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Number 10 Downing Street

The official site of the British Prime Minister's Office

Prime Ministers in History

Winston Churchill gives the 'V' for victory sign outside Number 10 Photo: Imperial War Museum

To the present day 52 men and one woman have passed through the doors of Number 10 Downing Street as British Prime Minister.

During this time an extraordinary range of characters have been handed the keys to one of the most famous front doors in the world.

In this section we take a detailed look at all the prime ministers who have been successful or infamous, short-lived failures or history makers.

We concentrate on their upbringing, careers, family life and eventual demise. Also included are the memorable quotations or quirky facts for which they will be remembered.

The PMs are listed in chronological order of the date they first took office. There have also been a few periods, mostly just hours or days, where there was no-one officially in charge of the country. We explain these times under The Missing Days.

You can read David Cameron’s biography in The Coalition section.

Make sure you see our other fascinating history sections

18th Century Prime Ministers, period of office and political party

19th Century Prime Ministers, period of office and political party

20th Century Prime Ministers, period of office and political party

21st Century Prime Ministers, period of office and political party

Extra information