Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers
Publications
otter All publications can be obtained in printed form from The Enquiry Service, English Nature, Northminster House, Peterborough PE1 1UA

Ecology of Species of European Importance

These documents consist of the results of a recent review of relevant literature, research work, expert opinion and field observations by a range of recognised experts, and have been subject to extensive peer review.

1. Ecology of the White-clawed Crayfish, Austropotomobius pallipes
2. Ecology of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel, Margaritifera margaritifera

3. Ecology of the Allis and Twaite Shad, Alosa alosa and A. fallax
4. Ecology of the Bullhead, Cottus gobio

5. Ecology of River, Brook and Sea Lamprey, Lampetra fluviatilis, L.. planeri and Petromyzon marinus
6. Ecology of Desmoulin's Whorl Snail, Vertigo moulinsiana
7. Ecology of the Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar
8. Ecology of the Southern Damselfly, Coenagrion mercuriale
9. Ecology of the Floating Water-plantain, Luronium natans

10. Ecology of the European Otter, Lutra lutra
11. Ecology of Watercourses Characterised by Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion Vegetation


crayfish

Monitoring Protocols

The protocols are based on the ecological requirements of the species and have been designed following a review of available survey techniques and monitoring programmes. The documents suggest survey methodologies and monitoring protocols for use in condition assessment of SAC (Special Areas of Conservation) rivers.

1. Monitoring the White-clawed Crayfish, Austropotomobius pallipes
        Field Testing in River Eden Tributaries, Summer 2002
        White-clawed Crayfish Habitat Survey Form
        White-clawed Crayfish Recording Form
2. Monitoring the Freshwater Pearl Mussel, Margaritifera margaritifer
3. Monitoring the Allis and Twaite Shad, Alosa alosa and A. fallax
4. Monitoring the Bullhead, Cottus gobio
5. Monitoring the River, Brook and Sea Lamprey, Lampetra fluviatilits, L. planeri and Petromyzon marinus
        Sampling Methodologies for Adult Sea, River and Brook Lamprey in SAC Rivers
6. Monitoring Desmoulin's Whorl Snail, Vertigo moulinsiana
7. Monitoring the Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar
8. Monitoring the Southern Damselfly, Coenagrion mercuriale
9. Monitoring the Floating Water-Plantain, Luronium natans

10. Monitoring the Otter, Lutra lutra
11. Monitoring Ranunculus fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion Vegetation Communities

 

mussel

Developing techniques to address key conservation issues

Several issues have been identified that are potential barriers to achieving favourable conservation status. These include the historical impacts of past river engineering, the impact of siltation from agriculture, the loss of native crayfish from certain rivers and the low reproductive success of the freshwater pearl mussel.

Reintroducing the White-clawed Crayfish
Reintroducing the White-clawed Crayfish to the River Lathkill, July 2000- March 2002
Conservation of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel:
        1 Captive Breeding Techniques
        2 Relationship with Salmonids
Identifying Lamprey: A Field Key for Sea, River and Brook Lamprey

Otter Breeding Sites: Conservation and Management
Geomorphological Audit of the River Wylye
Developing River Conservation Strategies: Model Guidance for River Special Areas of Conservation
Siltation in Rivers:
       A Review of Monitoring Techniques
       A Minimum Monitoring Strategy for Two cSAC Rivers
       Integrated Assessment Procedure
       Reducing Diffuse Pollution to Rivers: A Protocol for Identifying Best Management Practices
       Reducing Diffuse Pollution to Rivers: A Dictionary of Best Management Practices

River Borgie

River Conservation Strategies

Conservation strategies have been produced for seven SAC rivers in the UK. These strategies show how the statutory conservation and environment agencies have developed objectives for the conservation of habitats and species, and drawn up action plans with their local partners for achieving favourable conservation status for their rivers.

River Avon cSAC Conservation Strategy
River Kerry cSAC Conservation Strategy
River Moidart cSAC Conservation Strategy
River Borgie cSAC Conservation Strategy
The Endrick Water cSAC Conservation Strategy
River Eden cSAC Conservation Strategy
Afon Teifi cSAC Conservation Strategy