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11/07/2011
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A - Z & Glossary

Terms for 'P'

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  • Parent governor

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    Parents, including carers, of registered pupils at a school are eligible to stand for election by other parents or carers at the school.

  • Parenting contract

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    A formal agreement between parent and school or parent and local authority in which each side sets out the steps they will take to secure an improvement in the child’s attendance and behaviour.

    Also see  Parenting Order

  • Parenting Order

    A court order that requires parents to attend parenting education or support classes and do whatever the court says is necessary to improve their child’s behaviour and attendance at school.

    Also see  Parenting contract

  • Peer mentoring

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    The provision of support and guidance by members of an organisation that are similar in age and status to those whom they seek to help. In schools, this takes the form of older pupils providing support to younger pupils.

    Also see  Mentoring

  • Permanent exclusion

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    The permanent removal of a child from a school. 

  • Personalised learning

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    The tailoring of education to ensure every pupil reaches their potential. 

    Also see  Inclusion

  • PFI projects

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    Private finance initiative projects. These involve local authorities buying services from the private sector such as school buildings and facilities, or specific services including heating systems, ICT or catering equipment.

  • PGCE

    Post-graduate certificate in education: A postgraduate-level initial teacher training qualification.

  • Phonics

    A system for teaching reading and spelling that stresses the sounds made by different letters and letter combinations.

    Also see  Synthetic phonics

  • PISA

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    The Programme for International Student Assessment: A worldwide evaluation of how far students near the end of compulsory education are from acquiring the knowledge and skills needed to participate in society.

  • Playing for Success

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    An initiative based around establishing out-of-school-hours study support centres at football clubs and other sports grounds. The centres use the environment and medium of sport as motivational tools.

  • Power to Innovate

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    The Power to Innovate (PtI) allows the Secretary of State to suspend or modify education legislation for a limited period to allow the testing of an innovative idea that has the potential to raise educational standards.

  • Primary Framework

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    Supports teachers and schools to deliver high-quality learning and teaching for all children. It contains detailed guidance and materials to support literacy and mathematics in primary schools and settings.

  • Procurement

    Procurement is the term used to describe the whole process of buying goods and services.

  • PRU

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    Pupil referral unit. This is any school established and maintained by a local authority that is specially organised to provide education for children who are excluded, sick or otherwise unable to attend mainstream school.

  • PSA

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    Public Service Agreement. A plan setting out what a department will deliver in the form of measurable targets over the public expenditure review period. Also - Parent Staff Association.

    Also see  LPSA

  • PSHE

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    Personal, social and health education. This provides a vital foundation for the personal development of young people in preparing them for adult life.

  • PTA

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    Parent-teacher association. These are groups open to parents and teachers, as well as others in the school community. Their aim is to foster better relationships between parents and their children's schools.

    Also see  PSA

  • Pupil Premium

    Additional funding for schools to spend as they choose to raise the achievement of disadvantaged pupils. The Pupil Premium for each school is calculated according to the number of pupils eligible for free school meals.