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# Step 1

Recognise unit fractions such as $\frac{1}{2}$, $\frac{1}{3}$, $\frac{1}{4}$, $\frac{1}{5}$, $\frac{1}{10}$ … and use them to find fractions of shapes and numbers

### Probing questions

• What numbers are easy to find a third/quarter/fifth/tenth of? Why?
• If I cut a cake into four pieces will each piece be a quarter?

### What if pupils find this a barrier?

Use a counting stick to discuss halves and tenths. Some pupils think if there are two parts each must be a half – emphasise that the parts need to be equal.

Mathematics ITP: Fractions (SWF-18 KB) Attachments can provide a useful visual image for pupils.