These two powerpoint presentations focus on a range of issues concerning the use of disciplinary exclusion in schools. A brief outline of the content of each presentation is provided separately below. Teaching Points and notes have been provided for each slide. To view these notes, SAVE the PowerPoint presentation and view slide 'outline'.
These powerpoints are one part of a larger resource intended to promote teacher trainees' understanding of the causes of disproportionate rates of exclusion amongst Black pupils. Other resources in this series include a workshop session for use with teacher trainees on diversity and behaviour management and a research report that explores how this issue is covered within ITE programmes. Links to these other resources are also provided below.
Power point presentation 1: Supporting the inclusion of excluded pupils
This power point presentation is intended to raise teacher trainees' awareness of the barriers to learning faced by pupils involved in school exclusion processes who have experienced a combination of behaviour management strategies in addition to recorded exclusion. These pupils are disproportionately from low attaining and more socially and educationally disadvantaged groups, and teacher trainees are encouraged to consider what can be done within the classroom to support their inclusion. Specific issues covered include:
- Irregular attendance and the need for personalised planning
- Professional attitudes towards pupils with behavioural needs
- Inclusive teaching styles and learning environments
- Inter-professional communication
- The role of the Teaching Assistant
Quotations that are used to illustrate points made on the slides are taken from: Gazeley, L. (2008), Disciplinary exclusion and social class; school processes and inequitable outcomes, (Unpublished DPhil thesis).
PowerPoint Presentation 2: Disciplinary exclusion: issues for practice
In this presentation the term disciplinary exclusion refers to the range of strategies used within schools to manage and sanction the behaviour of a minority of pupils. It includes not only recorded exclusion but also internal exclusion and alternatives to exclusion. The presentation begins by encouraging teacher trainees to consider how inclusion and exclusion can be defined. Five further slides focus on concerns that have been raised in academic research and at policy level about the use of recorded exclusion in schools: the disproportionate exclusion of Black pupils; gender inequalities; Hard-to-place pupils; intergenerational educational disadvantage; support for parents involved in disciplinary processes.
The presentation concludes with four questions for further discussion:
- What is the relationship between disciplinary exclusion and low attainment?
- To what extent is an increased risk of exclusion an indicator of poor parental experiences of education?
- Are there school practices that increase the risk of disaffection and disciplinary exclusion?
- What is the relationship between educational inequalities and social inequalities?
University of Sussex