Congo (Democratic Republic)
|Still current at: 25 April 2011
Updated: 21 April 2011
Safety and Security - Terrorism
There is a low threat from terrorism. But you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks which could be in public areas, including those frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.
See our Terrorism Abroad page.
Safety and Security - Crime
The global economic downturn has resulted in an increase in crime in DRC. Be alert to the risk of street crime and armed robbery at all times, including being targeted by armed gangs when driving. Foreigners are at particular risk of street robbery in Kinshasa, often in the vicinity of hotels and supermarkets, particularly in the centre of town. The Embassy has received a report of an armed gang operating in the Gombe area of Kinshasa, near the British Embassy, who identify themselves as security services and demand foreigners to show their ID or passports with the intent to rob. Robberies by gangs of street children are increasingly common and becoming more aggressive.
Ensure you lock vehicle doors and keep windows closed when driving. Do not drive off the main thoroughfares or park in unsupervised areas. Some gangs and confidence tricksters use girls to lure the unwary into traps; others promise cut-price gold and diamonds or pose as police to rob foreigners, including in daylight. Westerners have been robbed of money and mobile telephones in Kinshasa and elsewhere in DRC. There is also a risk of arbitrary arrests of foreigners by security authorities who demand payment for release.
There have been violent and well planned attacks on foreign nationals, including aid workers, in Goma. Take security precautions. Do not walk in the streets alone at any time. Safeguard and avoid displaying valuables and cash. Deposit them in a hotel safe, where practical. Keep copies of documents, including your passport, separately.
A Spanish national was kidnapped around the area of Mbandaka, north western DRC, at the beginning of April 2010; he has now been released.
See our Victims of Crime Abroad page.
Safety and Security - Local Travel
We advise against all travel to eastern and north eastern DRC. The only exceptions to this are within the towns of Bukavu and Goma, where we advise against all but essential travel. Avoid entering or leaving DRC overland from Uganda, Rwanda or Burundi except via Goma or Bukavu. However, care should still be exercised at these crossing points. Ensure that you have the correct paperwork for entrance. All foreign nationals, including UK nationals, will need a visa issued by the embassy in their country of residence. It is no longer possible to buy a short-term pass to enter the country. See the Entry Requirements section below for more details on applying for a visa.
Although the Congolese insurgent groups in North and South Kivu signed a peace accord with the government in March 2009, some groups remain outside the process and a threat to stability. The Congolese army has been carrying out military operations against Rwandan rebels present in North and South Kivu since April 2009. This means that outside of Bukavu and Goma, the security situation remains volatile. Banditry by armed men against NGO convoys travelling out of Goma and Bukavu is a regular occurrence. Even in these two towns, tensions remain and the situation can deteriorate rapidly.
Gorilla trekking in the Virunga National Park (North Kivu) and Kahuzi Behega National Park (South Kivu) has now re-opened to tourists. Nyiragongo volcano (in Virunga National Park) has also recently re-opened for trekking. We continue to advise against all travel in these areas - armed groups are still present in present in both parks. But if you do decide to travel, a government permit is essential to enter the Park. You must go through the ICCN (Institute Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature), who monitor the security situation and accompany visitors in the Park. The ICCN may decide to close the Park to visitors at short notice, depending on the security situation. The ICCN in Virunga Park currently provides an armed escort from the outskirts of Goma to the gorilla trekking site.
The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a rebel group originating in northern Uganda, is currently operating in north eastern DRC and across the border in Southern Sudan and Central African Republic. Military action is ongoing and the situation remains unpredictable.
We advise against all travel to north western DRC around the areas Mbandaka and Gemena, where recent fighting resulted in the death of three UN staff, as well as the kidnap of a Spanish tourist.
We advise against all but essential travel to the rest of DRC because of continuing tension and insecurity. This can mean that the DRC’s borders with Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda close at short notice. Consult the British Embassy in Kinshasa or the British High Commissions in Kampala and Kigali if in doubt.Politically-motivated violence can break out from time to time in Kinshasa. The DRC army clashed violently over several days with rebel troops loyal to the defeated presidential candidate Jean-Pierre Bemba inside the city in March 2007. There was widespread loss of life. If you have not already done so, you should register with/contact the British Embassy for local updates on the security situation in Kinshasa.
