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Organisations | Local Authorities

Organisation

Local Authorities

Partner for the following LBAPs:

List of current UK actions

Habitat Actions

Upland oakwood
Encourage the adoption of policies in local and regional plans and the development of Indicative Forest Strategies promoting the conservation and expansion of upland oakwoods by local authorities, based on the best currently produced by relevant authorities by 2000. (ACTION: DoE, DoE(NI), LAs, SO, WO)
Promote "agreed management plans" for upland oakwoods that cover the various ways in which they may be treated (i.e. including minimum intervention where appropriate). (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DoE(NI), NE, FA, LAs, SNH)
Lowland beech and yew woodland
Encourage the development of forestry/landscape strategies (e.g. Natural Areas, local Biodiversity Action Plans, AONBs etc) to provide a context for and to promote expansion and positive management of lowland beech and yew woodland. (Action: CC, CCW, DETR, NE, FA, MAFF, LA (including National Park Authorities), WOAD)
Encourage the development of woodland initiatives that provide quality advice on woodland establishment, management and marketing opportunities where there are gaps in existing coverage. (Action: CC, CCW, NE, FC, LA)
Develop co-ordinate strategies for targeted control of damage caused by deer, grey squirrel and other damaging species (including non-native plants), in existing beech and yew woods and in areas targeted for expansion by 2002. (Action: CCW, NE, FC, LA)
Devise a strategy for distribution of existing advisory material (booklets, field demonstrations etc.) to woodland managers and if gaps are identified produce and disseminate additional material by 2004. (Action: CCW, NE, FA, LA)
Upland mixed ashwoods
Encourage the development of forestry/landscape strategies to provide a context for and to promote expansion and positive management of upland mixed ash woodland. (Action: CC, CCW, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, FA, DETR, LAs (including NPAs), MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Devise a strategy for ensuring effective distribution of existing advisory material to woodland managers and if gaps are identified produce and disseminate appropriate material to fill these. (Action: CCW, DANI, NE, FA, LA, SNH)
Wet woodland
Encourage the development of forestry/landscape strategies to provide a context for and to promote expansion and positive management of wet woodland. (Action: CC, CCW, DANI, DETR, DOE(NI), EA, EHS, NE, FA, LAs, (including NPAs), MAFF, SEPA, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Devise a strategy for distribution of existing advisory material to woodland managers and, if appropriate, produce material to fill any significant gaps identified. (Action: CCW, EA, NE, FA, LA, SEPA, SNH)
Lowland wood-pasture and parkland
Increase awareness of the value in protecting veteran trees where these may be threatened by felling, for safety reasons, and promote alternative solutions such as pollarding or tree surgery. (Action: CCW, EHS, NE, FA, LA, SNH)
Native pine woodlands
Encourage the development of management plans for native pinewood, building upon outline format described in the FA's 'Guide to the Management of Native Pinewood'. Encourage co-operation between owners to produce integrated plans for the management and expansion of pinewood as part of a local land-use strategy (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH, LAs)
Seek to develop ways of identifying suitable opportunities for native pinewood expansion in Indicative Forestry Strategies taking account of landscape-scale ecological objectives including the strengthening of linkages between individual woods and to other types of semi-natural woods. (ACTION: LAs, SO, SNH, FA)
Ancient and/or species-rich hedgerows
Seek to extend the hedgerow protection clauses in the Environment Act to Scotland, then enforce the requirements of the Act with respect to important hedges once the necessary regulations have been passed. (ACTION: DoE, LAs, SOAEFD)
Ensure that development plans contain policies to promote the protection and management of hedges and seek to minimise adverse effects on hedges from planning proposals. (ACTION: DoE, DoE(NI), LAs, SO, WO)
Encourage favourable management of ancient and/or species-rich roadside hedges, especially favourable cutting practices. (ACTION: DoE(NI), DoT, LAs, Highways Agency)
Consider the practicality of establishing registers of ancient and of species-rich hedgerows. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DOE(NI), NE, LAs, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Consider the development of hedge management skills through training, especially for contractors. (ACTION: Agricultural Training Board, LAs)
Liaise with relevant authorities in France and Eire to exchange information and ideas on hedge conservation, and in particular to form partnerships to gain EC funding. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DoE(NI), NE, LAs, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Continue to promote an awareness among the public and land managers of the importance of hedgerows and their associated features for wildlife, of the continuing loss of hedgerows, and of the need for management to maintain biodiversity. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DoE(NI), NE, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Coastal and floodplain grazing marsh
Promote the existing programme of water level management plans for grazing marsh SSSIs in England and Wales and encourage their production in Scotland and Northern Ireland by 1998. Ensure plans are established on all grazing marsh SSSI/ASSIs by 2000. (ACTION: DANI, DoE(NI), NRA, NE, IDBs, LA, SEPA)
Target Section 39 agreements towards the management of neglected commons and greens and buffer zones around existing important grazing marsh sites and designate 10 such sites by 1998. (ACTION: LAs)
Lowland meadows
Support initiatives to conserve unimproved neutral grassland within local government development plans and related policy, in forest management and planting schemes and by special projects. (Action: EA, DETR, DoE(NI), FC, LAs, SEPA, SO, WO)
Encourage, develop and disseminate best practice for unimproved neutral grassland management, in particular the integration of conservation management into agricultural practice. (Action: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Upland hay meadows
Support initiatives to conserve upland hay meadow within local government development plans and related policy, within forest management and planting schemes and by special projects. (Action: FC, LAs, DETR, SOAEFD)
Encourage, develop and disseminate best practice for upland hay meadow management, in particular the integration of conservation management into agricultural practice. (Action: NE, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD)
Lowland calcareous grassland
Support initiatives to conserve unimproved calcareous grassland within local government development plans and related policy, in forest management and planting schemes and by special projects. (Action: EA, DETR, FC, LAs, WO)
Encourage, develop and disseminate best practice for unimproved calcareous grassland management, in particular the integration of conservation management into agricultural practice. (Action: CCW, NE, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Upland calcareous grassland
Protect disused quarries and other sites supporting upland calcareous grassland from inappropriate development by identification in relevant development plans, and encourage the restoration of worked-out quarries to semi-natural grassland. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, NPAs, SE)
By 2002 review and consider common land legislation with a view to improving the sympathetic management of upland commons. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, NPAs, SE)
Encourage the use and establishment of public and private demonstration sites, with special linkage to agri-environment schemes, to develop and exhibit best-practice management techniques. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Provide advice and information on land management through the production, promotion and dissemination of literature, including technical handbooks and leaflets, and the use of IT. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Lowland dry acid grassland
Support initiatives to conserve unimproved acid grassland within local government development plans and related policy, in forest management and planting schemes and by special projects. (Action: EA, DETR, FC, LAs, SEPA, SO, WO)
Encourage, develop and disseminate best practice for lowland acid grassland management, in particular the integration of conservation management into agricultural practice. (Action: CCW, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Lowland heathland
Relevant local authorities should incorporate heathland Wildlife Site protection policies in development plans by 2000. (ACTION: LAs)
Organisations with experience of heathland management should continue to provide advice on how to manage and restore lowland heathland. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH).
Upland heathland
By 2002 review and consider common land legislation with a view to improving the sympathetic management of upland commons. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, NPAs, SE)
Protect upland heathland from inappropriate development, such as windfarms and quarrying, including by identification in relevant development plans. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, NPAs, SE)
Consider the adequacy of existing planning guidance on the impacts of certain developments on upland heathlands, for example wind farms, and revise if required. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, LAs, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Acknowledge the importance of upland heathland in country, regional or other forestry strategies. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SE)
Consider encouraging the use and establishment of public and private demonstration sites, with special linkage to agri-environment schemes, to develop and exhibit best-practice management techniques. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Provide advice and information on land management through the production, promotion and dissemination of literature, including technical handbooks and leaflets, and use of IT. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Provide training, where appropriate, for those organisations/individuals involved in the delivery of advice to farmers and land managers on the environmental land management objectives and opportunities offered through agri-environmental and integrated rural schemes. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SAC, SE, SNH)
Continue to promote research to explore the most effective ways of integrating agriculture, other rural economies and social needs, and recreation with nature conservation objectives. (ACTION:NE CCW, DANI, DoE(NI), DETR, EHS, NE, FC, JNCC, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SNH)
Purple moor grass and rush pastures
Consider developing and tailoring new incentive schemes in Scotland and Northern Ireland to benefit purple moor grass and rush pasture, to enable the targets for management and re-creation to be met in these countries. (ACTION: DANI, DoE(NI), LAs, SOAEFD)
Support local initiatives to find and map purple moor grass and rush pasture sites, and seek to protect and conserve them within development plans by 2000. (ACTION: LAs)
Support and encourage local initiatives to provide advisory booklets, information and other services to owners and managers of purple moor grass and rush pasture. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DOE(NI), NE, LAs, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Promote the production of site inventories or full coverage habitat surveys, on a county or district basis. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), LAs, SNH)
Fens
Review water quality and set standards for fens by year 1998 through the appropriate government agencies and departments. Aim to meet these targets by year 2010. (ACTION: NRA, Water Companies plc, DoE, RPBs, LAs).
