Department of Energy and Climate Change

The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan

The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan

The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan front cover
The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan

The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan plots out how the UK will meet the cut in emissions set out in the budget of 34% on 1990 levels by 2020. A 21% reduction has already been delivered – equivalent to cutting emissions entirely from four cities the size of London.

Transforming the country into a cleaner, greener and more prosperous place to live is at the heart of our economic plans for Building Britain’s Future and ensuring the UK is ready to take advantage of the opportunities ahead.
By 2020:

  • More than 1.2 million people will be in green jobs
  • 7 million homes will have benefited from whole house makeovers, and more than 1.5 million households will be supported to produce their own clean energy
  • Around 40% of electricity will be from low carbon sources, from renewables, nuclear and clean coal
  • We will be importing half the amount of gas that we otherwise would
  • The average new car will emit 40% less carbon than now. 

The Transition Plan is the most systematic response to climate change of any major developed economy, and sets the standard for others in the run up to crucial global climate talks in Copenhagen in December. 

You can order hard copies of the Low Carbon Transition Plan through The Stationary Office (TSO).


Ed Miliband's video announcement of the UK Low Carbon Transition Plan


Video transcript

Analytical Annex: The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan Size: [1.18 MB] File Type: [.PDF]

Related documents


The Renewable Energy Strategy

Following a major consultation exercise in 2008, we have now published our Renewable Energy Strategy and Executive Summary (below). This strategy sets out how we all have a role to play in promoting renewable energy, from individuals to communities to businesses.

Alongside the Renewable Energy Strategy document, we have also published a suite of impact assessments and supporting analytical consultancy reports. The main consenting bodies for renewable energy and environmental statutory consultees have also published a joint statement setting out their collective commitment to achieve greater renewable energy deployment.
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The UK Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 Size: [3.82 MB] File Type: [.pdf]

The Low Carbon Industrial Strategy (LCIS)

The Government's LCIS, published alongside the UK Low Carbon Transition Plan, presents a series of active government interventions to support industries critical to tackling climate change. It puts workers and businesses in the UK at the forefront of massive global opportunity by targeting key industries and regions where the UK has competitive or commercial advantage.

This document is available on

Low Carbon Transport - A Greener Future

The Government's strategy, published alongside the UK Low Carbon Transition Plan, sets out how to reduce carbon emissions from domestic transport over the next decade.

This document is available on

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The Government's response to the Phase 1 consultation is below.

More detailed information is available on the Severn Tidal Power section of this website 

Consultation on Renewable Electricity Financial Incentives

This consultation runs from 15 July 2009 to 15 October 2009 and seeks views on two mechanisms to provide financial incentives for the generation of low-carbon and renewable electricity; the renewables obligation (RO) and feed-in tariffs (FITs).

The consultation documents, including impact assessments can be found in the consultation section of this site

The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan Emissions Projections

The Low Carbon Transition Plan Emissions Projections are based on the series of updated energy and emissions projections that DECC publish each year. These projections are presented on the net UK carbon account basis and include all policies and measures announced in the Transition Plan and the charts and tables that appear throughout the Plan and Analytical Annex are drawn from these projections. Previous projections were published alongside the Carbon Budgets announcement at Budget 2009.

Further information including the individual emission tables is available in the Energy Emissions and Projections page of this site.

UK Low Carbon Transition Plan Emission Projections Size: [466 KB] File Type: [.pdf]

Frontier Economics Report: Alternative policies for assessing other means of low carbon innovation

Carbon Valuation

The approach to carbon valuation in Government has undergone a major review, concluded in July 2009. The new approach moves away from a valuation based on the damages associated with climate change impacts, instead using as its basis the cost of mitigating emissions.

As part of the process of reviewing its carbon valuation methodology, DECC invited comments from expert academics in this area. Peer review comments were received on an early draft of the explanatory note describing the proposed revisions. To help Government economists finalise the appropriate methodology for valuing carbon in UK policy appraisal, peer reviewers were asked for their thoughts on the document as a whole or on any issues arising. These, and the response by Government economists, are published here.

The Carbon Valuation UK Policy Appraisal, the 7 Peer Reviews and the Government's response to the Peer Reviews are below:

Peer Review: Paul Johnson Size: [302 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
Peer Review: Paul Ekins Size: [120 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
Peer Review: Paul Watkiss Size: [75 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
Peer Review: Kirk Hamilton Size: [45 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
Peer Review: Frank Ackerman Size: [236 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
Peer Review: Dieter Helm Size: [79 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
Peer Review: Andrew Sentance Size: [18 KB] File Type: [.pdf]
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