There is no reliable public transport system in DRC. Over-crowded and unroadworthy vans serve as buses in Kinshasa. There are few taxis, available from the large hotels, but these do not meet western safety standards. Outside Kinshasa and other main cities, most roads are barely drivable even with a 4x4, especially during the rainy season (September to May).
In DRC, be aware of the vehicle theft and car-jacking, and take sensible precaution. You are advised to drive with the doors of your vehicle locked and windows closed at all times. DRC’s security forces operate roadblocks, particularly after dark. If you are asked to produce documents for inspection at a check point, remain in your vehicle and show them through closed windows.
See our Driving Abroad page.
Safety and Security - Local Travel - Rail Travel
The dilapidated state of the railways means that rail travel should be avoided.
Safety and Security - Local Travel - Air Travel
The European Commission has published a list of air carriers that are subject to an operating ban or restrictions within the European Union. This is regularly updated. Check the following link to see whether this will affect your travel - European Commission Transport - Air.
You should avoid flying with any DRC airline. If you already have a flight booked with any DRC airline you should consult your travel agent.
On 4 April 2011, a UN flight crashed on landing at N’Djili airport. Embassy staff are currently advised not to take UN flights.
On 30 March 2009, the DRC authorities introduced a departure tax of $50 per passenger on international flights and $10 per passenger on domestic flights. Payment of this tax should be made at the time of check-in, before boarding. Passengers and visitors also have to pay $12 to enter the car park at the international airport of N’djili.
For more general information see Airline Security.
Safety and Security - Local Travel - River Travel
In early April 2010, a Spanish tourist was kidnapped while travelling by boat on the Congo River in north western DRC around Mbandaka.
The ferry service between Kinshasa and Brazzaville is currently operating, but is subject to cancellation at little notice. It stops running in the late afternoon, and there is no service on Sundays.
Be aware that the boats and ferries, which serve the rivers and lakes, are poorly maintained and often overloaded. Strong currents, shifting sandbanks and poor maintenance contribute to low safety standards.
See our River and Sea Safety page.
Safety and Security - Political Situation
Democratic Republic of Congo Country Profile
Five years of civil war in DRC officially ended on 29 June 2003, when the Congolese parties to the conflict signed accords sharing military and political responsibilities in a transitional government. Democratic elections were held on 30 July and 29 October 2006 and the newly elected President was inaugurated on 6 December 2006. During the election period there was armed conflict in Kinshasa, which resulted in civilian casualties.
In the months following the elections, there were further public demonstrations related to the political process, some of which turned violent (see Local Travel). Protests have in the past spilled over into attacks on international targets. Avoid crowds and popular gathering points, and contact the Embassy if there are signs of trouble.
For immediate, specific information about planned demonstrations or any other events which may affect the local security situation, you should register with/contact the British Embassy in Kinshasa (see Contact Details).
The agreement reached in January 2008 between the DRC government and armed groups offered the chance for peace in the provinces of North and South Kivu, where conflict has continued beyond the end of the civil war. However, issues remain to be resolved, a heavy United Nations peace keeping presence is deployed and the internal peace process remains fragile. Since April 2009, the Congolese army has been carrying out operations against foreign and armed groups operating in North and South Kivu province. Large numbers of civilians remain displaced as a result of the conflict and the current military operations in the Kivus. Acts of violence, including killing, rape and looting continue against the civilian population.
Taking photographs in public places (particularly of borders or military installations) risks arrest and detention. Journalists should not conduct interviews or film without the necessary local permits.
For more general information for different types of travellers see our Your Trip page.
Entry Requirements - VisasAll British passport holders need a valid visa to travel to DRC. This must be obtained before travelling. To arrange this, contact the Embassy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo:
Telephone no: 0207 580 3931
Entry Requirements - Satellite phones, GPS receivers or Military clothing
Entry Requirements - Yellow Fever vaccination certificate
Plague is endemic in North Eastern Province Orientale. There have been recent reports of incidents of plague in Djugu territory. We advise that if you are travelling to this region you take all necessary precautions.
