Stage removed from
The deep geology was considered unlikely to meet the identified geological requirements, or the site had an environmental status that would be likely to rule out development.
The site was not in public ownership, and the private owner was not known or not thought likely to make it available.
The site was too small to accommodate the development of an underground repository.
A more detailed evaluation of the deep geology than conducted at Stage 1 indicated that the geological and hydrogeological characteristics might be less favourable than for the remaining sites.
'The site was outside the best 3 or 4 in each hydrogeological category when evaluated against a range of criteria, covering radiological safety, geology, socio-economic and environmental issues, repository design concepts and transport.
The site was not the most promising to be carried forward into a manageable shortlist (of nine) for more detailed multi-attribute decision analysis.
Review of 1987-1991 Site Selection for an ILW/LLW Repository (638K)
Document Date: 2005
Description of Sites NC/88/40 (638K)
Document Date: 1988
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related to waste management.
On 10 June 2005, Nirex published an historic short-list of sites, compiled during the 1980s as possible locations for a radioactive waste repository.
The programme of which this was part was eventually abandoned in 1997, but the list of sites has not been previously published. There is currently no such site selection exercise being undertaken in the UK. If and when a new site selection exercise is needed in the future this old list will not form the starting point of such a process.
At the same time Nirex also published details of the site selection process that lead to the old short-list, including the names of those sites that were considered at earlier stages of the process and subsequently ruled-out. The list was made public following agreement between Nirex, Government and the Devolved Administrations following changes to freedom of information provisions that came into effect earlier in 2005.
Commenting on the release of the list, Nirex Managing Director Chris Murray said:
"Radioactive waste exists and needs to be dealt with whether or not there is any programme of new build in the UK. Dealing with the waste is as much an ethical and social issue as a scientific and technical one. This is the key lesson we have learned from the past. Openness and transparency must underpin everything that is done in this area. We hope that the publication of the list, following consultation with our stakeholders, will help to move the debate away from past attempts to tackle this issue and on to the new process, led by the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM), in which we would encourage everyone to get involved. Many things have changed since this old list was drawn up, but what has not changed is that the waste still exists and needs to be dealt with in a safe, environmentally sound and publicly acceptable way for the long-term. Responsibility lies with this generation to ensure this is done".
The most recent attempt to implement a deep geological repository to manage intermediate and low-level wastes ended with a refusal in 1997 from the Secretary of State for the Environment to allow the construction of an underground Rock Characterisation Facility (RCF) at a site chosen close to the Sellafield works. This led to the Initiation of the Government's "Managing Radioactive Waste Safely" programme, and the decision to set up the independent Comittee of Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM) to provide a recommendation on the best option or combination of options for managing the UK's higher activity radioactive waste in the long term.
CoRWM reported in July 2006. Site selection is not part of its remit. Government will not begin to consider a new site selection process again until 2007/8, when it has received and had time to assess CoRWM's recommendations on the best option, or options, to take forward.
The historic list of short-listed sites, (not in ranked order) is:
- Bradwell, Essex
- Potton Island, Essex
- Dounreay, Caithness, Scotland
- Altnabreac, Caithness, Scotland
- Fuday, Western Isles, Scotland
- Sandray, Western Isles, Scotland
- Killingholme, South Humberside
- Offshore - East (serviced by Redcar Port)
- Offshore - West (serviced by Hunterston Port)
- Sellafield, Cumbria (two locations)
- Stanford, Norfolk