Use GIS where possible
To be able to analyse the data and start developing spatial options, all data that can be geographically / spatially referenced should be mapped using geographic information systems (GIS).
A geographic information system (GIS) integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analysing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information.
Using GIS software packages, data can be referenced as points, lines, surfaces or volumes. It can be mapped in layers and viewed, understood, interrogated, interpreted and visualized in many ways, to reveal relationships, patterns and trends. The data can be presented in different forms, including maps, globes, reports and charts.
You can use other software packages or media alongside GIS for mapping or presenting data. However, you need to establish a basic GIS database and maintain it throughout the life of the project (including delivery) so that it becomes a lasting repository of the spatial information about the area.