Prepare and implement water level management plans. (ACTION: NRA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that development schemes do not affect the integrity or the conservation interest of fens (ACTION: LAs).
Reedbeds
Consider modifying or expanding existing habitat schemes such as Wildlife Enhancement Schemes (WES), Tir Cymen, ESAs, Countryside Stewardship, Nitrate Sensitive Areas and Habitat Scheme to encourage and allow for the creation of 1,200 ha of reedbed. Priority should be given also to reedbed creation as a preferred condition of after-use for mineral extraction sites. (ACTION: CCW, DoE, DoE(NI), NE, LAs, MAFF, SOAEFD, SNH, WOAD)
Encourage the development of both sympathetic water abstraction, water level management policies and of appropriate coastal zone management plans in order to protect existing reedbeds. (ACTION: NRA, IDBs, LAs)
Ensure that development schemes do not affect the integrity or the conservation interest of reedbeds. (ACTION: LAs)
Launch a campaign to enhance the market for UK reed by 1997. (ACTION: DoE, LAs)
Lowland raised bog
Encourage community composting or anaerobic digestion facilities and promote use of these and other products as alternatives to peat. (ACTION: DANI, DETR, LAs, NAW, SE)
Assess existing peat extraction operations affecting SSSIs/ASSIs by 2001 to: identify the effects of extraction on each bog; identify priority cases for action; determine the key obstacles to achieving nature conservation management; and, taking account of the financial implications, to bring forward proposals to secure the long-term nature conservation value. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, FC, LAs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Reviews of Policy Planning Guidance (Scotland and Wales) and Planning Policy Statements (Northern Ireland) should take account of experiences in producing and implementing guidance in England, especially Planning and Policy Guidance (PPG9 and PPG16) and Mineral Planning Guidance (MPG13). Consistent UK-wide conservation measures for lowland raised bogs should be sought. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, SE)
Ensure the importance of lowland raised bogs is recognised and site protection policies are included in Local Plans, Structure Plans, Mineral Strategies, Indicative Forest Strategies, and other strategic land-use plans. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, FC, LAs, LECs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Review and where necessary amend or develop policies on the consumption of peat by 2002, with the aim of achieving a reduction in peat consumption in all sectors and for all purposes. A minimum of 40% of total market requirements to be based on non-peat materials by 2005. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, FC, LAs, LECs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Where suitable alternatives exist, consumptive use of peat by central and local government and statutory agencies, including contracted work, should cease by 2003. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, FC, LAs, LECs, NAW, SE, SNH)
By 2000 determine the specific condition classes relating to each of these targets and, using these, establish the areas of lowland raised bog which will be targeted for restoration work; then clarify and begin measures to secure favourable management. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SNH).
Review the coverage of the existing programme of Water Level Management Plans to ensure that all SSSIs are covered and to determine whether it should be extended to non-SSSIs and to other parts of the UK. Ensure that condition objectives for lowland raised peat bogs are integrated into Water Level Management Plans by 2006. (ACTION: ADA, CCW, DANI, EA, EHS, NE, FC, LAs, SE, SEPA, SNH)
Complete conservation management plans, and where appropriate rehabilitation plans, to develop and promote the use of long-term management with the owners of lowland raised bog and adjoining land, aimed at creating or maintaining favourable condition (appropriate water levels and cover of bog species, especially Sphagnum spp.) on all SSSIs/ASSIs by 2004. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, FC, LAs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Establish by 2005 management plans for all existing and future extraction consents to encourage appropriate conservation after-use options. Ideally, this would lead to the re-establishment of lowland raised peat bog vegetation (as first priority), or other wetland ecosystems. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, DoE (NI), EA, NE, EHS, LAs, SE, SNH)
Blanket bog
Ensure appropriate consultation mechanisms, for example Environmental Assessment, exist for proposed changes in land-use (eg conversion to pasture, growing of Christmas trees) even where no grant aid is sought from public bodies. (ACTION: DETR, NAW, SE, DoE(NI), LAs)
By 2002 review and consider common land legislation with a view to improving the sympathetic management of upland commons. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, NPAs, SE)
Review, by 2000, and amend as appropriate, Policy Planning Guidance in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland to enable consistent guidance to be issued to local authorities across the UK. Encourage the UK-wide adoption of common Planning Policy Guidelines in line with PPG9, PPG16 and MPG13 by 2002. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, SE)
Ensure the importance of blanket mire is recognised in Local Plans, Structure Plans, Unitary Development Plans, Mineral Strategies, Indicative Forest Strategies and other strategic plans for forestry at all levels, and in the disbursement of structural funds. (ACTION: DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), FC, LAs, LECs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
Review, and where necessary clarify, distinction in planning law between ‘domestic’ and ‘commercial’ peat cutting operations and determine appropriate level of activity for which planning permission is required. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, SE)
Develop and promote training in the conservation, management and restoration of blanket mire, targeting this at representatives from all key agencies and at appropriate land managers. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NPAs, NAW, SAC, SE, SNH)
Establish a suite of sites across the UK, reflecting the range of variation of the habitat, to demonstrate best management practice. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Encourage the establishment of a network of interpretive facilities throughout the UK by 2010 as a means of achieving increased public awareness, understanding and appreciation of blanket mires. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, FC, LAs, LECs, MAFF, NAW, NPAs, SE, SNH)
Mesotrophic lakes
Establish the water quality objectives and associated nutrient standards appropriate for mesotrophic lakes by 1998 and aim to meet targets by 2005. (ACTION: DoE, DoE(NI), NRA, Water plcs, LAs, RPBs, SEPA)
Agree by 1998 a priority list of lakes requiring remedial treatment. (ACTION: DoE, NE, CCW, SNH, NRA, RPBs, SEPA, DoE(NI), LAs)
Eutrophic standing waters
Ensure that local planning mechanisms (e.g. Local Authority Structure Plans) take account of the wildlife interest of all (Tiers 1, 2 and 3) eutrophic standing waters. (Action: CCW, DETR, EA, EHS, NE, LAs, SEPA, SNH, SOAEFD, Planning Service (NI))
In order to increase public awareness of the value of eutrophic standing waters, develop the use of suitable waters for educational purposes and as interpretive centres. (Action: LAs)
Chalk rivers
Seek to ensure that development adjacent to, or directly impacting on nationally and internationally important chalk rivers is minimised. (ACTION: LA, DoT, DTi)
Seek to ensure that the environmental impacts of development adjacent to and/or directly impacting on chalk rivers are minimised, particularly for SSSI and SAC chalk rivers. (ACTION: LA, DoT, Dti)
Limestone pavements
Review the operation of section 34 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act to ensure that this legislation is effective in preventing illegal damage to limestone pavements. (ACTION: DoE, LAs, SO, WO)
Review existing planning permissions for potential revocation or to facilitate negotiation of an end to extraction or incidental destruction by 2000. All legal extraction to have ceased by 1998. No new planning permissions should be granted for any legal or incidental destruction, nor should any further extensions to existing permission be granted. (ACTION: DoE, LAs, SO, WO)
All new development proposals should have a "no use" clause, relating to limestone pavement as rockery stone, inserted into the landscaping conditions by the end of 1996. (ACTION: DoE, LAs, SO, WO)
Maritime cliff and slopes
Promote sea defence and coastal protection policies which encourage the free functioning of the coastal physical processes of maritime cliffs wherever possible. (ACTION: DANI, DoE(NI), EA, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
In the light of research findings, give consideration to how planning policy might discourage new built development within appropriate buffer zones in the vicinity of retreating cliff-tops. (ACTION: CCE, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, LAs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Encourage a presumption against stabilisation of any cliff face except where human life, or important natural or man-made assets, are at risk. (ACTION: DANI, DoE(NI), LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
