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Useful Links

The following websites represent some of the many online information resources dealing with South East European issues. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office London is not responsible for the contents or reliability of the linked websites and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Listing shall not be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all of the time and we have no control over availability of the linked pages.

Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Black Sea Economic Cooperation
A regional economic organisation aiming to make the Black Sea area one of cooperation and prosperity.

Central European Initiative
Strengthening economic cooperation in the countries of Central Europe and encouraging the processes of European integration and post-Communist economic transformation.

Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) Europa South East Information Centre
Based in Brussels, the Centre for European Policy Studies is an independent policy research institute founded in 1983 to produce ‘sound policy research leading to constructive solutions to the challenges facing Europe’. Publications available on the ESE Information Centre website include the Europa South East Monitor, working documents and commentaries from leading academics in the field.

Council of Europe
The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation, comprising 41 democratic countries of Europe, which aims to protect human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law; to promote awareness and encourage the development of Europe’s cultural identity and diversity; to seek solutions to problems facing European society (discrimination against minorities, xenophobia, intolerance, environmental protection, human cloning, Aids, drugs, organised crime, etc.); to help consolidate democratic stability in Europe by backing political, legislative and constitutional reform. The website has information on the CoE’s activities in the Balkans region.

Government of the Republic of Croatia.

Department for International Development (DFID)

Department for International Development
www.dfid.gov.uk DFID is responsible for promoting development and the reduction of poverty overseas. The site outlines UK policy, provides access to research papers and provides project evaluation reports for the practical assistance that the department funds.

Information on UK technical assistance programmes in the region.

Economic Reconstruction and Development in South East Europe (European Commission / The World Bank)
This European Commission / World Bank website aims to provide ‘a real-time working tool to help donors identify the current situation in South East Europe and the macroeconomic needs of the countries.’ It also seeks to provide an additional way for donors to coordinate their assistance and ensure that the countries of the region that were most affected by the 1999 crisis in Kosovo have access to adequate and complementary external financing.

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
Leads a number of assistance projects in the region.

European Investment Bank (EIB)
Includes information on infrastructure projects in the Balkans.

European Stability Initiative (ESI)
The European Stability Initiative is a non-profit think-tank focusing on South Eastern Europe.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in the Balkans
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an 'impartial, neutral and independent organisation whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance'. The ICRC has played a pivotal role in assisting thousands of refugees and detainees of the Kosovo and earlier Balkans conflicts return to their homes, and in reuniting families.

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
The International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia was established by UNSCR 827 in May 1993 with the aim of prosecuting those responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law in the territory of Former Yugoslavia since 1991. The former President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic, was indicted, together with four other senior Serbs, by the ICTY for war crimes in May 1999. All public court proceedings at the Tribunal, based in The Hague, can be followed on the ICTY website.

Government of the Republic of Macedonia.

Useful information on Operation Amber Fox (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), SFOR, and KFOR, all under 'Issues'.

NATO's Role in Kosovo
The NATO website provides an historical overview of NATO's involvement in Kosovo, background to its air campaign - Operation Allied Force – between 26 March-10 June 1999, and details on the deployment of the international security force mandated by the United Nations Security Council – the Kosovo Force (KFOR). KFOR has its own website at: http://www.kforonline.com/

Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Office of the High Representative (OHR) is the chief civilian peace implementation agency in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement designated the High Representative to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement in Bosnia and Herzegovina on behalf of the international community. The High Representative is also tasked with coordinating the activities of the civilian organisations and agencies operating in the country. The Dayton Agreement and information on implementation are available on the OHR website.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
The OECD is involved in various programmes in SE Europe, including within the Stability Pact on eg the Investment Compact and the Anti-Corruption Initiative.

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
The OSCE, a regional security organisation with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America, is a primary instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation under Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations. The Eighth OSCE Ministerial Council in Vienna in November 2000 adopted the Vienna Declaration on the role of the OSCE in South-Eastern Europe. OSCE Missions operate in Croatia, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina. There is an OSCE ‘Presence’ in Albania and a Spillover Monitor Mission to Skopje.

South East European Co-operation Process (SEECP)
Political co-operation process initiated by SE European countries, including the Western Balkans states, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece and Turkey.

Serbia and Montenegro (The state union of)
The state union of Serbia and Montenegro Federal Secretariat of Information website.

Southeast European Co-operative Initiative (SECI)
Initiative for co-operation in SE Europe, including on economic and justice and home affairs issues.

Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe
The Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe was adopted in Cologne on 10 June 1999. It is a political declaration of commitment and a framework agreement on international cooperation to develop a shared strategy among more than 40 countries, organisations and regional groupings for stability and growth in South Eastern Europe. The website provides background information, official documents, and a calendar of Stability Pact events.

The EU & South Eastern Europe
EU External Relations (South East Europe)
The aim of the European Union is ‘to create in South-Eastern Europe a situation in which military conflict will become unthinkable and thereby to expand to South-East Europe the area of peace, stability, prosperity and freedom which the 15 Member States have created in the last 50 years.’ In the last decade the European Union has been at the forefront in bringing this about. The European Commission website provides an overview of EU policy towards the region, together with latest news, details of EU assistance to each country, and its own comprehensive list of links.

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): South East Europe
UNHCR is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the worldwide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems. The violent dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia resulted in population movements on a scale unprecedented in Europe since the Second World War. UNHCR works closely with Governments and other partners, within the framework of the Peace Implementation Council and the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe to find durable solutions for the refugees, and to promote peace and security in the region.

UN Peacekeeping Operations
The United Nations has several ongoing operations in the South East Europe region. The UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH), set up in 1995, exercises a wide range of functions related to the law enforcement activities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka, Croatia (UNMOP) was established in January 1996 to take over from the United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation (UNCRO) the task of monitoring the demilitarisation of the Prevlaka peninsula, a strategic area disputed by Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 10 June 1999, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1244 authorising the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) to begin the process of building peace, democracy, stability and self-government in the province. To achieve this goal, UNMIK acts as the transitional administration for the region. All operations have their own dedicated websites.