffic lights and regulates taxi’s and the private hire trade.
London Underground Limited
London Underground Limited (LUL) is a subsidiary of Transport for London and is responsible for the Underground. LUL transferred from the Government to the Mayor and TfL on 15 July 2003.
Public Private Partnership
A public private partnership (PPP) involves the public and private sectors working together in a long-term partnership for mutual benefit. On the Underground two private sector consortia, Metronet and Tube Lines, have entered into 30 year contracts to maintain and upgrade the Tube’s infrastructure.
Infrastructure Company (Infraco). One of the private sector consortia responsibly for the maintenance and enhancement of the Underground.
The infraco responsible for the Circle, District, Hammersmith and City, Metropolitan, East London, Bakerloo, Central, Waterloo and City and Victoria Lines. It consists of Bombardier Transportation, Atkins, Balfour Beatty, EDF Energy and RWE Thames Water.
The infraco responsible for the Jubilee, Northern and Piccadilly lines. It consists of Amey and Bechtel.