Where stabilisation of a cliff face is necessary (as defined in 5.2.2), ensure adequate mitigation and/or compensation to maintain the overall quantity and quality of maritime cliff and slopes habitat. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DoE(NI), EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SNH)
Encourage the increased use of soft (eg foreshore recharge) rather than hard engineering techniques where some degree of cliff stabilisation is essential. (ACTION: MAFF, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, SE)
Consider non-replacement of coastal cliff defences which have come to the end of their useful life. (ACTION: MAFF, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, SE)
Coastal sand dunes
Support beach management strategies which encourage the protection of the seaward fronts of dune systems from unsustainable pressure by pedestrian or vehicular traffic, and discourage the use of mechanical beach cleaning close to dune fronts. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, LAs, SNH)
Make use of the potential provided by existing estuary management partnerships in taking forward the actions of this plan (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, LAs, MAFF, SNH)
Coastal vegetated shingle
Subject applications to extract aggregate from coastal shingle structures to the most rigorous examination and, where appropriate, seek opportunities for the surrender or revocation of existing permissions. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, NAW, SE)
Machair
Promote and develop agri-environment incentive schemes to benefit machair, to enable the targets for management and habitat improvement to be met. (ACTION: LAs, SE, SNH)
Encourage the adoption of policies in local and regional plans, including coastal zone management strategies and Shoreline Management Plans, which promote the conservation of machair and support sensitive husbandry by the owners and managers of machair land. (ACTION: LAs, SE)
Support local initiatives to produce audits of machair condition and conservation development plans by 2010. (ACTION: Crofters Commission (CC), LAs)
Support and encourage local initiatives to provide advisory booklets, information and other services to owners and managers of machair, including advice on recreational management. Particular attention should be given to information appropriate for crofting, the most important form of machair management. (ACTION: LAs, SE, SNH)
Encourage the establishment of strategically located management demonstration projects, including Local Nature Reserves. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Encourage the modification of management of existing nature reserves for demonstration purposes. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Create a Machair Working Group to review best management practices, machair restoration and associated advisory literature. (ACTION: CC, LAs, SE, SNH)
Littoral and sublittoral chalk
Influence the content of SMPs to recognise the dynamic nature of the littoral environment allowing, where possible, the natural processes of erosion. (ACTION: EHS, EA, LAs, MAFF)
Encourage a presumption against littoral stabilisation works except where human life, or important natural or man-made assets, are at risk. (ACTION: EA, EHS, LAs, MAFF)
Consider non-replacement of coastal cliff defences which have come to the end of their useful life.. (ACTION: DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EHS, LAs, MAFF)
Commission research to identify coastal defence strategies that incorporate habitat conservation interests. The research should also identify locations where littoral stabilisation works may no longer be necessary in the future. (ACTION: EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Prepare and publish by 2000 a pamphlet for the general public describing the biodiversity of littoral and sublittoral chalk habitats and of the importance of allowing natural coastal processes such as erosion. (ACTION: EHS, NE, Las)
Sabellaria alveolata reefs
Ensure that when considering the need for, and scope of, Environmental Impact Assessments, the needs of S. alveolata, (including sediment supply), are fully taken into account. (ACTION: CCW, EA, EHS, NE, LAs, SE)
Coastal saltmarsh
Take account of available mechanisms for the management and creation of saltmarsh when developing Shoreline Management Plans and strategies for the management of coastlines (ACTION: EA, LAs)
Ensure that, as far as possible, coastal defence or other construction works avoid any disruption of coastal or other natural processes which might lead to the loss of saltmarsh. (ACTION: DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), EA, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
Make use of the potential provided by existing estuary management partnerships in taking forward the actions of this plan. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, LAs, MAFF, SNH)
Promote awareness of the implications of the policies outlined in this plan among appropriate decision makers, including Local Authorities. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
Mudflats
Monitor the implementation of strong development control policies by 2001 to prevent development in flood risk areas (as defined by Water Resources Act 1991 Section 105(2) Surveys), with the objective of retaining the option to use such areas for the restoration of intertidal flats if required. (ACTION: DETR, DoE(NI), LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
Ensure that wherever practicable coastal defence or other construction works avoid disruption of coastal processes that might lead to a loss of, or damage to, mudflats. (ACTION: DANI, DoE(NI), EHS, EA, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE)
Seagrass beds
Ensure that development schemes, dredging operations and fishing activities do not affect the integrity or the conservation interest of intertidal and subtidal seagrass beds. (ACTION: CEC, LAs, MAFF, Ports/harbour authorities, SE)
Sheltered muddy gravels
Take account of the conservation requirements of sheltered muddy gravel beds in the development and implementation of coastal zone management plans, ensuring that they are managed in conjunction with other habitats and communities in the same locales. (ACTION: LAs)
Modiolus modiolus beds
Ensure that the importance of M. modiolus beds is taken into account in appropriate environmental assessments. (ACTION: CEC, DANI, DETR, DoE(NI), DTI, LAs, MAFF, MoD, SE)
Sabellaria spinulosa reefs
Establish restrictions on use of mobile fishing gear within areas of known and former habitat where recovery is sought. (ACTION: DANI, MAFF, LAs, SE, SFCs)
Tidal rapids
Ensure that road, bridge, causeway, energy and other construction schemes which might obstruct the water flow in tidal rapids avoid or minimise, as far as possible, damage to the conservation interest of the rapids. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, DoE(NI), DTI, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SNH)
Monitor the recovery of sites after construction works to establish the impacts and effectiveness of mitigation measures. For new projects post-construction monitoring should be costed in from the start. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Implement the communication of information on tidal rapids and their importance to planners, coastal users and the general public. This should include their international importance, their variety, diversity and abundance of marine life and communities. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, LAs, SNH)
Maerl beds
In view of the present extent of known maerl beds there should be a presumption against the granting of new extraction licences. (ACTION: CEC, DETR, DoE(NI), Duchy of Cornwall, LAs, MAFF, SE)
Ensure that planning for aquaculture and other operations, which may cause eutrophication and smothering does not adversely affect the conservation requirements of important maerl beds. (ACTION: CEC, DETR, EA, EHS, LAs, NAW, SE, SEPA)
Ensure that road, bridge, energy and other construction schemes which might affect maerl beds do not risk damage to their conservation interest. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, DTI, EHS, NE, LAs, SE, SNH)
Ensure that fishing operations do not adversely affect the conservation interests of maerl beds within designated sites. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, NE, MAFF, LAs, SE, SFCs, SNH)
Monitor the recovery of sites after previously consented construction works to establish the effectiveness of mitigation measures (eg Skye Bridge). For new construction projects prior environmental assessment is required and monitoring should be costed in before the start of development. (ACTION: LAs, NAW, SE, SNH)
Implement the communication of information on maerl beds and their importance to planners, coastal users and the general public. This should include their importance as a Scottish sea loch feature and their international importance in the context of the European distribution of this habitat. Attention should also be given to the variety and diversity of maerl and the abundance of associated marine life and communities. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, LAs, SNH)
Saline lagoons
Contribute to the different stages of producing shoreline management plans (including guidance on their preparation) to ensure that processes relevant to coastal lagoons are taken into account (ACTION: CCW, EA, NE, Local Authorities, MAFF, WO).
