Use rounding to make estimates; round numbers to the nearest whole number or to one or two decimal places

Examples of what pupils should know and be able to do

Probing questions

  • Talk me through how you would use rounding to estimate the answer to this calculation.
  • What influenced your decision about how to round?
  • Why do we round to make estimates?

What if pupils find this a barrier?

Encourage pupils to 'read' the calculation and consider the most helpful ways to estimate so as to make the mental calculation easier.

You may need to refer back to Step 6 to make sure that pupils are confident with rounding.

Practise in different real-life situations so that pupils are encouraged to use common sense as well as rules of rounding.