# Mathematical vocabulary checklists: Reception to Year 6

## Year 1

### Numbers and the number system

### Counting, properties of numbers and number sequences

number

zero, one, two, three… to twenty and beyond

zero, ten, twenty… one hundred

none

how many…?

count, count (up) to

count on (from, to)

count back (from, to)

count in ones, twos… tens…

more, less, many, few

odd, even

every other

how many times?

pattern, pair

### Place value and ordering

*units, ones
tens
exchange
digit
'teens' number*

the same number as, as many as

*equal to*

*Of*

**two**objects/amounts:greater, more, larger, bigger

less, fewer, smaller

*Of*

**three**or more objects/amounts:greatest, most, biggest, largest

least, fewest, smallest

one more, ten more

one less, ten less

compare

order

size

first, second, third… tenth,

*eleventh… twentieth*

last, last but one

before, after

next

between,

*half-way between*

above, below

above, below

### Estimating

guess how many, estimate

nearly, *roughly,* close to

about the same as

just over, just under

too many, too few, enough, not enough

**Words new to Year 1 are emphasised**

### Calculations

### Addition and subtraction

*+*, add, more, *plus*

make, sum, total

altogether

score

double, *near double*

one more, two more… ten more

how many more to make…?

how many more is… than…?

*how much more is…?*

*-, subtract*, take (away), *minus*

leave

how many are left/left over?

how many are gone?

one less, two less, ten less…

how many fewer is… than…?

*how much less is…?*

difference between

*half, halve*

*=, equals, sign, *is the same as

**Words new to Year 1 are emphasised**

### Solving problems

### Making decisions and reasoning

pattern

puzzle

answer

right, wrong

what could we try next?

how did you work it out?

count out, share out, left, left over

*number sentence
sign, operation*

### Money

money

coin

penny, pence, pound

price

cost

buy

sell

spend, spent

pay

change

dear, costs more

cheap, costs less, cheaper

costs the same as

how much…? how many…?

total

**Words new to Year 1 are emphasised**

### Organising and using data

count, sort, *vote*

list

group, set

*table*

**Words new to Year 1 are emphasised**

### Measures, shape and space

### Measures (general)

measure

size

compare

guess, estimate

enough, not enough

too much, too little

too many, too few

nearly, *roughly*, close to, about the same as

just over, just under

### Length

length, width, height, depth

long, short, tall

high, low

wide, narrow

deep, shallow

thick, thin

longer, shorter, taller, higher… and so on

longest, shortest, tallest, highest… and so on

far, near, close

*metre
ruler, metre stick*

### Mass

weigh, weighs, balances

heavy/light, heavier/lighter, heaviest/lightest

balance, scales, weight

### Capacity

full

half full

empty

holds

container

### Time

time

*days of the week:* Monday, Tuesday…

*seasons:* spring, summer, autumn, winter

day, week, *month, year,*

*weekend, *birthday, holiday

morning, afternoon, evening

night, *midnight*

bedtime, dinnertime, playtime

today, yesterday, tomorrow

before, after

next, last

now, soon, early, late

quick, quicker, quickest, quickly

*fast, faster, fastest*

slow, slower, slowest, slowly

old, older, oldest

new, newer, newest

takes longer, takes less time

hour, o'clock, *half past*

clock, watch, hands

*how long ago?
how long will it be to…?
how long will it take to…?
how often?
always, never, often, sometimes, usually
once, twice*

### Shape and space

shape, pattern

flat

curved, straight

round

hollow, solid

corner

*point, pointed*

face, side, edge, end

sort

make, build, draw

### 3D shapes

cube

*cuboid*

pyramid

sphere

cone

*cylinder*

### 2D shapes

circle

triangle

square

rectangle

star

### Patterns and symmetry

size

bigger, larger, smaller

symmetrical

pattern

repeating pattern

match

### Position, direction and movement

position

over, under, *underneath*

above, below

top, bottom, side

on, in

outside, inside

around

in front, behind

front, back

before, after

beside, next to

opposite

apart

between

middle, edge

*centre*

corner

direction

*journey*

left, right

up, down

forwards, backwards, sideways

across

close, far, near

along

through

to, from, towards, away from

movement

slide

roll

turn, *whole turn, half turn*

stretch, bend

**Words new to Year 1 are emphasised**

### Instructions

listenjoin in

say

think

imagine

remember

start from

start with

start at

look at

point to

put, place

fit

arrange

rearrange

change, change over

split

separate

carry on, continue

repeat

what comes next?

find

choose

collect

use

make

build

tell me

describe

pick out

talk about

explain

show me

read

write

*record*

trace

copy

complete

finish, end

fill in

shade

colour

tick, cross

draw

draw a line between

join (up)

ring

*arrow*

cost

count

work out

answer

check

### General

same number/s

different number/s

missing number/s

number facts

number line, number track

number square

number cards

*abacus*

counters, cubes, blocks, rods

die, dice

dominoes

pegs, peg board

same way, different way

best way, another way

in order, in a different order

not

all, every, each

**Words new to Year 1 are emphasised**

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