1215: Signing of the Magna Carta
Magna Carta sealed by King John. This set the founding principles for parliament and constitution. It defined rights, legal practices and 'good lordship' - what subjects could expect from their monarch and superiors.
1295: Model Parliament
Summoned by Edward I and generally regarded as the first representative assembly.
1341: Separation of Commons and Lords
Commons meet separately from the Lords for the first time.
1407: Commons given power over taxation
1414: Full equality of Common and Lords on legislation
1415: First Serjeant at Arms, Nicholas Maudit, appointed
1512: Lords meet in the Parliament chamber
1523: First known request by a Speaker for free speech (Speaker Thomas More)
1536: Wales first represented in the House of Commons
1544: Term 'House of Lords' first used
1605: Gunpowder plot
1642: King Charles I enters the Commons chamber
King Charles I attempts to arrest five leading Members of the Commons for treason. The Speaker voices his allegiance to Parliament rather than the monarch.
1649: House of Lords abolished
During Oliver Cromwell's Commonwealth.
1660: Monarchy restored
House of Lords resumes.
1681: Last time Parliament met outside London
Parliament met in Oxford for one week.
1688-89: Glorious Revolution and Bill of Rights
Established the constitutional monarchy and limited the power of the sovereign over Parliament.