Contribute to the different stages of producing Shoreline Management Plans (including guidance on their preparation) to ensure that processes relevant to coastal lagoons are taken into account. (ACTION: CCW, EA, NE, LAs, MAFF, NAW)
Serpulid reefs
Ensure that road, bridge, energy and other construction schemes which might obstruct or otherwise alter the water flow to serpulid reefs do not risk damage to their conservation interest. (ACTION: LAs, SE, SNH)
Take account of the conservation requirements for the serpulid reefs in the development and implementation of coastal zone management plans and ensure they are not managed in isolation from other habitats and communities in the area. (ACTION: LAs, Port/Harbour authorities, SE)
Monitor the recovery of marine communities after construction works on the Creagan Bridge to establish the effectiveness of mitigation measures. (ACTION: LAs, SE, SNH)
Disseminate information on serpulid reefs and their biodiversity to planners, coastal users and the general public. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Sublittoral sands and gravels
Ensure that the best examples of sublittoral sand and gravel habitats are protected from the adverse effects of fishing, dredging, aggregate extraction and other activities. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, MoD, Port and Harbour Authorities NAW, SE, SNH)

Species Actions

Acosmetia caliginosa (Reddish Buff)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the reddish buff are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Acrobolbus wilsonii (Wilson's Pouchwort)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Wilson's pouchwort are taken into account when considering proposals which affect the hydrological conditions of ravine sites. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SEPA, SNH, SOAEFD, Water Authorities)
Incorporate suitable policies for the conservation of oceanic broadleaved woodland into Local Development Plans and Indicative Forest Strategies. (ACTION: FC, LAs)
Agabus brunneus (a Diving Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of A. brunneus are taken into account in any development policies, plans and proposals likely to affect headwater drainage systems. (ACTION: NE, Heritage Department, Highways Agency, LAs)
Alectoria ochroleuca (a Lichen)
Seek to minimise the effects of recreational pressure, particularly skiing, on Alectoria ochroleuca in the northern Cairngorms. (ACTION: LAs, SNH, SO)
Amara famelica (a Ground Beetle)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008, including the provision of south-facing patches of bare ground and damp hollows. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MoD)
Where possible, increase the available habitat at known sites and adjacent areas. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MoD)
Undertake surveys to determine the status of the species. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MoD)
Establish a regular monitoring programme for the species. (ACTION: NE, MoD, LAs)
Pass information gathered during survey and monitoring of this species to a central database for incorporation into national and international databases. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MoD)
Andreaea frigida (Icy Rock Moss)
Take account of the habitat requirements of icy rock-moss when considering changes in land use or development proposals. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Andrena ferox (a Mining Bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Andrena ferox are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Andrena gravida (Banded Mining Bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the banded mining bee are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Andrena lathyri (a Mining Bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Anergates atratulus (Dark Guest Ant)
Give due consideration to the protection of the dark guest ant and its host when dealing with policy and planning issues affecting lowland heaths and coastal zones. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Anisodactylus poeciloides (a Ground Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: EA, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Anisodactylus poeciloides are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Anostirus castaneus (Chestnut coloured click beetle)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Anotrichium barbatum (a Red Alga)
Advise local authorities and users of the sea near Pwllheli (eg sailing clubs) of the presence of this species. (ACTION: CCW, LAs)
Arabis glabra (Tower Mustard)
Maintain suitable conditions for viable roadside and plantation ride populations. (ACTION: NE, FA, LAs)
Advise relevant landowners and managers of the presence and importance of this species and appropriate management for its conservation. (ACTION: NE, FA, LAs)
Raise awareness of the conservation value of arable and intermittently disturbed, open habitats particularly within the range of this species. This publicity should be targeted at farmers and the general public. (ACTION: NE, FA, LAs, MAFF)
Armillaria ectypa (Marsh Honey Fungus)
Seek to protect the single known A. ectypa site from activities in the surrounding catchment which may affect its hydrology, such as afforestation, peat cutting and agricultural drainage. (ACTION: NE, FC, LA, MAFF)
Arthothelium dictyosporum (a Lichen)
Discourage use of coppicing as a management option in areas of old growth hazel, without full consideration of the impact on Arthothelium dictyosporum and other priority or threatened species (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Encourage and seek additional funding for the removal of invasive Rhododendron (if present) from sites containing Arthothelium dictyosporum, and from adjacent sites if a threat is posed. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Arthothelium macounii (a Lichen)
Discourage the use of coppicing as a management option in areas of old growth hazel, without full consideration of the impact on Arthothelium macounii and other priority or threatened species. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Encourage and seek additional funding for the removal of invasive Rhododendron (if present) from sites containing Arthothelium macounii, and from adjacent sites if a threat is posed. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Arvicola terrestris (Water Vole)
Seek to avoid the use of rodenticides and herbicides, particularly Paraquat, in riparian habitat where water voles would be at risk. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF, NRA, SEPA, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Identify potential sites for water vole habitation and seek to secure agreements with landowners to control mink if these should pose a threat to any population likely to establish. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Ascophyllum nodosum mackaii (Knotted wrack)
Take account of the conservation requirements for A. nodosum ecad mackaii beds in the development and implementation of coastal zone management plans and ensure they are not managed in isolation from other habitats and communities in these areas. (ACTION: EHS, LAs, Port/Harbour authorities, SE)
Promote awareness amongst coastal users of the importance of A. nodosum ecad mackaii beds and how to avoid damaging them. This should be done both by emphasising the beds as an integral part of sea loch communities, and by providing more information on the plant and its ecology. (ACTION: EHS, LAs, SNH)
Consider the possible role of Coastal Fora and Minch Project in promoting awareness of and disseminating information about A. nodosum ecad mackaii. (ACTION: LAs, SE, SNH)
Aspitates gilvaria gilvaria (Straw Belle)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the straw belle are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Athetis pallustris (Marsh Moth)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the marsh moth are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Bacidia incompta (a Lichen)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Wherever possible, establish sympathetic management at sites with populations of this species. Particular emphasis should be given to the protection of host trees and potential host trees, and also to preventing felling of other trees which may influence the micro-habitat of this species. Measures should be adequate to ensure the protection of host trees during road-widening schemes. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, Highways Agency, LAs, SNH)
Where appropriate, undertake planting of replacement host trees, including disease resistant strains of elm, in the vicinity of extant sites for this species. Assess the need for this work at the Powys site if the population there is confirmed as extant. Suitable mechanisms may include the Countryside Stewardship Scheme and the Woodland Improvement Grant Scheme. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Barbastella barbastellus (Barbastelle Bat)
Pursue the principles and requirements of the Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Ensure that consideration is given to habitat surrounding key bat sites when developing structure plans and assessing planning applications. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Establish links with organisations associated with the care and restoration of old buildings in the vicinity of barbastelle bat sites, in order to encourage provision for the requirements of the species within old buildings. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Advise tree surgeons, tree wardens and foresters operating in the vicinity of barbastelle bat sites on tree management practices which will assist the conservation of this species. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, LAs)
Pyropteron chrysidiformis (Fiery Clearwing)
Address the requirements of the fiery clearwing in relevant Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the fiery clearwing are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Ensure that existing populations do not become fragmented by management practices or development. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Biatoridium monasteriense (a Lichen)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. The level of protection should be adequate to ensure that extant colonies are protected from damaging activities such as exposure to direct sunlight through felling of nearby trees. (ACTION: LAs)
Bidessus minutissimus (a Diving Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant catchment management plans and WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SEPA)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals, particularly in relation to river engineering. (ACTION: CCW, EA, NE, IDBs, LAs, SEPA, SNH)
Bidessus unistriatus (a Diving Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Blera fallax (a Hoverfly)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008, for example through site management agreements. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Develop and disseminate guidelines to protect Blera fallax for use with landowners; FC, LA, RSPB and SNH area staff; Highland Birchwoods and the Cairngorms Partnership. (ACTION: LAs, FC, SNH)
Bombus distinguendus (Great Yellow Bumblebee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the great yellow bumblebee are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, EHS, SNH, LAs)
Bombus humilis (Carder Bumblebee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Bombus ruderatus (Large Garden Bumblebee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Bombus subterraneus (Short-haired bumble-bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Bombylius discolor (Dotted Bee-Fly)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the dotted bee-fly are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Bombylius minor (Heath bee-fly)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the heath bee-fly are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Botaurus stellaris (Bittern)
Promote, in development plans, appropriate conditions of after-use for sand and gravel extraction sites which would favour reedbed development. (ACTION: LAs, DoE)
Protect any sites which are important for bitterns, having regard to the significance of formal and informal site designations when considering any proposed developments. (ACTION: LAs, DoE, NE, NRA)
Promote the creation of new reedbeds on suitable sites such as surplus agricultural land, mineral extraction sites, etc. (ACTION: DoE, LAs)
Brachyptera putata (a Stonefly)
Address the requirements of the species in the LEAP process and in relevant catchment management plans and WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SEPA)
Bryoerythrophyllum caledonicum (Scottish Beard-moss)
Incorporate the requirements of this species in any development policies, plans and proposals that might affect its sites. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Bryum mamillatum (Dune Threadmoss)
Ensure that the need to protect the geomorphology of dune systems harbouring dune threadmoss is recognised in relevant Shoreline Management Plans, and that the impact on threatened species is considered when assessing and/or proposing sea defence and coastal protection measures. (ACTION: DETR, EA, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Bryum neodamense (Long-leaved Threadmoss)
Ensure that the need to protect the geomorphology of dune systems harbouring long-leaved threadmoss is recognised in relevant Shoreline Management Plans, and that the impact on threatened species is considered when assessing and/or proposing sea defence and coastal protection measures. (ACTION: DETR, EA, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Bryum warneum (Sea bryum)
Ensure that the need to protect the geomorphology of dune systems harbouring sea bryum is recognised in relevant Shoreline Management Plans, and that the impact on threatened species is considered when assessing and/or proposing sea defence and coastal protection measures. (ACTION: DETR, EA, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the needs of threatened dune slack species such as sea bryum are considered when assessing applications for water abstraction, or other developments, or land uses which may contribute to a lowering of the water table in dune-slack habitat. (ACTION: CCW, EA, NE, LAs, SNH)
Bufo calamita (Natterjack Toad)
All natterjack sites need to be identified in local plans so they can benefit from species protection policies (Action: Local Authorities, SNH, NE, CCW, Wildlife Trusts)
BHS, HCT and other NGOs to provide details to statutory bodies. Owners to be notified of obligations and constraints. (Action: CCW,NE, SNH, Las)
HCT with other NGOs to identify priorities based on a review of all sites. Opportunities should be pursued to acquire sites which are not owned by organisations with a conservation remit. (Action: Local Authorities, HCT, other NGOs, EA, SEPA)
Identify means for sustainable management of sites. (Action: HCT, NE, Heathland Projects, Wildlife Trusts, LAs etc.)
