This set of suggested activities is designed to support the six-week Letters and Sounds programme, which build children’s skills in, and understanding of, reading, writing and speaking. Read about the skills children develop under each of the following teaching focuses.

Teaching letters

Find out how you can help children say a discrete phoneme, recognise it and write the letter that represents it.

Practising letter recognition and recall

These activities can be used as soon as children have learned the letters ‘s’, ‘a’, and ‘t’. They are designed to develop a fast recognition of letters for reading, and recall for spelling.

Practising oral blending and segmentation

These activities develop the blending and segmentation (sound-talk) skills that were introduced in phase one.

Teaching and practising blending VC and CVC words

These activities can help you to teach and practise vowel-consonant (VC), and consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words, for reading, using letter recognition and oral blending.

Segmenting VC and CVC words

These activities can help you to teach and practise VC and CVC words for spelling, using oral segmentation and letter recall. 

Teaching irregular and high-frequency words

These activities can help you to teach the 26 high-frequency, decodable words, as well as words that contain irregular (tricky) sounds.

Introducing two-syllable words

See how you can help children develop their reading skills by identifying syllables through segmenting (using sound-talk) and blending.

Reading and writing captions

These activities help children to recognise and write words that are grouped in short sentences.