# Mathematical vocabulary checklists: Reception to Year 6

### Reception

#### Counting and recognising numbers

#### Counting

numberzero, one, two, three… to twenty and beyond

zero, ten, twenty… one hundred

none

how many…?

count, count (up) to

count on (from, to)

count back (from, to)

count in ones, twos… tens…

more, less, many, few

odd, even

every other

how many times?

pattern, pair

guess how many, estimate

nearly, close to, about the same as

just over, just under

too many, too few, enough, not enough

#### Comparing and ordering numbers

the same number as, as many as

*Of two objects/amounts:*

greater, more, larger, bigger

less, fewer, smaller

*Of*

**three**or more objects/amounts:greatest, most, biggest, largest

least, fewest, smallest

one more, ten more

one less, ten less

compare

order

size

first, second, third… tenth

last, last but one

before, after

next

between

above, below

#### Adding and subtracting

add, more, andmake, sum, total

altogether

score

double

one more, two more, ten more…

how many more to make… ?

how many more is… than…?

take (away), leave

how many are left/left over?

how many have gone?

one less, two less… ten less…

how many fewer is… than…?

difference between

is the same as

#### Solving problems

Reasoning about numbers or shapespattern

puzzle

answer

right, wrong

what could we try next?

how did you work it out?

count, sort

group, set

match

same, different

list

**Problems involving 'real life' or money**

compare

double

half, halve

pair

count out, share out

left, left over

money

coin

penny, pence, pound

price

cost

buy

sell

spend, spent

pay

change

dear, costs more

cheap, costs less, cheaper

costs the same as

how much…? how many…?

total

#### Measures, shape and space

#### Measures (general)

measuresize

compare

guess, estimate

enough, not enough

too much, too little

too many, too few

nearly, close to, about the same as

just over, just under

#### Length

length, width, height, depth

long, short, tall

high, low

wide, narrow

deep, shallow

thick, thin

longer, shorter, taller, higher… and so on

longest, shortest, tallest, highest… and so on

far, near, close

#### Mass

weigh, weighs, balances

heavy/light, heavier/lighter, heaviest/lightest

balance, weight, scales

#### Capacity

full

half full

empty

holds

container

#### Time

time

*days of the week:* Monday, Tuesday…

day, week

birthday, holiday

morning, afternoon, evening, night

bedtime, dinnertime, playtime

today, yesterday, tomorrow

before, after

next, last

now, soon, early, late

quick, quicker, quickest, quickly

slow, slower, slowest, slowly

old, older, oldest

new, newer, newest

takes longer, takes less time

hour, o'clock

clock, watch, hands

#### Exploring patterns, shape and space

shape, pattern

flat

curved, straight

round

hollow, solid

corner

face, side, edge, end

sort

make, build, draw

#### 3D shapes

cube

pyramid

sphere

cone

#### 2D shapes

circle

triangle

square

rectangle

star

#### Patterns and symmetry

size

bigger, larger, smaller

symmetrical

pattern

repeating pattern

match

#### Position, direction and movement

position

over, under

above, below

top, bottom, side

on, in

outside, inside

around

in front, behind

front, back

before, after

beside, next to

opposite

apart

between

middle, edge

corner

direction

left, right

up, down

forwards, backwards, sideways

across

close, far, near

along

through

to, from, towards, away from

movement

slide

roll

turn

stretch, bend

#### Instructions

listenjoin in

say

think

imagine

remember

start from

start with

start at

look at

point to

show me

put, place

fit

arrange

rearrange

change, change over

split

separate

carry on, continue

repeat

what comes next?

find

choose

collect

use

make

build

tell me

describe

pick out

talk about

explain

show me

read

write

trace

copy

complete

finish, end

fill in

shade

colour

tick, cross

draw

draw a line between

join (up)

ring

cost

count

work out

answer

check

#### General

same number/s

different number/s

missing number/s

number facts

number line, number track

number square

number cards

counters, cubes, blocks, rods

die, dice

dominoes

pegs, peg board

same way, different way

best way, another way

in order, in a different order

not

all, every, each

- Next:Year 1

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