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06/02/2011
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A - Z & Glossary

Terms for 'C'

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  • CAF

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    • None

    The Common Assessment Framework. A standardised approach to conducting an assessment of a child's additional needs and deciding how those needs should be met. It can be used by practitioners across children's services.

  • CAMHS

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    Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. Provides high quality, multidisciplinary mental health services to all children and young people with mental health problems and disorders.

    Also see  ECM

  • Capital expenditure

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    Spending on building projects and equipment that is above a designated value.

  • Catchment area

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    A defined area around a school within which some admissions authorities give children priority.

    Also see  Cluster and Admissions authority

  • Chair of governors

    The role of the chair includes running meetings, working with the head of the school and ensuring the governing body's affairs are conducted in accordance with the law.

    Also see  Governor

  • Charging for activities

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    • None

    In general, no charge can be made for transport, admissions, or educational visits during school hours. The local authority or governing body may not charge for anything unless it has drawn up a statement of general policy on charging.

  • Chartered London Teacher

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    A status launched in September 2004 to recognise and reward the skills and expertise of London teachers.

    Also see  London Challenge

  • Child protection

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    The Children Act 1989 places a general duty on social services to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, and enquire when there is concern a child may be suffering or is suffering harm. Child protection is the general term commonly used to describe work with children who have been identified as suffering or at risk of suffering significant harm – in other words, children requiring protection from harm.

  • Children Act

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    Provides the legislative framework for private and public law relating to children and families. Private family law covers parental responsibility (what it means and who may have it) and the role of the courts in resolving disputes. Public law deals with the duties and powers of local authorities in protecting and promoting the welfare of children.

  • Children in care

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    • None

    Refers to

    • all children being looked after by a local authority
    • those subject to a care order under section 31 of the Children Act 1989
    • those looked after on a voluntary basis through an agreement with their parents under section 20 of the Children Act 1989.

  • Children 'in need'

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    According to the Children Act 1989, a 'child in need' may be

    • disabled
    • unlikely to have, or to have the opportunity to have, a reasonable standard of health or development without services from a local authority, or
    • unlikely to progress in terms of health or development without services from a local authority.

    Also see  ECM and SEN

  • Children's Commissioner

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    The Office of the Children's Commissioner is an independent organisation set up by Parliament as part of the Children Act 2004 to look after the interests and act as the voice of children and young people.

  • Children's Fund

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    A programme that provides funding for child protection schemes and support networks. It focuses on developing services that support multi-agency working, including services that identify children showing early signs of difficulty. The aim is to prevent children falling into drug abuse, truancy, exclusion, unemployment and crime, and to raise aspirations and prevent underachievement.

  • Citizenship

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    A statutory subject at Key Stages 3 and 4. The three inter-related components that should run through all education for citizenship are

    • social and moral responsibility
    • community involvement
    • political literacy.

    Also see  PSHE

  • City academies

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    A former name for academies.

    Also see  Academy

  • CLC

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    • None

    City learning centre. A facility providing state-of-the-art ICT-based learning opportunities for pupils at the host school, for pupils at a network of surrounding schools, and for the wider community.

    Also see  ICT and EiC

  • Cluster

    A group of schools, normally geographically close together, which is subject to an initial projection of pupil numbers.

  • Cohort

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    Pupils are banded together into a cohort defined by their year group or ability.

  • Collective worship policy

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    All maintained schools provide daily collective worship for registered pupils (apart from those who have been withdrawn by their parents). This is usually provided within a daily assembly. The Department provides a model policy that schools can use as a template when devising their collective worship policy.

  • Community

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    This includes not only pupils, staff and governors, but also people in the wider community, for example parents and carers, suppliers, local organisations and businesses.

  • Community cohesion

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    All maintained schools have a statutory duty to promote community cohesion, which is defined as the working towards a society where

    • there is a common vision and sense of belonging by all communities
    • the diversity of people’s backgrounds and circumstances is appreciated and valued
    • similar life opportunities are available to all
    • strong and positive relationships exist and continue to be developed in the workplace, in schools and in the wider community.
  • Community school

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    Are very similar to former county schools. The local authority employs the school staff, owns the school's land and buildings, and is primarily responsible for admissions arrangements.

    Also see  Community

  • Comprehensive school

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    A secondary school for pupils of all abilities.

  • Consultations

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    Consultations involve the public in the process of government policy making. From the Department’s e-consultations website you can respond to open consultations, or view the results of archived ones.

  • Core subjects

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    English, mathematics and science are the subjects that must be studied by all pupils at every key stage. Progress is assessed through National Assessment tasks and tests.

    Also see  Foundation subjects and National Curriculum

  • CPD

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    Continuing professional development. For school staff, this is achieved through a balance of personal and professional development, attendance at nationally accredited courses and small-scale school-based activities.

  • CPS

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    The common pay scale. The starting point for teachers' salary scales.

  • CRB

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    Criminal Records Bureau. A body that provides checks on a prospective employee's background, referring to records held by police, DH and DfE.

    Also see  List 99

  • CTC

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    City technology college. A free, independent secondary school sponsored by the private sector. The aim of CTCs was to offer pupils in urban areas the opportunity to study a curriculum geared towards the world of work. Fifteen CTCs were opened in the 1980s and 1990s; most have now converted to academies.

    Also see  Academy and ICT

  • CTF

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    Common transfer file. When pupils transfer schools, the CTF is used to ensure specific information about the pupil is transferred from the old to the new school.

    Also see  ICES

  • Cyberbullying

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    An aggressive, intentional act repeatedly carried out by a group or individual using electronic forms of contact, against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself.

  • CYPP

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    Children and young people’s plan. A local authority's strategic plan for children's education and social services, covering all services from Sure Start to 16-to-19 education policy.