Caprimulgus europaeus (Nightjar)
Incorporate suitable policies for the conservation of lowland heathland and other important nightjar nesting and foraging areas into Development Plans, Regional Government Strategies, Indicative Forestry Strategies and Heathland Strategies. (ACTION: LAs)
Seek to secure long-term funding for county heathland management projects. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Carex muricata ssp. muricata (Prickly Sedge)
Where relevant, ensure that populations are protected from the activities of walkers and climbers. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Seek full protection of the Denbighshire site from any future quarrying operations, through negotiation with all relevant parties. (ACTION: CCW, LAs)
Carex vulpina (True Fox Sedge)
As far as possible, ensure that all relevant agri-environment project officers, relevant drainage engineers and waterways managers are advised of locations of this species, its importance and management needed for its conservation. (ACTION: NE, EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Carterocephalus palaemon (Chequered Skipper)
Discourage detrimental development proposals affecting known breeding areas. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Catapyrenium psoromoides (Tree Catapyrenium)
Seek to promote planting of suitable trees in parkland and wayside situations. (ACTION: LAs, SOAEFD, SNH)
Catocala promissa (Light Crimson Underwing)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Catocala sponsa (Dark Crimson Underwing)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals, ensuring in particular that existing populations do not become fragmented. (ACTION: LAs)
Cerceris quadricincta (a Solitary Wasp)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Cerceris quadricincta are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Cerceris quinquefasciata (a Solitary Wasp)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Cerceris quinquefasciata are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Cetorhinus maximus (Basking Shark)
Develop and implement a code of conduct to reduce levels of harassment, in collaboration with scientists engaged in research on this species. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DTI, EHS, NE, JNCC, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SFCs, SNH)
Chaenotheca phaeocephala (a Lichen)
Ensure that the remaining host tree and other suitable trees in the immediate vicinity are protected. If in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host and surrounding trees. (ACTION: CCW, LA)
Chara connivens (Convergent Stonewort)
Ensure that the LEAP process and Water Level Management Plans take full account of the requirements of this species. The findings of 5.5.3 should be used to set water quality objectives and nutrient standards within these plans. (ACTION: Broads Authority, EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Chara curta (Lesser Bearded Stonewort)
Incorporate the requirements of lesser bearded stonewort in Water Level Management Plans relevant to Fenland re-establishment sites (see 5.3.1). (ACTION: IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Chara muscosa (Mossy Stonewort)
Seek to establish favourable management at known sites, taking into account the needs of the species to prevent silting or reed growth at margins. (ACTION: LAs, SEPA, SNH)
Chrysis fulgida (Ruby-tailed Wasp)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Chrysis fulgida are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Chrysotoxum octomaculatum (a Hoverfly)
Seek to discourage inappropriate recreational and tourist use of present and potential sites. (ACTION: CC, LAs, Sports Council)
Cicindela germanica (Cliff tiger beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs and Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken onto account in relevant coastal protection and development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MAFF)
Cicindela hybrida (Northern dune tiger beetle)
Ensure that the requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF)
Where possible, ensure that recreational pressure is minimised on sites supporting populations of this species. (ACTION: LAs)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Cicindela hybrida are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, Department of Culture, Media and Sport, LAs)
Cliorismia rustica (a Stiletto Fly)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Clubiona rosserae (a Spider)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, NE, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Cochlearia micacea (Mountain Scurvy-grass)
Seek to prevent damage by development activities on key sites through protective policies in local and structure plans. (ACTION: SNH, SOAEFD, LAs)
Coenagrion mercuriale (Southern Damselfly)
Encourage the sympathetic management of all occupied and nearby sites, especially appropriate grazing management. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Collema dichotomum (River Jelly Lichen)
Ensure river catchment management plans adequately reflect the water quality and quantity requirements for the river jelly lichen. (ACTION: LAs, NRA, RPBs, SEPA)
Coregonus albula (Vendace)
Consider how local byelaws can prevent use of livebait and associated translocation of alien coarse fish into the Bassenthwaite and Derwentwater catchments. (ACTION: NE, LAs, National Park Authority, NRA).
Promote local byelaws to prevent the use of livebait and associated translocation of fish into vendace waters and their catchments. (ACTION: EA, NE, LAs, LDNPA)
Cosmia diffinis (White-spotted Pinion)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. There should be a strong presumption against any tree-felling proposals which could adversely affect any significant colonies of the moth. (ACTION: FC, LAs)
Cotoneaster integerrimus (Wild Cotoneaster)
Promote appropriate habitat management, including the control of invasive vegetation, particularly non-native cotoneasters. (ACTION: LA)
Continue propagation of plants and maintain stocks in cultivation, but cease translocation into the wild pending the outcome of taxonomic and genetic studies. (ACTION: CCW, JNCC, LA)
Deposit seed with national seed bank at Wakehurst Place, keep plants in cultivation and formalise existing work at Treborth and Ness. (ACTION: CCW, LA)
Discourage illegal collecting of this species and ensure that offenders are prosecuted. (ACTION: CCW, JNCC, LAs, WO)
Ensure that local botanical groups and other relevant organisations are aware of the legal and ecological implications of collecting this species. (ACTION: CCW, LAs)
Continue monitoring the effects of grazing on this species and modify accordingly. (ACTION: CCW, LA)
Cryphaea lamyana (Multi-fruited River Moss)
Ensure that the requirements of this species are considered when developing Water Catchment Management Plans/Local Environment Agency Plans (LEAPs) for rivers where this species occurs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Cryptocephalus sexpunctatus (6 spotted pot beetle)
Develop and disseminate guidelines to protect C. sexpunctatus for use with landowners; FC, LA, and NE/SNH area staff. (ACTION: LAs, NE, FC, SNH)
Shargacucullia lychnitis (Striped Lynchis)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied and nearby potential habitat is appropriately managed by 2005, including encouraging a wider adoption of appropriate roadside verge cutting regimes. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the striped lychnis are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Increase the available habitat on known sites and in adjacent sites, and attempt to link up existing fragments of habitat. (ACTION: NE, FC, LAs)
Curimopsis nigrita (Mire Pill-Beetle)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals, including peat extraction. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Cyclophora pendularia (Dingy Mocha)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the dingy mocha are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Damasonium alisma (Starfruit)
Promote measures to maintain water quality at all extant sites. (ACTION: LA, NRA)
Control marginal and submerged vegetation in the area around any starfruit populations and ensure that bare substrate is provided for germination. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Prepare and promote an appropriate water level management plan for sites containing this species. (ACTION: NE, NRA, LAs)
Decticus verrucivorus (Wart-biter Bush Cricket)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the wart-biter are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Desmatodon cernuus (Flamingo Moss)
Ensure that the needs of flamingo moss are considered when assessing planning applications for old quarry sites where this species occurs. Damaging developments may include re-landscaping of quarry spoil heaps and use of quarries as landfill sites. (ACTION: LAs)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)
Ensure that pasture and hedgerow sites are protected from development. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Dicycla oo (Heart Moth)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. There should be a strong presumption against any tree-felling proposals which could adversely affect significant colonies of the moth. (ACTION: LAs)
Ditrichum cornubicum (Cornish Path Moss)
Ensure that development proposals in the vicinity of the remaining site takes into account the requirements of this species. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Ensure appropriate management of local habitat to encourage the colony to spread, including the control of vehicles and other factors in and around the extant site. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Ensure appropriate management of local habitat to encourage the colony to spread, including the control of vehicles in and around the extant site. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Ensure landowner is aware of the presence, legal status and importance of conserving this species, and appropriate methods of habitat management for its conservation. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Ditrichum plumbicola (Lead-moss)
Ensure that the requirements of lead-moss are taken into account should proposals be put forward to change the use of its extant sites. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
Ensure that any proposals to re-work lead or re-landscape mine spoil where lead-moss occurs are accompanied by a conservation plan for this species, written with the guidance of an expert bryologist. The plan should set out measures which will ensure the conservation of lead-moss (in situ) during and after these operations. (ACTION: LAs, CCW, NE, SNH)
Dolomedes plantarius (Fen Raft Spider)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Donacia aquatica (a Reed Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species through the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Donacia aquatica are taken into account in any development policies, plans and proposals, particularly in respect to the infilling of ponds and lakes in which it occurs. (ACTION: NE, EHS, LAs, SNH)
