Control of MAP in milk
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a bacterium that is the cause of a chronic gastrointestinal infection called Johne’s disease in cattle, and other ruminants.
There have been claims that it also causes Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of humans that can be severe, prolonged and debilitating. However, experts differ in their opinion on such a link and worldwide there is no consensus.
The results of an FSA-commissioned survey which found MAP in approximately 2% of pasteurised milk on retail sale were presented to the Advisory Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food in September 2000. As a result of the ACMSF's discussions and those of an expert group of stakeholders convened by the Agency, a strategy to control MAP in milk at all stages of the food chain has been produced and can be accessed via the link below.