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Year 2 Block D – Calculating, measuring and understanding shape

The focuses of mathematics learning within this block are:

  • Mental calculations: adding and subtracting 1-digit number or multiple of 10 to/from a 2-digit number
  • Informal written calculations: adding and subtracting 1- and 2-digit numbers
  • Following and giving instructions for movement using mathematical language
  • Solving problems involving numbers, money, measures or time
  • Estimating, comparing and measuring lengths, weights and capacities
  • Using units of time and reading time to the quarter hour
  • Reading scales and interpreting the divisions
The objectives for the block are listed in the table – the right hand column indicates how the objectives might be addressed in the units
Objectives Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication or division in contexts of numbers, measures or pounds and pence tick tick tick
Add or subtract mentally a one-digit number or a multiple of 10 to or from any two-digit number; use practical and informal written methods to add and subtract two-digit numbers tick tick tick
Estimate, compare and measure lengths, weights and capacities, choosing and using standard units (m, cm, kg, litre) and suitable measuring instruments tick tick tick
Read the numbered divisions on a scale, and interpret the divisions between them (e.g. on a scale from 0 to 25 with intervals of 1 shown but only the divisions 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 numbered); use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimetre tick tick tick
Use units of time (seconds, minutes, hours, days) and know the relationships between them; read the time to the quarter hour; identify time intervals, including those that cross the hour tick tick tick
Recognise and use whole, half and quarter turns, both clockwise and anticlockwise; know that a right angle represents a quarter turn   tick tick
Follow and give instructions involving position, direction and movement tick tick  


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  • Year 2 Block D – Calculating, measuring and understanding shape