Experiences of poverty and educational disadvantage - Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2007)
This study summarises the findings from the first eight projects in the JRF's Education and Poverty programme and looks at the experiences of children from different backgrounds and their attitudes to education.
The findings include:
- Low income is a strong predictor of low educational performance
- White children in poverty have on average lower educational achievement and are more likely to continue to under-achieve. Boys are more likely to have low results than girls, especially those of Bangladeshi, Pakistani and black African origin.
- Many children and young people who become disaffected with school develop strong resentments about mistreatment (such as perceived racial discrimination).
The study concludes:
'...the relationship between poverty and low achievement at school is part of a wider cycle in which family disadvantage is passed on from one generation to the next. Closing the opportunity gap in education is an important part of combating long-term causes of disadvantage. Yet it cannot be seen in isolation from other features of disadvantage. Some of these need to be brought into an analysis of why it is that children in poverty have worse chances at school.'
The eight projects in the Education and Poverty programme
- A child's-eye view of social difference
This participatory study explores children's views of social difference, with children guiding the research focus themselves.
- A review of research on the links between education and poverty
This study provides a framework of research literature to aid examination of the links between poverty and educational attainment in the UK.
- Children researching links between poverty and literacy
This study examines education and poverty from children's own perspective, focusing on reading and writing proficiency as a potential route out of poverty.
- Educational relationships outside school
This study examines the role of educational relationships in out-of-school activities and their impact on young people's learning.
- Mapping the alternatives to permanent exclusion
This study investigates the programmes provided for young people permanently excluded, or at risk of permanent exclusion from school.
- School exclusions: Learning partnerships outside mainstream education
This study describes how mentors and teachers work with students who have been permanently excluded from school, taking into account poverty and multiple disadvantage.
- The impact of poverty on young children's experience of school
This study examines the extent to which poverty impacts on younger children's experience of school, focusing on life in primary schools in Northern Ireland.
- Tackling low educational achievement
This study on low educational achievement surveyed existing research and analysed national data for England. This research aims to understand the large number of factors associated with low achievement.