Evidence and Analysis Series
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs places research and analysis at the heart of policy-making.
Defra’s economists, statisticians and social and operational researchers work as an integral part of the policy process to answer some of the key questions facing our society: How should we prepare for climate change? How can we safeguard environmental resources for future generations whilst still meeting the needs of today? How can we adequately value the goods and services provided by the natural environment in decision making?
The Defra Evidence and Analysis Series, launched in 2010, brings the Department’s research and evidence base to a wider audience, creating the basis for discussion with the academic, business and policy-making community.
Paper 1: Adapting to Climate Change: Analysing the Role of Government
This paper sets out how a number of barriers to adaptation (market failures, behavioural barriers, adaptive capacity, natural capacity) may affect adaptation decisions, and provides a framework for considering the Government’s role and identifies implications for policy design. It also identifies the priority areas for future research on the economics of adaptation.
Paper 2: Economic Growth and the Environment
This paper explores the complex relationship between the natural environment and economic growth, including the importance of the environment in supporting and enabling economic activity and the different drivers that affect environmental quality as the economy grows. It makes the case for sustainable economic growth, managing the use and provision of natural assets in a way that ensures their availability for future generations. Finally, it identifies the range of policy responses the government can use to enable this shift to a sustainable economy, and the potential opportunities and economic impacts in the near- and long-term.
- Economic growth and the environment (PDF 400 KB)
- Defra response to peer review comments (PDF 700 KB)
Evidence and Analysis Back Series
The Evidence and Analysis Back Series brings together some of the most important research and evidence from Defra social science that pre-dates the launch of the Evidence and Analysis Series.
- Making The Right Choices For Our Future – An Economic Framework For Designing Policies To Reduce Carbon Emissions (PDF 900KB)
March 2009, Defra and DECC
- A framework For Pro-Environmental Behaviours
January 2008, Andrea Collier, Kirsten Reeves, Philip Stamp, Rachel Muckle, Defra
- The Impact of Biofuels on Commodity Prices
April 2008, Simone Pfuderer, Maria del Castillo, Economics Group, Defra
- Understanding Behaviours In A Farming Context (PDF)
November 2008, Tony Pike, Defra
- An Introductory Guide To Valuing Ecosystem Services (PDF)
December 2007, Helen Dunn, Defra
- Change In The Area And Distribution Of Set-Aside In England And Its Environmental Impact (PDF)
June 2007, Defra Agricultural Change and Environment, Observatory Research
- Climate Change Instruments: Areas Of Overlap And Options For Simplification (PDF 500KB) (Consultation; National Archives website)
December 2007, Mallika Ishwaran, Federica Cimato, Defra
- The Social Cost Of Carbon And The Shadow Price Of Carbon: What They Are, And How To Use Them In Economic Appraisal In The UK
December 2007, Richard Price, Simeon Thornton and Stephen Nelson, Economics Group, Defra
- Cumulative Impact Of Forthcoming Regulatory Proposals On The Economics Of Farming (PDF)
December 2006, Mary Holland, Defra
- Food Security and the UK: An Evidence and Analysis Paper (PDF)
December 2006, Colin Smith, Philip Earl, Food Chain Analysis Group, Defra
- Quantifying And Valuing Ecosystem Services (PDF)
September 2006, Prashant Vaze, Helen Dunn, Richard Price, Defra
The Department has a number of pieces of research under development and, on occasion, will place earlier drafts here as Discussion Papers. This will allow fellow analysts and policymakers, as well as those in the academic and business communities, to provide views on emerging research.
- Understanding and Influencing Behaviours: a review of social research, economics and policy making in Defra (PDF, 2MB)
February 2010, Andrea Collier, Andrew Cotterill, Tim Everett, Rachel Muckle, Tony Pike and Amy Vanstone, Defra
Page last modified: 10 March 2010
Page published: 26 February 2010