The National Archives
Search The National Archives
Advanced search
Empire & Industry 1750 - 1850

The face of Britain is transformed by the industrial revolution but our documents show as many protests as patents.

As the British Empire expands so our records grow to cover the furthest corners of the globe.

  • Podcasts

History by numbers

  • 17
    Luddites executed in York in January 1813
  • 222
    Number of crimes punishable by death in 1815
  • 9
    Hours a day children aged 9 to 13 are allowed to work under 1833 Factory Act
  • 404%
    Growth of population in Manchester (1801-51)
  • 2441
    Miles of railway in Britain by 1845