Donacia bicolora (a Reed Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Donacia bicolor are taken into account in any development policies, plans and proposals, particularly those involving the infilling of ponds and lakes in which it occurs. (ACTION: EHS, NE, LAs)
Dorycera graminum (Picture Winged Fly)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs, SNH)
Edwardsia ivelli (Ivell's sea anemone)
Implement the management plan for the site. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Emberiza cirlus (Cirl Bunting)
Incorporate policies to assist cirl bunting conservation in appropriate development plans. (ACTION: LAs)
Enterographa sorediata (a Lichen)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Epione vespertaria (Dark-Bordered Beauty)
Ensure that all occupied is appropriately managed by 2005. (ACTION: NE, LAs, SNH)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken account of in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs, SNH)
Epipactis youngiana (Young's Helleborine)
Seek to ensure that all planning proposals, including those for mineral extraction and the destruction of spoil heaps, take into account the needs of this species. (ACTION: NE, LAs, SNH)
Eristalis cryptarum (Bog hoverfly)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Eurodryas aurinia (Marsh Fritillary)
Promote favourable land management on occupied grasslands, and those within dispersal range of existing populations, through management agreements and appropriate schemes, for example: ESA, Countryside Stewardship, and Tir Cymen. (ACTION: CC, CCW, NE, DANI, DoE(NI), LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Eustroma reticulata (Netted Carpet)
Seek to ensure that road works do not affect colonies of the food plant. (ACTION: LAs)
Filago pyramidata (Broad-leaved Cudweed)
Ensure that all extant sites for broad leaved cudweed (including railway and quarry sites) receive protection and management which is beneficial to its conservation. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Fissidens exiguus (Tiny Fern-moss)
Ensure that local planning policies take into account the requirements of this species. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Formica aquilonia (Scottish Wood Ant)
Incorporate the requirements of this species in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: EHS, LAs, SNH)
Fumaria occidentalis (Western Ramping-fumitory)
Consider the provision of incentives through use of ESA, Countryside Stewardship, Reserve Enhancement Scheme or EU Structural Funds to maintain and expand traditional landscapes and associated wildlife in Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly, including maintaining hedgebanks, ancient field systems and horticultural land use. (ACTION: MAFF, CC, NE, Local Authorities)
Seek to ensure that programmes to tidy marginal land and waste areas do not affect existing populations of this species and take into account the needs of the species in likely areas for colonisation. (ACTION: NE, Las)
Galeopsis angustifolia (Red Hemp-nettle)
Promote beneficial management at all extant sites. Particular attention should be given to viable sites in different parts of its range and to sites where it occurs in a species rich community. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Gastrallus immarginatus (Maple wood-boring beetle)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008, for example through SSSI or agri-environment scheme management agreements. (ACTION: Crown Estate, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Gnorimus nobilis (Noble chafer)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees, orchards and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Graphina pauciloculata (a Lichen)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Graphoderus zonatus (Spangled Water Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken into account in any development policies, plans and proposals that might affect the Woolmer area. (ACTION: EA, NE, LAs)
Grouped plan for river shingle beetles
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in any development policies, plans and proposals, particularly in relation to river engineering. (ACTION: CCW, EA, NE, IDBs, LAs, SEPA, SNH)
Grouped plan for toothed whales
Promote wider dissemination of Codes of Conduct for recreational users to minimise human disturbance in coastal waters through production of material at strategic coastal sites. Recomendations in the Codes of Conduct should be consistent between regions although adaptations to local circumstances and species may be required. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, NE, JNCC, LAs, SE, SNH)
Gryllus campestris (Field Cricket)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the field-cricket are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Hammerschmidtia ferruginea (a Hoverfly)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied and potential habitat is appropriately managed by 2008. (ACTION: FE, LAs, SNH)
Ensure that the species is included on site management plans, particularly on land managed by RSPB, FE and LAs and the NNR on which H. ferruginea occurs. (ACTION: FE, LAs, SNH)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of H. ferruginea are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Develop and disseminate guidelines to protect Hammerschmidtia ferruginea for use with: landowners; FC, LA, RSPB and SNH area staff; Highland Birchwoods and the Cairngorms Partnership. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Promote opportunities for the appreciation of H. ferruginea and the conservation issues associated with aspen woodlands in Scotland. (ACTION: FA, LAs, SNH)
Heliophobus reticulata (Bordered Gothic)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the bordered gothic are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Helophorus laticollis (a Water Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Helophorus laticollis are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Hemaris tityus (Narrow-bordered Bee Hawk-moth)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken account of in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, LAs, SNH)
Heterodermia leucomelos (Ciliate Strap-lichen)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Hirudo medicinalis (Medicinal Leech)
Consider encouragement for sympathetic land-use around all occupied ponds including the use of financial incentives. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF, NRA, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Homonotus sanguinolentus (a Spider-hunting wasp)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Homonotus sanguinolentus are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Hydrochara caraboides (Lesser Silver Water Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Hydrochara caraboides are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Hydroporus rufifrons (a Diving Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Hygrocybe spadicea (Date Waxcap)
Where possible, provide mechanisms (such as management agreements on SSSIs and relevant agri-environment schemes) to encourage grazing or continued mowing on all extant grassland sites. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Hypena rostralis (Buttoned Snout)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the buttoned snout are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals, including the redevelopment of derelict <a href="UKPlans.aspx?ID=754">urban</a> sites. (ACTION: LAs)
Hypocreopsis rhododendri (Hazel Gloves)
Ensure that local planning authorities are aware of the locations of H. rhododendri sites, in order that damaging developments at these sites can be prevented. (ACTION: NE, LAs, SNH)
Idaea dilutaria (Silky Wave)
Where possible, increase the area of suitable habitat on known sites and adjacent areas, and attempt to link up existing fragments of habitat. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Idaea ochrata (Bright Wave)
Encourage measures to reduce tidal erosion at Essex sites. (ACTION: LAs)
Prevent damage to occupied beaches caused by recreational use. (ACTION: LAs)
Juncus pygmaeus (Pygmy Rush)
As far as possible, ensure that all relevant agri environment project officers and local authority rights of way officers are advised of locations for this species, its importance and management needed for its conservation. (ACTION: NE, LA, MAFF)
Laccophilus poecilus (a Diving Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Lacerta agilis (Sand Lizard)
Seek to ensure that dune management policies are consistent with sand lizard needs in occupied areas (Action: LAs, NE, NT, MoD, HCT)
Seek to ensure that dune management policies are consistent with sand lizard needs in occupied areas. (ACTION: LAs)
Review and amend planning guidance (e.g. PPG 9 in England), practice and policies to reflect the importance of the planning process in achieving BAP targets and fully implement the EC Habitats Directive (Action: DETR, LAs, NE, ALGE, HCT/Froglife/HGBI to advise)
Identify all sites with sand lizards to LAs for identification in Development Plans. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Consider habitat re-creation on suitable heathland and dune vegetation to consolidate and expand the current range (Action: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF, MoD, other land owners, HCT and WTs)
Consider habitat re-creation on suitable heathland and dune vegetation to consolidate and expand the current range. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure sand lizard needs are catered for in programmes of cutting, burning or grazing management on sites supporting populations or likely to do so (Action: CCW, NE, SNH, NT, RSPB, LAs, HCT)
Develop local / Regional plans / SAPs/ BAPs to set sand lizard conservation in a local context in all areas currently with the species and those where reintroduction would be appropriate (Action: LAs, NE, CCW, HCT, ARGs, WTs)
Prepare site management objectives for sand lizards and ensure that specific conservation measures for the species are included in all plans and management schemes for all designated sites (statutory and ‘second tier’ designations) and nature reserves with this species. These should consider the relevance of the site relative to adjacent populations, etc. (Action: NE, CCW, HCT, WTs, Las
Identify a re-introduction rationale and list of proposed sites and areas by 2000. Initiate 3 translocations by 2005 and a further 3 initiated by 2010. (Action: HCT with CCW, NE, ARGs/WTs, LAs and landowners)
Ensure that relevant LAs and landowners and managers of sites containing sand lizard are aware of its needs, legal status and importance of conserving the species and that advice on its management is available (Action: CCW, NE, FA, SNH, LAs, HCT/ARGs)
Lanius collurio (Red-Backed Shrike)
Where the species is found to occur, ensure that its conservation needs are actively considered in development policies and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs, SNH)
Leersia oryzoides (Cut-grass)
As far as possible, ensure that all relevant agri-environment project officers, relevant drainage engineers and waterways managers are advised of locations of this species and its management requirements. (ACTION: EA, NE, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Limonium binervosum agg.
