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Pupil Z has carried out a classroom experiment and related her observations of this to real-life contexts.

AF1: Thinking scientifically

Pupil Z has begun, with guidance, to relate observations of ice melting to the particle model used to explain them.

AF2: Understanding the applications and implications of science

Pupil Z's contribution to the discussion of future flooding threats shows that she recognises the important issue of the survival of polar bears and how it links to scientific ideas.

AF4: Using investigative approaches

Pupil Z has made and recorded some direct and valid observations of ice cubes melting.

AF5: Working critically with evidence

Pupil Z has linked an observation to a model that provides an explanation (her reference during the discussion to the ice particles not changing much when the ice melts).