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Using the 5Is for evaluation a list of interview themes for

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Feedback from projects tackling domestic burglary can be extremely useful in understanding the generators behind domestic burglary and how offenders respond to the specfic interventions used to tackle crime. This is espically true when individual studies can be pieced together to form a sufficient body of evidence. However for this to be possible, the research must all follow a certain structure.

Title: Using the 5Is for evaluation a list of interview themes for practitioners
Authors: Andrew Kent, Home Office Research, Statistics & Development Directorate
Series: IPAK Evidence Base
Number of pages: 4
Date published: March 2006
Availability: Download full report PDF file PDF 52Kb

This paper attempts to set out a number of research questions that roughly seek to explore the following issues:

  1. What was the underlying background problem characteristics resulting in domestic burglary?

  2. What approaches were used to tackle this?

  3. How were approaches carried out and what problems were overcome?

  4. What was the result of action taken against domestic burglary offences?

The framework that has been chosen to answer this question uses the 5Is framework proposed by Paul Ekblom, formerly a researcher at the Home Office. The 5Is is a knowledge management framework designed to assist practitioners to improve their performance of crime prevention, by helping them select and replicate good practice appropriate to their needs and circumstances. It helps them to accurately follow the underlying principles and practical details of (properly-evaluated and documented) preventive action, yet to adapt it for different contexts. As such, it sees practitioners as intelligent, professional consultants rather than narrow technicians or amateurs. The 5Is follows the stages of the preventive process, namely Intelligence, Intervention, Implementation, Involvement (of the community) and Impact. It is by no means the only approach that can be used to explore these questions; rather it has evolved from a body of frameworks that achieve this in differing ways (SAR(I)A , PROCTOR , CAPRA ).

One of the first questions that one may have is why bother to use a framework at all? The answer to this is that without a framework, information supplied requires a greater level of processing to make sense of at a higher level (imagine trying to complete a jigsaw puzzle of 500 pieces, then try to complete one of 100,000 pieces – the resulting picture may be the same but the time taken in the later case is vastly greater). Additionally, without a systematic framework one of the following scenarios may take place.

  1. Unable to replicate (as do not understand enough about how the project worked).

  2. Do not know where best to apply the project (was there a clear link between the underlying project and the intervention used?).

  3. It is unclear what impact the project had (there was not enough data collected on whether the project was associate with positive or negative outcomes).

  4. It is unknown whether the approach was cost affective – i.e. in a time of limited financial resources were millions of pounds piled into decreasing crime by one per cent or did a minimal financial input result in a large reduction of crime (hence more readily applicable as an crime prevention approach)?

  5. Lessons from experienced problems were not learnt (if a description does not describe how negative outcomes were approached then these will continue to reappear; forewarned is forearmed!).

  6. Run out of funds and support from other agencies – project does not describe how it planned to sustain the project over a long period of time, and consequently ensure that the positive impact of the project was maximised.

The framework proposed on the following page is the first step in an evolutionary process. Through use of this framework it is highly probably that a number of research question gaps emerge. One’s feedback on these question gaps is useful to refining the framework and ensuring that the framework remains relevant to supporting the need for good practice on tackling domestic burglary.

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Last update: Wednesday, April 18, 2007