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Visit means a stay of up to 6 months in the UK. You must not work while you are in the UK and you should be able to support yourself financially while you are here. Reasons for a visit include vacations, business meetings and travel for amateur sports, entertainment and cultural events. You can also visit the UK to study short courses. As an academic visitor, you may be able to stay up to 12 months. Study means courses of longer than 6 months in UK schools, universities and colleges.
Work means paid work for a UK employer.
Residence is permission to live in the UK for a limited period while not working or studying. Settlement in the UK is permission to stay permanently in the UK, free from immigration control. This is also known as 'indefinite leave to remain' or 'ILR'. Residence and settlement are different from citizenship.
British citizens have the right to live in the UK permanently and are free to leave and re-enter the country at any time. British citizenship is given to people who have a close connection with the UK, which for nationality purposes includes the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. A close connection may be by birth, adoption, descent, marriage, registration or naturalisation. Unmarried partnership is not considered to be a close connection.
Until 1949, nearly everyone with a close connection to the UK was called a British subject. All citizens of Commonwealth countries were British subjects until January 1983. Since that date, very few categories of people have qualified as British subjects. It is a form of British nationality.
Under UK law, a Civil Partnership gives same-sex couples the same rights and responsibilities as partners in a civil marriage.
A Home Office travel document allows you to travel outside the UK if you cannot use a passport issued by your own country.