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Report of the The Bloody Sunday Inquiry
- Volume VI - Chapter 91



The layout of this part of the city

Chapter 91: The layout of this part of the city

91.1 Glenfada Park lay to the west of Rossville Street and the Rossville Flats. It was divided into two courtyards, known as Glenfada Park North and Glenfada Park South. To the west of Glenfada Park was Abbey Park, and to the north Columbcille Court.

91.2 Glenfada Park North consisted of a courtyard surrounded by buildings on four sides. To the north a row of garages separated Glenfada Park North from Columbcille Court. On the eastern side was a three-storey block of maisonettes. The block was approximately 45 yards long. To the south of the eastern block was an access road into Rossville Street. On the south side of Glenfada Park North were the yards of the northern block of Glenfada Park South. Again, this was a three-storey block of maisonettes. On the western side of the courtyard was another block similar to that on the eastern side. The western side of the west block faced onto Abbey Park.

91.3 Running down the centre of the courtyard (in a roughly north–south direction) was an island on which a row of four trees had been planted. The trees were still present on Bloody Sunday although they are absent from many photographs taken at a later date. Along the east, west and south sides of the courtyard car park spaces were marked with white painted lines.

91.4 The eastern block of Glenfada Park North faced outwards onto Rossville Street. On the side facing into Glenfada Park North, a balcony ran the length of the block. In front of the balcony was a series of two-storey brick structures, attached to the main block at ground level. Between each of these structures was a wooden fence and gate, giving access to the residents’ yards. The eastern block, viewed from Glenfada Park North, is shown in the photograph below. This photograph was not taken on Bloody Sunday and does not show all the fencing.

91.5 On the south side of Glenfada Park North was a wooden fence, about 30 yards long, which bordered the yards of the maisonettes of the northern block of Glenfada Park South. Gates in the fence gave access to the yards. A pavement ran along the north side of the fence. The northern block of Glenfada Park South was joined to the western block of Glenfada Park North by a walkway at first floor level. The fence and the walkway can be seen in the photograph below.1

1 The provenance of this photograph is uncertain, as we discuss elsewhere in this report (Chapter 176).

91.6 The western block of Glenfada Park North was of similar construction to the eastern block. It is seen in the background in the photograph below, which was taken from the Rossville Street entrance on the south-east side.

91.7 There were entrances to Glenfada Park North from all four corners. There were two pedestrian entrances leading from the south of Columbcille Court; one in the north-east corner of Glenfada Park North and one in the north-west. A walkway ran at first floor level along the top of the garages that separated Columbcille Court from Glenfada Park North. The entrances ran underneath the walkway. They are shown in the photograph below.

91.8 The north-east entrance could be reached directly from Columbcille Court or from Rossville Street. The photograph above shows a ramp leading from the ground to the first floor of the eastern block of Glenfada Park North. An alleyway running parallel with the ramp led from Rossville Street to Columbcille Court, giving access to the north-east entrance into Glenfada Park North. It was also possible for a pedestrian to walk between the ramp and the north gable end of the eastern block of Glenfada Park North, going underneath the walkway at the top of the ramp and turning left into Glenfada Park North.

91.9 The north-west entrance can be seen in the photograph below. As we have noted earlier, this photograph was taken from Columbcille Court; the photographer was looking southwards into Glenfada Park North. This photograph also shows the wooden fence that bordered the yards on the south side of Glenfada Park North.

91.10 The access road from Rossville Street is seen in the photograph below, which was not taken on Bloody Sunday. The access road was in the south-east corner of Glenfada Park North. The photograph was taken from the west side of Glenfada Park North. Blocks 1 and 2 of the Rossville Flats can be seen immediately behind the access road.

91.11 Pedestrian access from Glenfada Park North to Glenfada Park South was also possible at the south-east corner of Glenfada Park North. The photograph above shows part of the ramp that led to the first floor of Glenfada Park South. The photograph below shows the pedestrian entrance on the west side of that ramp.

91.12 At the south-west corner of Glenfada Park North it was possible to walk underneath the walkway that joined the northern block of Glenfada Park South to the western block of Glenfada Park North. It was then possible to turn left into Glenfada Park South or to go straight on to Abbey Park.

91.13 We describe Abbey Park later in this report.1

1 Chapter 106

91.14 Many of the witnesses referred simply to Glenfada Park in their evidence. Unless noted otherwise, these references were to Glenfada Park North.