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Iraq

Updated:  03/10/07


The UN Security Council adopted resolution 1483 on 22 May 2003. The resolution contained, amongst other things, the following measures: lift of all trade and financial sanctions against Iraq except for the arms embargo; freeze of all Government of Iraq funds and all funds belonging to Saddam Hussein, senior members of his regime and their immediate family members (as designated by the UN Sanctions Committee), and requirement that such funds be transferred to the Development Fund for Iraq; prohibition on the trade of cultural property stolen from sites in Iraq and requirement that such property be repatriated.

We have implemented these measures in the UK by adopting an Order in Council SI 2003/1519 (http://www.legislation.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2003/20031519.htm). The asset freeze provisions will not change until the UN Iraq Sanctions Committee has decided whose assets should be frozen and transferred to the Development Fund for Iraq. In the meantime, the Bank of England's Financial Sanctions Unit will continue to licence debits from blocked Iraq accounts, including transfers of funds abroad, and will provide guidance on residential status.


SOURCE
UN

INSTRUMENT
SCR 661 (6/8/90)

MEASURES
  • Ban on all exports from Iraq and imports to Iraq (with specified exemptions)
  • Assets Freeze (with specified exemptions)
UK LEGISLATION
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) Order 2000 (SI 2000/3241) as amended by SI 2001/3649, The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) Order (SI 2003/1347) and SI 2003/1519;
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Overseas Territories) Order 2000 (SI 2000/3242) as amended by The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Overseas Territories) (Amendment) Order 2001 (SI 2001/395), SI 2001/3649,SI 2003/1347 and SI 2003/1516;
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Isle of Man) Order (SI 2000/3245), as amended by The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Isle of Man) Order 2000 (SI 200/3245, SI 2001/3649, SI 2003/1347 and SI 2003/1522;
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Channel Islands) Order 2000 (SI 2000/3244), as amended by SI 2003/1347 and SI 2003/1521.
EU IMPLEMENTATION
  • Declaration 56/90(4/8/90)
  • EC Regulation 3541/92 (10/12/92)


SOURCE
UN

INSTRUMENT
SCR 1483 (22/5/03)

MEASURES
  • lifts all trade, financial and flight sanctions from Iraq, but leaves the arms embargo in place.
  • imposes financial sanctions upon Government of Iraq funds and any funds belonging to Saddam Hussein, senior members of his regime and their immediate family members. The UN Sanctions Committee established under resolution 661 (1990) is to publish a list of targets for these measures. These funds are to be frozen and, unless they are the subject of prior legal judgements, to be transferred to the Development Fund for Iraq.
  • calls upon States to take steps to return to Iraq illegally removed Iraqi cultural property, including by imposing a ban on the trade in such property.
  • Calls for the termination of the UN Sanctions Committee established under resolution 661 (1990) on 21 November 2003.


EU IMPLEMENTATION
  • Common Position 2003/495/CFSP (7 July 2003) as amended by Common Position 2003/735/CFSP (13 October 2003)
  • EC Regulation 1210/2003 (7 July 2003) as amended by EC Regulation 1799/2003 (13 October 2003), Commission Regulation (EC) No 1087/2005 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1286/2005


UK LEGISLATION
The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) Order 2003 (SI 2003/1519).
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Overseas Territories) Order 2003 (SI 2003/1516).
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Channel Islands) Order 2003 (SI 2003/1521).
  • The Iraq (United Nations Sanctions) (Isle of Man) Order 2003 (SI 2003/1522).
  • The UK operates a number of destination-specific controls which prohibit, without a licence, exports of certain dual-use goods to Iran and Iraq. Details of the goods covered are listed in the Dual-Use items (Export Control) Regulations 200 0, as amended.


SOURCE
UN

INSTRUMENT
SCR 1518 (24/11/03)

MEASURES
Establishes a new UN Sanctions Committee to continue to identify and publish a list of targets subject to the measures imposed under resolution 1483 (2003).

UK LEGISLATION
The Export Control (Iraq and Ivory Coast) Order 2005 (SI 2005/232).



SOURCE
UN

INSTRUMENT
SCR 1546 (8/6/04)

MEASURES
  • leaves the arms embargo in place, with new exemptions for arms and related material required by the Government of Iraq or the multinational force to serve the purposes of the resolution.
  • passes all rights, responsibilities and obligations relating to the Oil for Food Programme to the Government of Iraq, including ensuring independently authenticated confirmation that goods have been delivered.
  • leaves in place the financial sanctions upon former Government of Iraq funds and any funds belonging to Saddam Hussein, senior members of his regime and their immediate family members.
Restrictions on the export of strategic goods.


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