On 7 July 2010, the first case of polio in the DRC for over a year was reported; this case was recorded in the south west of DRC, near the Angolan border. The World Health Organisation verified this report.
An outbreak in of African Sleeping Sickness (Trypansomiasis) has been reported by Medecins Sans Frontieres in the Haute- Uele district of North Eastern DRC. Sleeping Sickness is spread by the Tsetse Fly, insect bite avoidance measures are essential if travelling to North Eastern DRC. The symptoms of sleeping sickness include confusion, poor coordination, and disturbance of the sleep cycle. If left untreated this disease is fatal. Since September 2010, over 300 cases of measles have been reported in South Kivu and Katanga.
The Centre Prive d'Urgence (CPU) clinic in Kinshasa is able to cope with basic health problems and to stabilise a patient after most serious accidents. Outside Kinshasa, western standard medical facilities are practically non-existent. Medical evacuation to South Africa (or elsewhere) is advisable as soon as possible. Ensure that you have comprehensive medical and travel insurance, to include specifically the very high costs of evacuation by air ambulance. Minimum turnaround time for evacuation by air ambulance is 10 hours. If you regularly take medication, bring in a properly-marked supply, sufficient for the time you will be in DRC, with you. You may find it difficult to locate the medicines you need in the country.
Malaria, rabies, polio, meningitis and cholera are common in DRC.
In December 2008 and January 2009, an outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever was reported in West Kasai province (southern DRC). Ebola is a severe and often fatal disease. The likelihood that you will contract Ebola is low unless there has been direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person, or with objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with body fluids. Avoid all contact with infected patients and avoid any contact with ill or dead animals. Further information can be found on the NaTHNaC website.
Monkey pox occurs in DRC. The monkey pox virus is usually transmitted to humans from infected ground squirrels and rodents. Symptoms include a fever, the appearance of pus-filled blisters all over the body, and lymph node swelling. You should avoid contact with people suffering these symptoms and with animals.
Large numbers of cases of typhoid fever have also been diagnosed in DRC in 2008. Plague has been reported in Orientale Province (north-eastern DRC).
Large numbers of cases of acute watery diarrhoeal syndrome were reported among people living in camps for internally displaced people in North Kivu province (easter DRC) since September 2008. In many instances these have been fatal. In areas of poor sanitation it is not advisable to drink water unless it has been treated by boiling and filtration or with a chemical purifier. You should avoid drinks with ice in them and food which has been rinsed in water from unknown or unhealthy sources.
You should exercise normal precautions to avoid exposure to HIV/AIDS. See our HIV and AIDS page.
Seek medical advice before travelling to DRC and ensure that all appropriate vaccinations are up-to-date. For further information on vaccination requirements, health outbreaks and general disease protection and prevention you should visit the websites of the National Travel Heath Network and Centre NaTHNaC and NHS Scotland's Fit For Travel or call NHS Direct on 0845 46 47.
See our Travel Health page.
Natural Disasters - Volcanoes
Nyamulagira volcano in the north east of the country (near Goma) erupted on 2 January 2010. Its lava flow affected sparsely-populated areas in the Virunga National Park. Nyiragongo (20km from Goma) is also showing signs of increased activity. Local authorities, UN agencies and local NGOs are preparing themselves for this possible eventuality. If you are in the area (against our travel advice) then you should follow local advice.
Natural Disasters - Earthquakes
Earthquakes occasionally occur in DRC. The last occurred in Eastern DRC on 9 June 2009 and measured approximately 5.0 on the Richter scale.
General - Consular Assistance
General - Registering with the British Embassy
If you are visiting or are resident anywhere in the DRC, you should register with the British Embassy in Kinshasa. You can do so in person or, if you prefer, via our secure online registration service at: Consular Online Registration on the FCO website or with our LOCATE service. Notwithstanding our inability to guarantee consular assistance and advice against travel in the east, we would strongly recommend you to register and give us your contact details if you intend to visit DRC, so that we can pass on information that may be of use to you concerning the security situation in your area. You should also consider having a residents visa for the Democratic Republic of Congo if you are planning to stay in Kinshasa for a considerable period of time. British passport holders do not require a visa for Rwanda.
General - Emergency Passport service
General - Mobile phones and internet
General - Money