Assess the need to raise awareness in the tourism sector of the important coastal flora of western Britain, perhaps by writing articles for local tourist guidebooks. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Lipsothrix ecucullata (a Cranefly)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2005. (ACTION: FE, LAs, SNH)
Develop and disseminate guidelines to protect L. ecucullata for use with: landowners; FC, FWAG, LA and SNH area staff. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Lipsothrix nervosa (a Cranefly)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Lophopus crystallinus (Freshwater Bryozoan)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Lucanus cervus (Stag Beetle)
Encourage the retention of dead wood within broadleaved woods and parks throughout the current range of the beetle. (ACTION: FA, LAs)
Encourage appropriate habitat management, including the retention of dead wood, for all sites where the beetle is known to occur. (ACTION: NE, FA, LAs)
Seek to protect and ensure favourable management of a network of key sites throughout the range of the beetle. (ACTION: NE, FA, LAs)
Lullula arborea (Woodlark)
Ensure that clear targets for the woodlark are incorporated into appropriate site management plans, particularly land managed by the MoD and local authorities. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MoD)
Incorporate suitable policies for the conservation of lowland heathland into Development Plans, Regional Government Strategies, Indicative Forestry Strategies and Heathland Strategies. (ACTION: LAs)
Seek to secure long-term funding for county heathland management projects. (ACTION: DETR, NE, LAs)
Introduce or continue management for woodlarks on heathland nature reserves. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Lutra lutra (Otter)
Attempt to limit accidental killing or injury (for example by provision of road underpasses and dyke net guards), particularly on key catchments. (ACTION: DoE(NI), DOT, LAs, NRA, SEPA)
Lycia zonaria britannica (Belted Beauty)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied and potential nearby habitat is appropriately managed by 2005. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the belted beauty are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Lysandra bellargus (Adonis Blue)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the Adonis blue are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals affecting any site supporting large populations of the species. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Marsupella profunda (Western Rustwort)
Discourage illegal collecting of this species and ensure offenders are prosecuted. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Melanitta nigra (Common Scoter)
Consider the adoption of improved pollution prevention and control measures, including MEHRAs, and shipping management measures. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, DTI, EA, EHS, NE, Harbour authorities, JNCC, LAs, MCA, SEPA, SNH)
Take forward enforcement of MARPOL limits on deliberate discharges, port waste management plans and oil spill contingency planning. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, DTI, EA, EHS, NE, Harbour authorities, JNCC, LAs, MCA, SEPA, SNH)
Ensure that detrimental effects of development proposals on regular breeding sites and key wintering/moulting sites for common scoters are minimised. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, LAs, SNH, SOAEFD)
Melanotus punctolineatus (a Click Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs and Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed, including the rejuvenation of areas of active foredune, by 2008. This may be achieved through site management agreements. (ACTION: EA, NE, LAs)
Mentha pulegium (Pennyroyal)
Take account of the requirements of pennyroyal when developing new, or reviewing existing, environmental land management schemes that promote the traditional management of lowland commons and village greens. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, DETR, EHS, NE, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Muscardinus avellanarius (Dormouse)
Seek to ensure that PPG9 guidance issued by DoE and the WO is taken into account by Highway Authorities and LAs. (ACTION: DoT, LAs, WO)
Muscicapa striata (Spotted Flycatcher)
Consider the requirements of nesting spotted flycatchers when providing nest-boxes in nature reserves, country parks and other protected areas. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, FA, LAs, SNH)
Myotis bechsteinii (Bechstein's Bat)
Pursue the principles and requirements of the Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF)
Continue to install bat boxes and expand their use from an initial focus in Dorset and Wiltshire to include other important population centres. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs)
Advise tree surgeons, tree wardens and foresters operating in the vicinity of Bechstein's bat sites on tree management practices which will assist the conservation of this species. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Mythimna turca (Double Line)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008, for example through SSSI or agri-environment scheme management agreements. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken account of in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Nematostella vectensis (Starlet Sea Anemone)
Seek to ensure that sea defence strategies and structures take account of the requirements of the anemone, including opportunities to create brackish lagoons and ditches. (ACTION: NE, LAs, NRA, MAFF)
Maintain and, where possible, increase the amount of brackish lagoon habitat and ditches in occupied areas and in areas within the dispersal range of this species, to encourage expansion of existing colonies. (ACTION: NE, LAs, MAFF, NRA)
Promote the implementation of practices to encourage the formation and development of brackish lagoons and sheltered brackish water habitats at suitable sites. (ACTION: NE, LAs, NRA)
Nitellopsis obtusa (Starry Stonewort)
Review/establish water quality objectives and associated nutrient standards at all of the extant starry stonewort sites taking into account the requirements of this and other threatened aquatic species. (ACTION: Broads Authority, EA, LAs)
Noctua orbona (Lunar Yellow Underwing)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
Nomada armata (a Cuckoo Bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Nomada armata are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Nomada errans (a Cuckoo Bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Nomada errans are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Odontomyia hydroleon (a Soldierfly)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs)
Where possible, ensure mineral abstraction planning permission minimises hydrological impact and that any restoration or after-use is compatible with maintaining Odontomyia hydroleon. (ACTION: CCW, LAs)
Orthotrichum obtusifolium (Blunt-leaved Bristle-moss)
Encourage the maintenance and establishment of wayside or parkland trees using existing or new mechanisms. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH, SOAEFD)
Incorporate suitable policies for the conservation of parkland and wayside trees into appropriate development plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Seek to preserve trees with populations of blunt-leaved bristle-moss, by prophylactic treatments against Dutch elm disease, through the use of Tree Preservation Orders, or by tree surgery, as appropriate. (ACTION: LAs, SNH)
Monitor the spread of Dutch elm disease in north- east Scotland. (ACTION: LAs)
Osmia parietina (a Mason Bee)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the species are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
Osmia uncinata (a Mason Bee)
Develop and disseminate guidelines to protect Osmia uncinata for use with landowners; local authority, RSPB and SNH area staff. (ACTION: LAs, FC, SNH)
Osmia xanthomelana (a Mason Bee)
Incorporate the requirements of Osmia xanthomelana in relevant Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Osmia xanthomelana are taken into account in relevant coastal protection and development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Pachytychius haematocephalus (Gilkicker weevil)
Incorporate the requirements of this species in relevant Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: LAs, MAFF)
Paracymus aeneus (Bembridge beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant Shoreline Management Plans. (ACTION: EA, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Paracymus aeneus are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals, particularly relating to coastal defence and protection. (ACTION: EA, NE, LAs, MAFF)
Pareulype berberata (Barberry Carpet)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the barberry carpet are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Pechipogo strigilata (Common Fan-foot)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the common fan-foot are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals, and forest (re)planting proposals. (ACTION: FC, LAs)
Petalophyllum ralfsii (Petalwort)
Seek to ensure that local planning policies take into account the requirements of this species. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), NE, LAs, SNH)
Plebejus argus (Silver-studded Blue)
Where possible, ensure that existing populations do not become fragmented by management practices or development. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken account of in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Polia bombycina (Pale Shining Brown)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken account of in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Potamogeton rutilus (Shetland Pondweed)
Seek to ensure that local planning policies take into account the requirements and vulnerability of this species. (ACTION: LAs)
Procas granulicollis (a Weevil)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Procas granullicolas are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans or proposals. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
Pseudepipona herrichii (Purbeck Mason Wasp)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the Purbeck mason wasp are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Pterostichus aterrimus (a Ground Beetle)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Pterostichus aterrimus are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Greater Horseshoe Bat)
Consider statutory protection for roost sites not already covered, and seek to ensure that consideration is given to key areas, or population centres, in respect of planning and land-use strategies. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Rhinolophus hipposideros (Lesser Horseshoe Bat)
