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Organisations | Forest Enterprise

Organisation

Forest Enterprise

Website details

Lead partner for the following species plans:

Partner for the following LBAPs:

List of current UK actions

Habitat Actions

Upland oakwood
Promote the management and restoration of upland oakwoods in Forest Design Plans. (ACTION: FA, DANI, FE)
Lowland wood-pasture and parkland
Review policy and practice regarding fencing of registered commons to allow reinstatement or control of grazing in wood-pasture commons, but without impediment to access by 2001. (Action: CC, DETR, FA, FE)
Promote the restoration of wood-pasture and parkland where old trees remain in former sites that are now arable fields or forestry plantations. (Action: CCW, FE, MAFF, WOAD)
Consider (re)establishment of key species dependent on veteran trees via translocation. (Action: CCW, NE, FA, FE, SNH)
Native pine woodlands
Encourage the development of management plans for native pinewood, building upon outline format described in the FA's 'Guide to the Management of Native Pinewood'. Encourage co-operation between owners to produce integrated plans for the management and expansion of pinewood as part of a local land-use strategy (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH, LAs)
Continue to restore and expand native pinewood owned by the Forestry Commission by including them within Caledonian Forest Reserves and Forest Design Plans. Create conditions suitable for natural regeneration of an extra 3,000 hectares of native pine and associated broadleaves by 2000 by removing planted non-native species and/or genotypes and reducing browsing levels. (ACTION: FE)
Identify and prioritise by 1997 areas where the ecological diversity or genetic integrity of native pinewood is currently under threat from previous underplanting with no-native species in genotypes of pine, and where their removal would be cost-effective. (ACTION: SNH, FA, FE)
Continue to provide and promote training in the ecology and management of native pinewood including the design and establishment of new native pinewoods. Develop informal training and networking opportunities locally. (ACTION: FA, SNH, FE)
Update the Caledonian Pinewood Inventory to incorporate changes to the pinewood resource, including new native pinewood. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Co-ordinate development of survey and monitoring methods for native pinewood and other native woods and seek to make data widely accessible. Monitoring methods should enable management outcomes to be compared with national policy aims and with local objectives of management. (ACTION: FA, SNH, FE)
Lowland heathland
Encourage Forest Enterprise and the MoD to agree action plans with specific targets for heathland restoration or management for all heathland sites in their ownership with the statutory nature conservation agencies by the end of 2000. (ACTION: Forest Enterprise, MoD).
Coastal sand dunes
Promote and encourage the restoration of open dune vegetation on afforested dune systems. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, SNH)
Where appropriate, promote and develop demonstration sites for the restoration of dune vegetation on dune systems which have been converted to forestry or agriculture. (ACTION: CCW, DANI, EHS, NE, FA, FE, MAFF, NAW, SE, SNH)

