Anti-racist Education in 'White' Areas: the limits and possibilities of change
Chris Gaine (2000)
Race Ethnicity and Education 3 (1), 65 - 81.
Gaine divides the geography of multicultural Britain into four types of place: mixed, white isolated, white adjacent and white peripheral.
He describes the racism existing in Britain on four interdependent levels: structural, institutional, cultural and personal.
He analyses the possibility for anti-racist change at each level and within each kind of area, and suggests that within education, reflective practice is the only method through which students' and teachers' racist outlooks will change.