Pursue the principles and requirements of the Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, FA, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
Ensure that consideration is given to key maternity roost sites and the surrounding habitat when developing structure plans and assessing planning applications, particularly those for redundant buildings. The provision of alternative roost sites should be considered to mitigate any loss, as should the need for survey on planning applications for old buildings in current (and any expanded) range. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Identify representative numbers of key maternity, hibernation and other roosts across the range of this species and ensure that they are notified to Local Authorities and fully protected from damaging developments. Ensure adequate representation in the SSSI series. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Establish links with organisations associated with the care and restoration of old buildings in the vicinity of lesser horseshoe bat sites, in order to encourage provision for the requirements of the species within old buildings. (ACTION: CADW, CCW, EH, NE, LAs)
Advise organisations engaged in underground research and recreation on the location and importance of lesser horseshoe bat roosts and the need to avoid causing disturbance to them. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Rhynchaenus testaceus (Jumping Weevil)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Rhynchostegium rotundifolium (Round-leaved Feather-moss)
Ensure that any repair work to the wall in Gloucestershire where round-leaved feather-moss grows, or to the adjacent highway, does not disturb colonies of this species, or lead to a deterioration in its habitat. (ACTION: NE, Highways Agency, LA)
Rumex rupestris (Shore Dock)
Seek to ensure that proposals for coastal defence development do not damage further the existing sites for this species. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Schismatomma graphidioides (a Lichen)
Wherever possible, protect individual host trees at remaining and former sites with a view to providing sites for re-introduction/translocation. (ACTION: FA, NE, LAs, SNH)
Schoenoplectus triqueter (Triangular Club-rush)
Where possible, minimise hard engineering of river channels along which this plant has been recorded, and continue to develop alternative river management techniques including the restoration of floodplains for flood control. This action applies to the Rivers Arun, Medway and Tamar in particular. (ACTION: EA, LAs)
Sciurus vulgaris (Red Squirrel)
Achieve agreement on the UK Red Squirrel Strategy and develop regional guidelines for management of red and grey squirrel populations within the national framework. (ACTION: FA, JNCC, LAs)
Seek to ensure that the needs of the red squirrels are taken into account when reviewing or preparing Indicative Forestry Strategies. (ACTION: FA, LAs, Regional Authorities)
Prepare and implement site management plans for all sites with viable populations. This should be phased, with plans for all marginal sites by the year 2000 and all other sites by 2005. (ACTION: CCW, NE, DoE(NI), FA, FE, LAs, SNH,)
Scleranthus perennis ssp. prostratus (Prostrate Perennial Knawel)
Ensure that all extant and restored sites are protected from housing development and damaging agricultural operations. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Sematophyllum demissum (Prostrate Feather-moss)
Ensure that the requirements of this species are taken into account when assessing development proposals (eg hydro-electric power schemes) which affect extant sites. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, LAs)
Macaria carbonaria (Netted Mountain Moth)
Ensure that existing populations do not become fragmented by management practices or development. (ACTION: FC, LAs, SNH)
Silene gallica (Small-flowered Catchfly)
Promote beneficial management at all extant arable and coastal sites. Particular emphasis should be given to populations which are associated with species rich communities. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Siona lineata (Black-veined Moth)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the black-veined moth are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Sphagnum balticum (Baltic Bog-Moss)
Discourage large-scale peat cutting on all sites where this species occurs, and on nearby land where there is a risk that site hydrology will be affected. (Peat cutting at the northern end of Thorne Moors poses a serious threat to the hydrology of the NNR and should be discouraged.) (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs)
Assess the threat to this species at each extant site posed by indiscriminate collecting of Sphagnum for horticultural purposes. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
If the action outlined under 5.2.2 identifies a significant threat to this species from moss collecting, address this threat through appropriate measures which may include discussion with local horticulturists, leafleting local people, and on-site signs to explain the problem and the legal implications. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
Spiriverpa lunulata (a Stiletto Fly)
Address the requirements of this species through the LEAP process and in relevant catchment management plans and WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SEPA)
Stethophyma grossum (Large Marsh Grasshopper)
Address the requirements of this species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the large marsh grasshopper are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Synaptus filiformis (a Click Beetle)
Address the requirements of the species in the LEAP process and in relevant WLMPs. (ACTION: EA, IDBs, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of Synaptus filiformis are taken into account in any development policies, plans and proposals likely to affect the River Parrett corridor. (ACTION: EA, NE, LAs)
Teloschistes chrysophthalmus (a Lichen)
Where it is in the interests of amenity, apply Tree Preservation Orders to protect host trees and woodlands. (ACTION: LAs)
Tetrao tetrix (Black Grouse)
Seek policies which ensure protection of key black grouse habitats, and identify and target positive opportunities for expanding such habitats (e.g. through Indicative Forestry Strategies). (ACTION: CCW, NE, FC, LAs, MAFF, National Park Authorities, NAW, SE, SNH)
Safeguard important black grouse habitat from inappropriate development, through the development control and planning process. (ACTION: CCW, NE, LAs, SNH)
Thamnobryum angustifolium (Derbyshire Feather-moss)
Discourage illegal collecting of this species and ensure offenders are prosecuted. (ACTION: NE, LA)
Thamnobryum cataractarum (Yorkshire Feather-moss)
Assess the risk posed to this moss by quarrying and forestry activities further upstream. Planning restrictions should be considered where developments are likely to lead to deterioration of the habitat in which Yorkshire feather-moss occurs. (ACTION: EA, NE, FC, LA)
Thelenella modesta (Warty Wax-lichen)
Seek to promote planting of suitable trees in parkland and wayside situations. (ACTION: LA, SNH, SOAEFD)
If in the interests of amenity, apply a Tree Preservation Order to protect the single host tree. (ACTION: LA)
Thlaspi perfoliatum (Cotswold Pennycress)
Consider the requirements of this species when assessing the future of old quarry workings and when considering applications for further mineral extraction. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Assess ways in which the conservation requirements of Cotswold pennycress may be integrated with quarrying policy in the Cotswolds. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Thyridanthrax fenestratus (Mottled Bee-Fly)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of the mottled bee-fly are taken into account in any relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Tortula freibergii (Freiberg's Screw-moss)
Ensure that the requirements of this species are considered in any development/management plans for the Bridgewater Canal in Greater Manchester (ACTION: NE, LAs)
Ensure that proposals for building developments on, or close to, extant Freiberg's screw-moss sites are not damaging to the conservation interests of this species. (ACTION: LAs)
Triturus cristatus (Great Crested Newt)
Seek to ensure all ponds known to hold viable populations are identified in Local plans or Part II of unitary development plans, and that the protection and enhancement of the ponds is taken into account in accordance with paragraph 24 of DOE's Planning Policy Guidance note: PPG9. (ACTION: CCW, DoE, NE, LAs, SNH)
Promote favourable management on all key sites where this species is known to occur. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, SNH)
Seek to maintain the number and distribution of occupied sites through habitat restoration or creation of sufficient new sites near existing ones to compensate for local losses. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, SNH)
Tulostoma niveum (White Stalkball)
Attempt to ensure that any road improvements do not impinge upon the site. (ACTION: SOAEFD, LA, SNH)
Tyta luctuosa (Four-Spotted Moth)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of four-spotted moth are taken into account in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: LAs)
Vertigo angustior (Narrow-mouthed whorl snail)
Seek to ensure that appropriate catchment management plans, flood defence activities, water level management plans, sea defence strategies and structures take account of the requirements of this species. (ACTION: CCW, NE, IDBs, NRA, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD).
Weissia multicapsularis (Moss)
Encourage positive management for this species on all sites, especially periodic disturbance to maintain open soils. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, LAs, MAFF)
Ensure conservation bodies, landowners and managers are aware of the presence and importance of conserving this species, and appropriate methods of management. (ACTION: ADAS, CCW, NE, FA, LAs)
Weissia rostellata (Beaked Beardless-moss)
Ensure that all relevant reservoir and waterways managers, drainage engineers, agri-environment project officers and members of regional agri-environment consultation groups are advised of locations for this species, its importance and management needed for its conservation. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EA, EHS, NE, IDBs, LAs, MAFF, NAW, SE, SEPA, SNH, SWAs)
Xylena exsoleta (Sword-Grass)
Ensure that the existing populations do not become fragmented by management practices or development. (ACTION: CCW, EHS NE, LAs, SNH)
Ensure that the habitat requirements of this species are taken account of in relevant development policies, plans and proposals. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, LAs, SNH)
© Joint Nature Conservation Committee 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010