The saving for the average energy saving lightbulb (CFL) is derived from Carbon Emissions Reduction Target (CERT) savings and an average electricity price of 12.96p/kWh. The higher figure reflects the saving from exchanging brighter or higher use bulbs and is an average of the savings achieved by exchanging a 60W incandescent with a 15W CFL (and 1,100 hours of use per year) and replacing a 100W with a 20W CFL (and 770 hours of use per year).
Replacing lamps of lower wattages or usage will give lower savings, though reductions in lighting electricity consumption of the order of 75% - 80% should still be expected.
Savings assume replacing an average appliance purchased new in 1998 with an Energy Saving Recommended model of similar size and an electricity cost of 12.96p/kWh.
|Appliance||EU Energy rating||Saving a year (up to)||CO2 saving a year (up to)|
|Fridge freezer||A+ or A++||£36||140 kg|
|Upright/ Chest Freezer||A+ or A++||£22||80 kg|
|Refrigerator||A+ or A++||£12||45 kg|
|Integrated digital televisions||(no EU label for TV's)||£7||24 kg|
Electrical appliances and lighting in the home give out heat when they are switched on or are on standby. In the case of incandescent lighting, about 95% of the electricity is wasted as heat with only 5% being used to provide light.
Most lights and appliances are situated in heated living spaces, where some of the energy they consume contributes to the warmth of the building. If the waste heat they emit is reduced through design improvements, the temperature inside the building can only be maintained by adding heat from another source such as a heating system. This effect is known as the Heat Replacement Effect.
Using your lighting and appliances to heat your home, for instance when you may have gas central heating, is not recommended. Electricity is typically three to four times more expensive than natural gas (12.96p/kWh versus 3.80p/kWh) and emits more than twice as much CO2 for each unit of energy used (0.543kgCO2/kWh versus 0.204kgCO2/kWh).
Where appropriate, adjustments to account for the Heat Replacement Effect have been made in our calculations. For instance, our lighting, appliances and standby savings incorporate reductions to account for the potential increase in space heating that may be required when more energy efficient products are installed. This is the reason for the slight reduction in savings compared to previous figures.
The costs and paybacks shown are approximate, are provided for illustrative purposes only and are based on a gas heated semi-detached house with 3 bedrooms. The savings are the same as those used for CERT and we assume a gas price of 3.80p/kWh.
The savings also include a reduction factor for an effect known as 'comfort taking'. This is where a householder experiences a lower saving than could actually be achieved because they opt for a more comfortable living environment - this could be by leaving the heating on for longer than they need. The saving shown is therefore an average which includes this reduction, you could save more by making sure your heating controls are set correctly for the new needs of your insulated home.
Installed costs and paybacks assume that installation is undertaken by a professional installer and both loft and cavity wall insulation costs include a subsidy which can be obtained under CERT. The total, unsubsidised cost of installing either loft or cavity wall insulation is typically around £500.
A variety of grants and offers are available from the government, local authorities and energy suppliers.
|Measure||Cavity Wall Insulation||Internal Wall Insulation¹||External wall Insulation²||
Energy Saving Recommended
|Annual saving (£/yr)||Around £115||Around £380||Around £400||Around £135|
|Installed cost £||Around £250||£5,500 - £8,500||£10,500 - £14,500|
|Installed payback||Around 2 years||-||-|
|Annual CO2 saving||Around 610kg||Around 2 tonnes||Around 2.1 tonnes||Around 720kg|
|Measure||Loft insulation (0-270mm)||Loft insulation (50-270mm)||Floor insulation³|
|Annual saving (£/yr)||Around £150||Around £45||Around £50|
|Installed cost £||Around £250||Around £250|
|Installed payback||Around 2 years||Around 6 years|
|DIY cost||£250 - £350||£200 - £300||Around £100|
|DIY payback||2 - 3 years||5 - 7 years||Around 2 years|
|Annual CO2 savings||Around 800kg||Around 230kg||Around 270 kg|
|Measure||Draught proofing||Filling gaps between floor and skirting board||Hot water tank jacket||Primary pipe work insulation (visible hot water pipes)|
|Annual saving (£/yr)||Around £25||Around £20||Around £35||Around £10|
|Installed cost £||Around £200|
|Installed payback||Around 8 years|
|DIY cost||Around £100||Around £20||£12||Around £10|
|DIY payback||Around 4 years||Around 1 year||Less than 6 months||Less than 1 year|
|Annual CO2 savings||Around 130 kg||Around 110 kg||Around 190 kg||Around 60 kg|
¹Assumes insulating to a U-value of 0.45 W/m²K.
²Assumes insulating to a U-value of 0.35 W/m2²K.
³Floor Insulation represents the cost of the insulation only.
The savings for the condensing boiler upgrade are for changing from an old G rated boiler to an A rated condensing boiler and a full set of heating controls. Savings shown are approximate and are provided for illustrative purposes only, and are based on a gas heated semi-detached house with 3 bedrooms. Savings assume a gas price of 3.80p/kWh.
|Measure||Annual saving (£/yr)||CO2 saving a year|
|Condensing boiler upgrade and heating controls upgrade||Up to £235||Around 1,300 kg|
|Fuel||Gas||Oil||LPG||Coal||Electricity (heating Economy 7)||Electricity (standard rate)|
|Average price (pence/kWh)||3.80||3.87||6.79||3.63||7.69||12.96|
|Carbon dioxide factor (kgCO2kWh)||0.204||0.246||0.214||0.269||0.543||0.543|
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