Where can I find information on the UK's history?
Britain is an island nation made up of three smaller countries- England, Scotland and Wales, along with the Northern part of neighbouring Ireland. Britain's population has always been a mix of peoples from different places.
Britain has not been invaded since the Normans came from France in 1066, but it was invaded many times before that. The invaders included Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings. The Romans first came in 55 BC and Britain was part of the Roman Empire for almost 400 years, nearly twice as long as the United States has been a nation.
Liberty has been important in Britain since the English King John was forced to sign Magna Carta (Latin for Great Charter) in 1215. Magna Carta said that even the king had to obey the law. And in 1783 Britain gave birth to the United States, whose laws, government and many other institutions were based on those of Britain.
Information on Britain’s history, including that of British Prime Ministers, is also available on the 10 Downing Street website.
An outline of the history of the British Monarchy may be found on the official Royal website.