Species Actions

Agabus brunneus (a Diving Beetle)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008. (ACTION: EA, NE, FE)
Bacidia incompta (a Lichen)
Wherever possible, establish sympathetic management at sites with populations of this species. Particular emphasis should be given to the protection of host trees and potential host trees, and also to preventing felling of other trees which may influence the micro-habitat of this species. Measures should be adequate to ensure the protection of host trees during road-widening schemes. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, Highways Agency, LAs, SNH)
Where appropriate, undertake planting of replacement host trees, including disease resistant strains of elm, in the vicinity of extant sites for this species. Assess the need for this work at the Powys site if the population there is confirmed as extant. Suitable mechanisms may include the Countryside Stewardship Scheme and the Woodland Improvement Grant Scheme. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, LAs, MAFF, SNH, SOAEFD, WOAD)
Consider creating artificial wounds on trees so as to provide further suitable habitat for this species and allow for the spread of existing colonies. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, SNH)
Barbastella barbastellus (Barbastelle Bat)
Pursue the principles and requirements of the Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF, WOAD)
When next reviewed, consider targeting the Woodland Grant Scheme (Project 3), Forest Design Plans, Countryside Stewardship Schemes, ESAs, and other relevant agri-environment and forestry schemes to land in the vicinity of important roost sites, with the aim of enhancing terrestrial and aquatic habitats used by barbastelle bats. Consideration should be given to the retention of hollow, veteran, dying and dead trees in hedgerows and woodlands. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, NE, FA, FE, MAFF, WOAD)
Ensure the long-term protection of maternity roosts, key hibernation roosts and, where appropriate, the habitat surrounding these sites. Consider notifying such areas as SSSIs where it is necessary to achieve this. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE)
When appropriate, advise relevant project officers for Countryside Stewardship, the Woodland Grant Scheme and other forestry and agri-environment schemes of the location of key roost sites, their importance and appropriate habitat management for the surrounding areas. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, MAFF)
Battarrea phalloides (Sandy Stiltball)
Encourage hollow trees, or other suitable habitat, to be retained in areas adjacent to known sites. (ACTION: NE, FA, FE)
Boletus satanas (Devil's Bolete)
Promote suitable woodland management to maintain optimum conditions for this species in the current range and the vicinity. (ACTION: NE, FA, FE)
Bryum neodamense (Long-leaved Threadmoss)
Ensure that further dehydration of sites (eg through afforestation) does not occur. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, SNH)
Bryum warneum (Sea bryum)
Ensure that further dehydration of sites (eg through afforestation) does not occur. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, SNH)
Buxbaumia viridis (Green Shield-Moss)
Ensure the needs of this species are taken into account in the management plan for the known site. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Encourage the provision of suitable dead conifer wood in woodland management for areas containing this species. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Caprimulgus europaeus (Nightjar)
Include specific targets and management for the nightjar in Forest Design Plans across the species' current and former range. (ACTION: DANI, FE)
Take full account of the requirements of the nightjar when considering felling and restocking proposals in its current and former range. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Produce specific advisory material for the management of heathland and forestry plantations for nightjars. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Carterocephalus palaemon (Chequered Skipper)
Continue the re-establishment programme at the FE site in eastern England, with monitoring of the butterfly and its habitat. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Discourage collection of chequered skippers at all sites. (ACTION: NE, FE, SNH)
Catocala promissa (Light Crimson Underwing)
Increase the available habitat on the known sites and in adjacent woodland, and attempt to link up existing fragments of habitat, for example by replanting with oaks. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Catocala sponsa (Dark Crimson Underwing)
Increase the available habitat on the known sites and in adjacent woodland, and attempt to link up existing fragments of habitat, for example by replanting with oaks. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Cicadetta montana (New Forest Cicada)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied and potential habitat is appropriately managed, including reduction of trampling by grazing animals between March and October by 1999, and rotational management of woodland margins by 2004. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Cladonia botrytes (Stump Lichen)
Ensure appropriate protection of the known sites. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Undertake experimental management, in the vicinity of known or newly discovered populations, to ensure conservation of the species in the future. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Coleophora tricolor (Basil-thyme Case-bearer)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied and nearby potential habitat is appropriately managed by 2008. (ACTION: NE, FE, MAFF, MoD)
Collema dichotomum (River Jelly Lichen)
Ensure careful woodland management in riparian areas compatible with FA’s Forest and Water Guidelines to remove additional problems caused by removal of shade along rivers. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Enterographa elaborata (New Forest beech-lichen)
