One of the features of air travel is that while many of the benefits are spread across society as a whole, many of the adverse impacts are distributed unevenly. People living near airports have to live with the immediate effects of aircraft noise, air quality problems and increased congestion on local roads. Urbanisation sometimes associated with airport development can also have adverse impacts on landscape and habitats. Information in this section highlights the actions that can be taken to alleviate and control these adverse effects.
Aviation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme
The Department for Transport and Department of Energy & Climate Change are jointly leading work to transpose the EU Directive to include aviation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) into UK legislation. All flights departing from and arriving at EU airports will be included in the EU ETS from 2012, and to comply with the Directive aircraft operators will be required to monitor emissions from 1 January 2010.
19/10/09: The UK Director General of Civil Aviation has written an open letter to the 891 aircraft operators regulated by the UK (PDF - 41 KB) , highlighting the important deadlines that operators should be aware of, and explaining how to comply.
Details of arrangements for regulating the aviation sector in the UK under the EU ETS can be found on the DECC website.
The UK Government is revising its Regulations implementing Aviation EU ETS to ensure all aircraft operators who meet the criteria for regulation by the UK can be dealt with by the UK Regulators.
- 16 March 2011
Report commissioned from Manchester Metropolitan University and Cranfield University by the Department for Transport in Spring 2008 to contribute to the evidence base on future opportunities to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from UK domestic aviation.
The Aviation Environment Programme Board was set up in April 2009 by the DfT to monitor ongoing key environmental projects, including the environmental provisions announced as part of the Heathrow announcement.
Provides a strategic view on the extent to which the aviation sector is covering its climate change costs. This information contributes to the evidence provided to inform decisions on major increases in aviation capacity.
A report setting out the Department's latest demand, CO2 forecasting, and appraisal methods. It also gives updated passenger demand and CO2 forecasts and updates our economic appraisal results.
Noise level contours in the areas around Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted airports.
The Civil Aviation Authority (Air Navigation) Directions 2001 (incorporating Variation Direction 2004).
- 23 December 2005
- Last update:
- 30 January 2006
Guidance to the Civil Aviation Authority on environmental objectives relating to the exercise of its air navigation functions.
- 16 March 2005
- Last update:
- 23 December 2005
The following content is available from the Department for Transport web archive .
- Aircraft noise and sleep disturbance - summary of Government sponsored research
- Attitudes to Noise from Aviation Sources in England (ANASE) study
- Arrivals Code of Practice
- Aviation and emissions trading: benchmarking study
- Changes to the night time use of Heathrow runways (Announcement- 21 Dec 2000)
- Control of noise from civil aircraft - the government's conclusions (PDF - 133 KB)
- Government Response to the Environmental Audit Committee's Report CM 6063 (PDF - 132 KB)
- Guidelines for Airport Consultative Committees
- Annex A: Night flying restrictions at Heathrow- Gatwick and Stansted from October 2006
- Night Noise Quotas at Heathrow- Gatwick and Stansted Airports
- Noise from arriving aircraft - summary
- Noise impacts of airport developments in the national consultation documents
- Noise limits for aircraft departing from Heathrow- Gatwick and Stansted Airports
- Project for the Sustainable Development of Heathrow - Report of the Air Quality Technical Panels
Help accessing downloadable file formats
Most publications are available in portable document format (PDF) or rich text format (RTF) for downloading and reading offline. PDF files may only be compatible with the latest version of the free Adobe Acrobat Reader .
People with visual difficulties may find it useful to learn about improving the accessibility of Acrobat documents at the Adobe Accessibility Resource Centre .
For information about RTF and zip files please visit help with downloads.
If you are unable to access a publication, please contact us to organise a suitable alternative format.
For related documents, pages and internet links, see the column on the right.