04. Does the development have easy access to public transport?

A bus in the village at Caterham

PPS 3 (housing): Local planning authorities should consider if a development: ‘Is easily accessible and well-connected to public transport.’

Proximity to good public transport and facilities (see criterion 1) is essential in reducing the number of car journeys and making a place more accessible to a variety of groups. An effective way of achieving this is to
link new housing into existing transport infrastructure, such as a railway station, tram route or bus service.

This will vary from place to place. Environmentally friendly travel plans, car pooling, car clubs and other management-led solutions should be considered as part of an overall car strategy. For smaller developments, public transport connections within a 400-metre radius or five-minute walk would be sufficient.

In 2006 28 per cent of all adults in the UK did not hold a full driving license. 25 per cent of all adults lived in a household with no car.
DfT, 2006.

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The 20 Criteria

Environment & community
Streets, parking & pedestrianisation
Design & construction
Does the development provide (or is it close to) community facilities, such as a school, parks, play areas, shops, pubs or cafes?

Further reading

  • Better places to live: a companion guide to PPG 3 (DT LR and CABE, 2001); p27
  • Urban Design Compendium 2 (English Partnerships and Housing Corporation, 2007); p33