Undertake management of selected trees in the vicinity of extant sites, with the aim of creating a continuity of suitable veteran trees for colonisation. Pollarding is likely to be the most appropriate management method. (ACTION: EHS, NE, FE)
Ensure that all standing dead wood in the vicinity of extant sites is allowed to remain standing. (ACTION: EHS, NE, FE)
Where appropriate, undertake management, such as pollarding, to stabilise and prolong the life of existing host trees on which this species occurs. (ACTION: EHS, NE, FE)
Enterographa sorediata (a Lichen)
Where appropriate, undertake management such as pollarding to stabilise and prolong the life of existing host trees on which this species occurs. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Eresus cinnaberinus (Ladybird Spider)
Prevent external activities threatening the existing population. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Remove encroaching pine, Rhododendron, bracken and scrub at appropriate intervals to maintain areas of bare ground and to encourage the regeneration of heather. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Where possible, increase the available habitat at the known site and adjacent areas, and attempt to link up existing fragments of habitat. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Ernoporus tiliae (Bast bark beetle)
Where appropriate, include the requirements of the species when preparing or revising prescriptions for agri-environment or woodland grant schemes. (ACTION: NE, FE, MAFF)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed, including the retention of dead wood, by 2008. This may be achieved through SSSI or agri-environment/ woodland grant scheme management agreements. (ACTION: NE, FE, MAFF)
Increase the area of lime coppice by conversion of plantation conifers in areas where this would benefit this species. (ACTION: FE)
Formica aquilonia (Scottish Wood Ant)
Include specific targets and management for the Scottish wood ant in Forest Design Plans across the species current and former range. (ACTION: FE)
Formica candida (Black bog ant)
Following further research to identify precise habitat requirements, review management in the New Forest (particularly stocking and grazing levels and forest management practice) and consider modifications in areas where this species would benefit. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Gentianella uliginosa (Dune Gentian)
Ensure that further afforestation proposed in the vicinity of sites for dune gentian avoids any adverse effects to the populations. (ACTION: CCW, FA, FE, SNH)
Graphina pauciloculata (a Lichen)
Undertake management, where necessary, to ensure a continuity of potential host trees in the vicinity of existing colonies. Management may include fencing off areas of woodland, if/where grazing is preventing regeneration of suitable tree species. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Hammerschmidtia ferruginea (a Hoverfly)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied and potential habitat is appropriately managed by 2008. (ACTION: FE, LAs, SNH)
Where possible, increase the available habitat at known sites and adjacent areas, and attempt to link up existing fragments of habitat. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Ensure that the species is included on site management plans, particularly on land managed by RSPB, FE and LAs and the NNR on which H. ferruginea occurs. (ACTION: FE, LAs, SNH)
Helophorus laticollis (a Water Beetle)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Hericium erinaceum (Bearded Tooth)
Devise and implement a management plan for each H. erinaceum site to ensure a long-term continuity of suitable host trees for this species, by protection of suitable young trees, the establishment of new pollards and re-pollarding existing host trees where appropriate. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Visit all sites with records of H. erinaceum annually during the fruiting season (other than those sites where this species is definitely known to have been lost) in order to keep a close check on the population at each site and to monitor changes in habitat quality. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Jynx torquilla (Wryneck)
Ensure the protection of remaining fragments of mature pine and broadleaved forest in Strathspey and the restoration or expansion of these habitats into appropriate areas. (ACTION: SNH, FA, FE)
Ensure that appropriate protection is given to any regularly used nesting localities. (ACTION: SNH, FE)
Lacerta agilis (Sand Lizard)
Consider removal of limited areas of woodland on former heathland to allow linkages of fragmented heathland populations and expand populations within forests. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Consider habitat re-creation on suitable heathland and dune vegetation to consolidate and expand the current range (Action: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF, MoD, other land owners, HCT and WTs)
Consider habitat re-creation on suitable heathland and dune vegetation to consolidate and expand the current range. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF)
Lejeunea mandonii (Atlantic lejeunea)
Seek to remove Rhododendron from affected sites. (ACTION: NE, FA, FE, SNH)
Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)
Ensure that Caledonian Forest reserves, and other Forest Enterprise sites where twinflower is present, are managed with consideration for its ecological requirements. (ACTION: FE)
Reintroduce the species to five historic sites which now appear suitable to maintain a viable population. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Create or manage at least one accessible population in its natural habitat to increase appreciation and understanding of this attractive and threatened species, and encourage the display of the species in ex situ collections to assist this process. This will act as a 'flagship' for its habitat and will reduce botanical pressure on other populations. (ACTION: FE, RBGE, SNH)
