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Safer Schools and Hospitals


Introduction to the Issues

This section of the toolkit introduces Crime Reduction Toolkits and the issues covered in the Safer Schools and Hospitals Toolkit. It includes:

Technical information

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Information about this toolkit

The aims of this toolkit

This document is a practical guide to help you understand the reasons that crimes and incidents occur in your site or building. It will also provide information on how to tackle these problems through design or management of your premises.

The guide provides a step-by-step approach on how to:

Navigation: overview Step 3: Modelling Surveillance Step 5: Developing a Strategy Step 6: Implementation Step 1: Gathering Data Step 2: Walking the Site Step 4: Assessing Risk
  1. Gather crime data
  2. Identify vulnerabilities by walking the site
  3. Model surveillance: identify areas that are overseen or well-used and areas that are hidden from view
  4. Assess which risks are most immediate
  5. Develop long and short term strategies to address the problems
  6. Implement the strategies

The diagram above, other similar diagrams on the site, can be used to navigate through each step. You can also access all the pages in this toolkit by looking at the Related Links column on the right.

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There is also a detailed series of check lists and reference materials to support your evaluation.

Intended audience

This guidance is aimed at primary and secondary schools and hospitals, although many of the techniques and principles will be appropriate to other readers, especially those working in other educational, healthcare facilities or public buildings.

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The way in which the environment can influence the likelihood of crimes and incidents occurring is principally through the design of buildings and spaces. This is the principle at the heart of 'crime prevention through environmental design' (CPTED). Crime prevention measures can either be physical measures to strengthen the building or measures that improve the design of the facility itself to discourage criminal behaviour.

For the public buildings discussed in this report, there are a series of typical issues that need consideration when looking at factors that influence crime and antisocial behaviour. These are:

  • Controlling access between public and private spaces

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  • Surveillance

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  • Site management

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  • Crime generators

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For further information on CPTED see the the DOCA website or the CPTED website

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Crimes and Incidents

For more information on crimes that occur on educational and health sector premises, please visit the following websites:


Bullying, truancy, violence and aggression in schools:

Safety and security in hospitals:


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Last update:  15 April 2005