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Home / Accessibility & Help

Accessibility & Help

Access keys

In a web browser an access key or accesskey allows a computer user to immediately jump to a specific part of a web page via the keyboard. They were introduced in 1999 and quickly achieved near-universal browser support (including Internet Explorer 4, Netscape 6, Safari, Omniweb, and iCab).

In most web browsers, the user invokes the access key by pressing Alt (on PC) or Ctrl (on Mac) simultaneously with the appropriate character on the keyboard.

In Opera, the user presses Shift + Esc followed by the access key (without Alt).

In Mozilla Firefox 2.0 the access key keyboard combination was changed to Alt + Shift, while in Amaya, the preferences allow the user the option of choosing Ctrl or Alt.

In Firefox 3.0, this has been changed so that the key combination only focuses on the link, and an Enter is required after the access key combo.

In Konqueror on Linux, The Ctrl key is pressed and released, and then the access key is pressed.

Whilst Mozilla and Firefox versions prior to 3.0 will execute the corresponding links immediately on the press of the access key, IE will just focus on the link and require Enter to be pressed in order to activate the link. If multiple identical access keys are assigned within the same document, IE will tab through them on each keypress (IE will tab backwards if Shift is pressed as well). This way, links can be logically grouped in various access key rings for easier navigation. IE 4.0 only supported letters of the English alphabet as accesskeys. Firefox 2.0 will activate the last of a group of links assigned the same accesskey.

Website design

The Tribunals Service is committed to making its website available to as many people as possible meeting the requirements of the Disability Discrimination Act and makes every effort to ensure its communications are accessible to those with special needs, including those with visual impairments.

Many Internet users can find websites difficult to use due to the way they have been designed. We recognise that this is an important issue so we are continuously making changes to ensure that this website is accessible in accordance with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) guidelines.

We have strived to make this website adhere to priority 1, 2 and 3 of the W3 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. Changes to improve accessibility are ongoing, but if you come across a page you find difficult to use please let us know.

The code used to create the site validates as XHTML 1.0 Strict, and the CSS has also been validated.

Our website has been designed to be compatible with the types of adaptive technology used by people with disabilities, including screen readers etc. As such, visitors can use 'access keys' on the keyboard rather than the mouse to navigate through pages.

The site is free of frames and uses a cascading style sheet for visual layout. Tables are used for tabular data, but we have avoided using them to dictate the layout of a page wherever possible.

Use of JavaScipt

he site has been configured to allow users access to its full range of functionality whether or not they have JavaScript enabled in their browsers. Where JavaScript is used, it is only used to enhance the user experience. It is never essential.

Changing font size

Users may feel that the text on a website is either too small or too large to meet their visual requirements. These pages use relative font sizes, which means that they can be easily resized within any internet browser. To adjust your browser's settings to meet your requirements, follow these instructions:

Change colours

Change one of the options below to change the colour scheme or go back to the default website settings.

Portable Document Format

Most documents on this website are Portable Document Format (PDF). The advantage of a PDF is that it will always be presented consistently. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to open PDF files, and this can be downloaded for free.

Adobe has recently updated its free reader to include screen reading functionality.

Adobe also has a free online conversion tool for PDFs so people who have problems reading PDFs can convert them so that they appear as normal web pages or plain text.

Any links to PDF documents on this site will have this icon next to it Portable Document Format (PDF) icon

Where we know the file size we have included it after the PDF icon, for example Portable Document Format (PDF) icon (Adobe PDF file size 23kb)