Lipsothrix ecucullata (a Cranefly)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2005. (ACTION: FE, LAs, SNH)
Where possible, increase the available habitat at known sites and adjacent areas. (ACTION: FE, SNH)
Loxia scotica (Scottish Crossbill)
Promote the protection, creation and management of native pinewoods. (ACTION: FA, FE, SOAEFD, Scottish Office)
Consider proposals for aerial insecticide spraying on a case-by-case basis to ensure local populations of Scottish crossbill are not affected. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Enhance and manage native pinewood and plantations of Scots pine to the benefit of the crossbill, ensuring as far as possible the continuity of existing, isolated woodland within the range of this species. (ACTION: SOAEFD, SNH, FA, FE)
Research, develop and encourage regular population monitoring of Scottish crossbills and their food supply. (ACTION: SNH, FC, FE, FR)
Lullula arborea (Woodlark)
Prepare and implement an Endangered Species Action Plan for woodlarks on FE land, to include specific targets for woodlarks in Forest Design Plans in forests within their current and former range. (ACTION: FE)
Take full account of the requirements of the woodlark when considering felling and restocking proposals. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Produce specific advisory material for the management of heathland and forestry plantations for woodlarks. (ACTION: NE, FA, FE)
Luronium natans (Floating Water Plantain)
Seek to minimise the effects of acidification on waters containing the plantain in acid-sensitive areas. (ACTION: British Waterways, CCW, NE, FE, NRA)
Malachius aeneus (Scarlet malachite beetle)
Where appropriate, include the requirements of the species when preparing or revising prescriptions for agri-environment or woodland grant schemes. (ACTION: NE, FE, MAFF)
Mentha pulegium (Pennyroyal)
Seek protection of all extant sites from damaging activities including infilling with hardcore, metalling of trackway sites, drainage and application of agro-chemicals. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, FA, FE, MAFF, WOAD)
Ensure the long-term protection and appropriate management of all extant native sites. Where necessary to achieve this, consider notifying sites as SSSIs. (ACTION: CCW, EHS, NE, FA, FE)
Promote the continuation of traditional and beneficial forms of management, such as pony grazing, in the New Forest stronghold area. (ACTION: NE, FA, FE, MAFF)
Myotis bechsteinii (Bechstein's Bat)
Pursue the principles and requirements of the Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, EA, NE, FA, FE, LAs, MAFF)
When next reviewed, consider targeting the Woodland Grant Scheme (Project 3), Forest Design Plans, Countryside Stewardship Schemes, ESAs and other relevant agri-environment and forestry schemes towards land in the vicinity of important roost sites, with the aim of enhancing and extending habitat used by bats. Consideration should be given to the retention of hollow, veteran, dying and dead trees in hedgerows and woodlands. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, NE, FA, FE, MAFF, WOAD)
Continue to install bat boxes and expand their use from an initial focus in Dorset and Wiltshire to include other important population centres. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs)
Advise relevant project officers for Countryside Stewardship, the Woodland Grant Scheme and other agri-environment and forestry schemes of the location of key roost sites, their importance and appropriate habitat management for the surrounding areas. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, MAFF)
Use the conservation requirements of Bechstein's bat to illustrate the importance of native deciduous woodland. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE)
Osmia uncinata (a Mason Bee)
Include specific targets and management for Osmia uncinata in Forest Design Plans across the species? current and former range. (ACTION: FE)
Pallavicinia lyellii (Veilwort)
Ensure that the habitat quality of extant sites is not adversely affected by land drainage activities. (ACTION: CCW, EA, NE, FE, IDBs)
Assess the need to control scrub where it threatens to overshade extant colonies of veilwort, exercising caution so that the colonies are not over-exposed to the equally damaging effects of direct sunlight. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE)
Following the research outlined under 5.5.3, consider undertaking clearance of vegetation at appropriate localities in order to create bare surfaces for veilwort to colonise. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE)
Poronia punctata (Nail Fungus)
Encourage positive management for this species at remaining sites, especially the traditional practice of pony grazing in the New Forest and the maintenance of improved grassland, particularly hay meadows. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Pseudocyphellaria norvegica (a Lichen)
Ensure that wherever possible in selected areas host trees are identified and protected to allow the expansion of existing populations. (ACTION: DoE(NI), NE, FA, FE, SNH)
Pterostichus kugelanni (a Ground Beetle)
Where possible, ensure that all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008, including the provision of south-facing patches of bare ground. This may be achieved through SSSI or agri-environment scheme management agreements. (ACTION: Dartmoor National Park, NE, FE)
Rhinolophus hipposideros (Lesser Horseshoe Bat)
When next reviewed, consider targeting the Woodland Grant Scheme (WGS) (Project 3), Forest Design Plans, Countryside Stewardship Schemes, ESAs and other relevant agri-environment and forestry schemes to land in the vicinity of important roost sites, with the aim of enhancing and extending habitat used by bats. (ACTION: CCW, DETR, NE, FA, FE, MAFF, WOAD)
