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# Year 2 Block D – Calculating, measuring and understanding shape

## The focuses of mathematics learning within this block are:

• Mental calculations: adding and subtracting 1-digit number or multiple of 10 to/from a 2-digit number
• Informal written calculations: adding and subtracting 1- and 2-digit numbers
• Following and giving instructions for movement using mathematical language
• Solving problems involving numbers, money, measures or time
• Estimating, comparing and measuring lengths, weights and capacities
• Using units of time and reading time to the quarter hour
• Reading scales and interpreting the divisions
The objectives for the block are listed in the table – the right hand column indicates how the objectives might be addressed in the units
Objectives Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication or division in contexts of numbers, measures or pounds and pence
Add or subtract mentally a one-digit number or a multiple of 10 to or from any two-digit number; use practical and informal written methods to add and subtract two-digit numbers
Estimate, compare and measure lengths, weights and capacities, choosing and using standard units (m, cm, kg, litre) and suitable measuring instruments
Read the numbered divisions on a scale, and interpret the divisions between them (e.g. on a scale from 0 to 25 with intervals of 1 shown but only the divisions 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 numbered); use a ruler to draw and measure lines to the nearest centimetre
Use units of time (seconds, minutes, hours, days) and know the relationships between them; read the time to the quarter hour; identify time intervals, including those that cross the hour
Recognise and use whole, half and quarter turns, both clockwise and anticlockwise; know that a right angle represents a quarter turn
Follow and give instructions involving position, direction and movement