This snapshot, taken on
, shows web content acquired for preservation by The National Archives. External links, forms and search may not work in archived websites and contact details are likely to be out of date.
The UK Government Web Archive does not use cookies but some may be left in your browser from archived websites.

Environmental issues

One of the features of air travel is that while many of the benefits are spread across society as a whole, many of the adverse impacts are distributed unevenly. People living near airports have to live with the immediate effects of aircraft noise, air quality problems and increased congestion on local roads. Urbanisation sometimes associated with airport development can also have adverse impacts on landscape and habitats. Information in this section highlights the actions that can be taken to alleviate and control these adverse effects.

Aviation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

The Department for Transport and Department of Energy & Climate Change are jointly leading work to transpose the EU Directive to include aviation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) into UK legislation. All flights departing from and arriving at EU airports will be included in the EU ETS from 2012, and to comply with the Directive aircraft operators will be required to monitor emissions from 1 January 2010.

19/10/09: The UK Director General of Civil Aviation has written an open letter to the 891 aircraft operators regulated by the UK (PDF - 41 KB) , highlighting the important deadlines that operators should be aware of, and explaining how to comply.

Details of arrangements for regulating the aviation sector in the UK under the EU ETS can be found on the DECC website

Facilitating Regulation by the UK under the Aviation EU Emissions Trading Sysytem (EU ETS)

The UK Government is revising its Regulations implementing Aviation EU ETS to ensure all aircraft operators who meet the criteria for regulation by the UK can be dealt with by the UK Regulators.

16 March 2011

UK Aviation: Carbon Reduction Futures

Report commissioned from Manchester Metropolitan University and Cranfield University by the Department for Transport in Spring 2008 to contribute to the evidence base on future opportunities to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from UK domestic aviation.

Aviation Environment Programme Board

The Aviation Environment Programme Board was set up in April 2009 by the DfT to monitor ongoing key environmental projects, including the environmental provisions announced as part of the Heathrow announcement.

Aviation Emissions Cost Assessment 2008

Provides a strategic view on the extent to which the aviation sector is covering its climate change costs. This information contributes to the evidence provided to inform decisions on major increases in aviation capacity.

UK air passenger demand and carbon dioxide forecasts

A report setting out the Department's latest demand, CO2 forecasting, and appraisal methods. It also gives updated passenger demand and CO2 forecasts and updates our economic appraisal results.

Noise exposure contours

Noise level contours in the areas around Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted airports.

The Civil Aviation Authority (Air Navigation) Directions

The Civil Aviation Authority (Air Navigation) Directions 2001 (incorporating Variation Direction 2004).

23 December 2005
Last update:
30 January 2006

Guidance to the Civil Aviation Authority on environmental objectives (376 kb)

Guidance to the Civil Aviation Authority on environmental objectives relating to the exercise of its air navigation functions.

16 March 2005
Last update:
23 December 2005

Archived content

The following content is available from the Department for Transport web archive .

Help accessing downloadable file formats

Most publications are available in portable document format (PDF) or rich text format (RTF) for downloading and reading offline. PDF files may only be compatible with the latest version of the free Adobe Acrobat Reader .

People with visual difficulties may find it useful to learn about improving the accessibility of Acrobat documents at the Adobe Accessibility Resource Centre .

For information about RTF and zip files please visit help with downloads.

If you are unable to access a publication, please contact us to organise a suitable alternative format.

For related documents, pages and internet links, see the column on the right.