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Crime Reduction Toolkits

Rural Crime

Crime - Let's bring it down
 
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Toolkit Index

Recorded Crime

Most police forces have an element of both rural and urban areas, to varying degrees. 1991-census information has been used to group forces into seven bands depending on their ‘urbanness’.

Urbanness is defined as the proportion of the population living in areas with at least 20,000.

The forces contained in each of these groups, together with their Urbanness rating, are as follows;

Degree Of Urbanness

90-100% - 4 forces:
  • W Mids (99%),

  • MPD/City (99),

  • Gtr Man (97),

  • Mersey (97).

80-90% - 3 forces:
  • Cleveland (83%),

  • Northumbria (81),

  • Herts (81).

70-80% - 8 forces:
  • W Yorks (80%),

  • Lancs (79),

  • S Yorks (79),

  • Notts (77),

  • S Wales (76),

  • Surrey (74),

  • Staffs (72),

  • Cheshire (72).

60-70% - 14 forces:
  • Kent (70%),

  • Hants (68),

  • Sussex (68),

  • Essex (68),

  • Humbs (67),

  • Beds (66)

  • Dorset (67),

  • Derbys (65),

  • Gwent (65),

  • Leics (65),

  • Avon & Som (65),

  • Thames V (65),

  • Warwicks (65),

  • Northants (61).

50-60% - 3 forces:
  • W Mercia (53%),

  • Durham (52),

  • Glos (50).

40-50% - 6 forces:
  • Cambs (46%),

  • Devon & Corn (42),

  • Wilts (42)

  • Norfolk (42),

  • Cumbria (41),

  • Suffolk (40).

<40% - 4 forces:
  • N Yorks (35%),

  • Lincs (33),

  • N Wales (29)

  • Dyfed-Powys (10)

The linked table shows the percentage changes in recorded crime for the twelve months to March 2000 compared with the previous twelve months for each of the bands.

Click here for the table “Recorded Crime by ‘Urbanness’ Groupings of Forces”

The main points from this table are:

  • Total recorded crime has fallen in forces with less than 40% urbanness. These might be considered as the only genuinely rural forces, even though up to 35% of the population actually live in urban areas.

  • Dyfed-Powys, the most rural force, recorded a 3.6% fall, and there were also falls in North Yorkshire (-3.2%) and Lincolnshire (-1.1%).

  • North Wales’ increase of 1.7 per cent was still less than half the England and Wales rate of 3.8 per cent.

  • Theft and burglary have fallen in all the force groupings except the most urban (i.e. 90-100%).

  • Within theft, thefts of and from vehicles have also fallen in all groups except the most urban. The largest percentage falls are however not in the most rural but in the more urban groups (70-80% and 80-90%).

  • Violence against the person and robbery has risen in all force groups, but sexual offences have fallen in the more rural ones.

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