The Role and Responsibilities of FSTD Standards
UK airline operators, training organisations and flight training centres use flight simulators, known as Flight Simulation Training Devices (FSTDs), as a highly effective and economical method of training, testing and checking aircrew.
In regulatory terms, there are four types of FSTD:
Full Flight Simulator (FFS)
Flight Training Device (FTD)
Flight Navigation Procedures Trainer (FNPT)
Basic Instrument Training Device (BITD)
In order to operate an FSTD for the purposes of providing accredited training to flight crew, the device must be shown to comply with the appropriate regulatory requirements. A Qualification Certificate will be issued to devices meeting those requirements. Additionally, a User Approval is required for training to be undertaken in the device to comply with pilot licensing and operational requirements.
The FSTD Standards team is responsible for the qualification of all levels of Flight Simulation Training Devices (FSTDs) based within the UK for both aeroplanes and helicopters.
FSTD Standards also undertakes evaluations, and qualifies FSTDs around the world to support training within UK Type Rating Training Organisations (TRTOs) and under contract through the auspices of CAAi.
FSTD Qualification is based upon an investigation to establish that a device complies with the technical standards and quality system requirements of the current regulatory standards in JAR-FSTD A (Aeroplane Flight Simulation Training Devices) and JAR FSTD-H (Helicopter Flight Simulation Training Devices).
FSTD Standards provides ongoing oversight of the device and the simulator operator by way of recurrent technical evaluation of the device, quality system assessment and periodic audits as defined within the regulatory requirements.
FSTD Standards also issues User Approvals, as defined in the aircraft operational requirements, to Full Flight Simulators and FTDs as necessary to eligible organisations to support training (typically UK airlines and TRTOs).