Establish mechanisms to ensure routine survey of mines or other underground sites due for closure or change of use, or otherwise considered vulnerable, with a view to protecting any bat colonies identified. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, JNCC)
When appropriate, advise project officers for Countryside Stewardship, the WIG scheme and other forestry and agri-environment schemes of the location of key roost sites, their importance and appropriate habitat management for the surrounding areas. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, MAFF, WOAD)
Rhynchaenus testaceus (Jumping Weevil)
Where possible, ensure all occupied habitat is appropriately managed by 2008, for example through SSSI or agri-environment/woodland grant scheme management agreements. (ACTION: EA, NE, FE, MAFF, MoD)
Saxifraga hirculus (Yellow Marsh Saxifrage)
Seek to avoid damage by afforestation to both present and former sites and to land adjacent to populations, and undertake restoration where damage has occurred. (ACTION: DoE(NI), NE, FA, FE, SNH)
Sciurus vulgaris (Red Squirrel)
Prepare and implement site management plans for all sites with viable populations. This should be phased, with plans for all marginal sites by the year 2000 and all other sites by 2005. (ACTION: CCW, NE, DoE(NI), FA, FE, LAs, SNH,)
Attempt to create or maintain 2,000 ha of conifer reserves in Wales to provide a suitable habitat for the red squirrel. (ACTION: CCW, FA, FE, WOAD)
Assess experimental translocation projects for wider use. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE)
Attempt to prevent expansion of grey squirrel range to key areas currently occupied by reds. (ACTION: FA, FE,)
Scleranthus perennis ssp. prostratus (Prostrate Perennial Knawel)
Ensure that the requirements of this taxon and other elements of the Breckland flora are fully considered when deciding on future forestry management and expansion near to extant sites. (ACTION: NE, FA, FE)
Sorbus leyana (Ley's whitebeam)
Following the research outlined in 5.5.3, assess the need for site management at extant sites in order to create favourable conditions for growth and recruitment. If a management programme is considered necessary, it should be implemented by 2003. (ACTION: CCW, FE)
Seek opportunities for the creation of suitable habitats for Ley's whitebeam within currently afforested areas. (ACTION: CCW, FE)
Assess potential factors which may be limiting the population size, including the effects of disease, herbivores and the spread of non-native trees, with a view to developing a beneficial management programme for both sites. (ACTION: CCW, FE)
Promote the development of existing visitor interpretation about endemic whitebeams at the Garw Nant Centre and seek to establish a similar educational resource at the new Welsh National Botanic Garden. (ACTION: CCW, FE)
Tetrao tetrix (Black Grouse)
Ensure the protection of important or isolated lek sites from human disturbance. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, MoD, SNH)
Monitor the effectiveness of measures introduced to increase or restore black grouse populations, including agri-environment prescriptions and forest management by FE. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FE, MAFF, NAW, SE, SNH)
Tetrao urogallus (Capercaillie)
Seek to protect, manage, create and enhance native pinewoods for the benefit of capercaillie. (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH, SOAEFD)
Encourage sympathetic management of Scots pine, especially extended rotations in commercial plantations. (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH)
Encourage management of non-Scots pine woodland for capercaillie within, or close to, existing capercaillie ranges. (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH)
Consider aerial spraying of insecticide within, or close to, existing ranges on a case-by-case basis to avoid undue impact to capercaillie. (ACTION: FA, FE)
Seek to enhance the continuity of existing isolated woodland fragments within the current range of the species. (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH)
Encourage removal of forest fences where practicable and, following further research by the Capercaillie Working Group, improve visibility of remaining fences. (ACTION: FA, FE, SNH)
Trichomanes speciosum (Killarney Fern)
Seek to ensure the requirements of the species are taken into account in site management plans and attempt to secure favourable management agreements for sites containing this species which are not protected through designation. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), NE, FA, FE, SNH)
Triops cancriformis (Tadpole Shrimp)
Ensure that occupied habitat continues to be appropriately managed. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Ensure that the species is included in site management documents for relevant SSSI's. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Conduct targeted autecological research to inform habitat management, and to elucidate the effects of veterinary compounds on the habitat of the species. (ACTION: NE, FE)
Establish a regular monitoring programme for the species. (ACTION: NE, FE, SNH)
Triturus cristatus (Great Crested Newt)
Promote favourable management on all key sites where this species is known to occur. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, SNH)
Seek to maintain the number and distribution of occupied sites through habitat restoration or creation of sufficient new sites near existing ones to compensate for local losses. (ACTION: CCW, NE, FA, FE, LAs, SNH)
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)
Ensure that the results of ongoing research on the causes of decline are taken into account in agriculture schemes, woodland schemes and policy. (ACTION: DANI, FA, FE, MAFF, SOAEFD, WOAD)
© Joint Nature Conservation Committee 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010