2010 will be a pivotal year for housing standards. We know from our work around the country that many local authorities are looking at setting their own standards for their local area.
Evidence and research
What is currently in place?
Mapping existing housing standards describes the standards currently applied to housing. This report reviews the Code for Sustainable Homes, Lifetime Homes, Secure by Design, Building for Life and the Building Regulations Approved Documents. It gives their history and development. It contains a table showing the extent and overlap of the standards.
Mapping space standards for the home is a series of graphs comparing space standards commonly used for homes in England and Ireland over the last 60 years, including the latest proposals, out for consultation. This illustrates where different organisations’ standards vary by dwelling size and occupancy levels. It describes which standards have been applied to public and/or private sector homes and where they derived from.
What is the wider impact of space standards in our homes?
Space standards: the benefits is a literature review of the evidence of the benefits of minimum floor space standards for new homes. It traces the evolution of housing space standards. It explores the impact of dwelling space on health and wellbeing, family life, educational attainment and housing market stability.
What we are getting from the market now?
Dwelling size survey is a study of the space provided in 200 typical houses and flats and reveals that there is a particular problem with two bedroom flats and houses designed to accommodate four people, with well over 80 per cent of them falling below the proposed standards. This measures the Gross Internal Area and Net Internal Area, the provision of utility and storage space and additional measures such as notional corridor space. The 200 represent commonly used housing types analysed by the number of bed spaces in each. It suggests a simple consistent methodology to measure areas in dwellings.
What can we learn from sample sites?
Applying housing standards – London case studies is a study which compares five proposals for housing schemes in London against the London Housing Design Guide and the London Density Matrix. It then illustrates how four schemes could be redesigned to make them compliant with the proposed new standards for the capital.
- The value of housing design and layout
Demonstrating a way of measuring the economic dividends of investing in high quality housing design and layout.
- Space in new homes: what residents think
This research summary supports the case for more space in private homes, to ensure that they are functional, flexible and fit for purpose.
- What it's like to live there: the views of residents on the design of new housing
Presenting the findings of CABE's research into what residents think about the design, character, environment and sense of community in new housing developments across England.
- A sense of place: what residents think of their new homes
Research exploring the implications of residents' views for those involved in the delivery of new homes, including developers, local authorities and policymakers.
- Housing audit 2004: London, the South East and East of England
The first phase of a nationwide audit of new build housing, covering London, the South East and East of England.
- Housing audit 2005: North East, North West and Yorkshire and Humber
Summarising CABE's audit of design quality in new private housing developments across the north of England, with recommendations on how to raise design standards.
- Housing audit 2006: East Midlands, West Midlands and the South West
Uncovering disturbing evidence about the quality of some schemes, but also highlighting inspiring examples of what good design can achieve.
- Affordable housing survey
The first national survey of the design quality of affordable housing.
- Design review-ed: urban housing
Urban housing projects reviewed by CABE's design panel, with case studies that illustrate how higher densities and high design standards can be compatible.
- Winning housing designs: lessons from an Anglo French housing initiative
Reflecting on the experiences of two housing associations in London that used a team of French and British architects to create high-quality affordable housing.
- Internal housing space standards in England and Italy: comparing the ‘conditions’ of regulation (Nick Gallent, Manuela Madeddu, Alan Mace - Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors, 2010)
Historical timeline for the application and impacts of space standards since Parker Morris.
- The density debate: a personal view (Christine Whitehead - East Thames Housing Group, 2008)
Perceptions of housing density and their economic and social consequence
- Housing space standards: a report for the GLA (Andrew Drury - HATC , 2006)
National and International trends in dwelling sizes, mechanisms for setting standards. A discussion of implementation issues for housing standards and short impact assessment
- Why do people buy new build housing? Preferences, quality and choice in new-build housing (Leishman, C et al - Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2004)
Investigation of relative importance house buyers attach to price, location and property size and how they trade them off to arrive at a final choice of property.
- Room to swing a cat: measured study of the amount and use of space in new dwellings in London and the South East (Andrew Drury - HATC, 2010)
The report analyses the GIA and NIA, number of bedrooms, design occupancy, the provision of utility and storage space, and additional measures such as notional corridor space.
- Improving housing quality: unlocking the market (Royal Institute of British Architects, 2009)
Summary of evidence on current housing quality, with critique of techniques such as Design Codes, charettes or permitted development rights.
- Residents’ views of new forms of high density living (Joanne Bretherton and Nicholas Pleace - Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2008)
A review of whether new high density developments can provide an affordable, attractive place to live
- Unaffordable housing fables and myths (Evans, Alan W and Hartwich Oliver Marc - Policy Exchange, 2005)
A study highlighting that Britain has amongst the oldest and pokiest houses in Europe living in crowded and dense cities, not a crowded and urbanised country
- Bigger, better, faster, more: Why some countries plan better than others (Evans, Alan W and Hartwich Oliver Marc - Policy Exchange, 2005)
A study of the housing and planning systems in Germany, Switzerland, Ireland and Australia - all four considered to have similar demand side issues to Britain
- Crowded house (Shelter, 2004)
Report demonstrating the scale of the overcrowding problem, and calling for the introduction of a ‘bedroom standard’
- Perceptions of privacy and density in housing (Design for Homes, 2003)
Findings of research into impact of design on people’s perceptions of privacy and what this reveals about their preferences for community and high density housing.