This website is a global hub for debate for the London Summit. As the Summit draws closer we're highlighting contributions to this global conversation from around the world - including in local languages.
We're concentrating on the debate in countries whose economies have a strategic part to play in restoring the world economic system. But we need a balanced debate. So we're also highlighting the debate in all countries that are significantly affected by this global crisis.
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Since 2003 Argentina started a process of strong growth that has averaged nearly 9% in the last 5 years. For 2008, growth is expected at around 5%.
Almost two decades of continuous economic growth, a low unemployment rate and a strong banking system - the result of a series of structural and policy reforms - have left Australia well placed in the face of a global economic downturn.
Brazil has the tenth-largest economy in the world. It is a diversified middle income economy, but with wide variations in development levels.
Canada’s major industries are automobile manufacturing, pulp and paper, iron and steel work, machinery and equipment manufacturing, mining, extraction of fossil fuels, forestry and agriculture.
China is the world's third-largest economy. Its economy grew by 9% in 2008. Its trade surplus in 2008 was $295 billion. China holds the world's largest stock of foreign exchange reserves, at over $1.9 trillion.
The Czech Republic is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-communist states. Economic growth has been driven, in particular, by high levels of foreign direct investment, domestic consumer spending, and Czech exports.
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is an economic development program of the African Union. NEPAD was adopted at the 37th session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in July 2001 in Lusaka, Zambia.
France’s major industries are aerospace, automotive, pharmaceuticals, industrial machinery, food and drink and tourism.
Germany is the world’s largest exporter and the second largest importer. It is also the UK’s second largest export market worldwide, after the US.
Economic reforms have placed India firmly on the path of sustained economic growth, needed to alleviate poverty and allow India to claim its place as a global economic power.
Economic growth has been above 5% in the past five years. Real GDP grew by 6.3% in 2007, the fastest rate since the Asian financial crisis of 1997-98.
Italy’s economic strength is in the processing and manufacturing of goods, primarily in small and medium sized family-owned firms. Major industries include precision machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
Following fiscal and monetary stimuli in the 1990s, Japan’s economy has experienced an expansion lasting as long as the longest previous expansion, which ended in 1970.
Mexico's economy is the world’s thirteenth largest: about the same size as South Korea's and Russia's. It is a free market economy, with a mix of services, industry and agriculture.
The Netherlands' prosperous and open economy is noted for stable industrial relations, moderate unemployment and inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub.
From 1999 to 2008, the economy benefited from strong growth, averaging about 7% per annum. This growth was accompanied by budget surpluses (4% in 2008), allowing the Russian government to accumulate reserves of almost $600bn.
Saudi Arabia has applied to join the World Trade Organisation and is in the process of negotiating the terms of its entrance. Saudi Arabia has the largest proven oil reserves in the world and is by a long way the largest exporter of oil.
South Africa is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources and a stock exchange that is 17th largest in the world.
The Republic of Korea was ranked the 13th largest economy in the world in terms of GDP in 2006. The Republic of Korea's main industries are steel, shipbuilding, automotive, electronics and machinery.
Spain has the eighth largest economy in the world. Spain's per capita income is higher than the European average. It is a very open economy, with one of the lowest public debt/GDP ratios amongst advanced economies.
Thailand is Southeast Asia's 2nd largest economy, with exports playing a key role in its growth. While still a major player in rice and other commodities, it has diversified into manufacturing and other industries. It is currently Chair of ASEAN.
Turkey's major industries are automotive, textiles, iron and steel, clothing and electrical machinery. Its government has maintained tight fiscal policies and pushed through structural reforms.
The UK has the fifth largest economy in the world and is a leading global trading nation. London is the world's leading financial services centre on a number of key performance indicators.
The United States of America is the leading industrial power in the world. It has a highly diversified and technologically advanced economy.
- Egypt - Ghada Mohamed
- Pakistan - Mohd Jamil Nasir
- Cameroon - Francis Menjo Baye
- Brazil - Martin Fortis
- Pakistan - Muhammad Saqib Aziz
Vietnam - Minh Duc Luu
Key to map pins
- Purple - G20 countries
- Red - Summit invitees
In your language
We've translated some of our content. Follow the global conversation in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Spain, Saudi Arabia or Turkey in Global update.
لندن اعلی سطحی کانفرنس
African perspectives and recommendations to the G20
- Brazil - The future of human beings is what matters
Russia - Proposals to the London Summit April 2009
- Spain - Posición de España
- Thailand - Thai Government priorities for the London Summit
Turkey - Civil society recommendations to the London Summit
London Summit top stories
Milestones along the road to the London Summit
Grumpy old bankers join the London Summit debate
Barroso hails 'spirit of convergence' at Brussels summit
Open University launch London Summit debate
Business leaders urge G20 to seal trade deal and avoid protectionism
African leaders lay out demands for London Summit
Summit agenda includes poor countries - Douglas Alexander on Yoosk
EU leaders converge on Brussels for pre-Summit council meeting
- British Embassy in Seoul and South Korea's biggest newspaper launch G20 London Summit online debate site
African Perspectives/ Recommendations to the G20
The Committee of African Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors established to monitor the crisis report, 'Impact of the crisis on African economies - Sustaining growth and poverty reduction.'
Yu Ping, vice chair of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade says 'China is in the middle of industrialisation and urbanisation. The momentum of development is still very strong, but domestic demand has a very big potential to be tapped. There can be many, many opportunities.'
Get more views from business on the London Summit.
South African Finance Minister, Trevor Manuel says the global financial downturn means many African countries are finding their financial circumstances 'a heck of a lot worse … World leaders must conclude the trade round and counteract the temptation to protectionism. We must take collective decisions about our collective future.'
Get more views from Africa on the London Summit.
Foreign Secretary roundtable interview
In his latest of his series roundtable discussions, David Miliband was interviewed by senior journalists from Australia, South Africa, Spain and Turkey.