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Conflict Prevention Pools

In 2001 following a series of cross-cutting reviews to improve the Government's approach to and effectiveness of conflict prevention activity across departments, two conflict prevention 'pools' were created. These brought together the knowledge, skills and resources of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), Ministry of Defence (MOD) and Department for International Development (DFID). Initially, each department put in funds from their own budget, with the Treasury providing additional resources. Today the Pools bid for money alongside their parent departments in each Governmental Spending Round. There are two Pools: one Pool for sub-Saharan Africa (the Africa Pool, chaired by the Secretary of State for International Development) and one for the rest of the world (the Global Pool, chaired by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs). The Pools have a unique funding arrangement specifically voted by parliament for conflict prevention and reduction. For 2004/05 the allocation for the Africa Pool is £60 m (rising to £67.5 m by 2007/08) and for the Global Pool is £74 m per annum. These figures relate to programme costs, not administration. The Pools also finance peacekeeping and other operations, which are funded annually by Parliament in accordance with expenditure forecasts.

The UK government strongly believes that through a process of team-working across these departments (FCO, MoD and DfID), from policy formulation to programme delivery, a more strategic and cost effective approach to conflict reduction can be realised. Activities of the Pools seek to harness the expertise available within these government departments across a wide range of sectors including development, security reform, public administration, good policing and equitable justice systems.

The text of a paper 'The Causes of Conflict in Africa' and more information about the operation of the Africa Pool can be found on the website of the Department for International Development. DFID: Africa. Find out more about the Africa Pool:
PDF UK Sub-Saharan Strategy for Conflict Prevention  (PDF, 99K)

When the Global Pool was established in April 2001 Ministers agreed strategies for eight priority areas, four geographical and four functional. It is a testament to the flexibility of the forward-looking nature of the Pool system, that since its inception priorities have changed. Some strategies have been removed and others have been added. The addition of strategy for Iraq in August 2003 and the formation of a joint Latin American, Caribbean and Belize/Guatemala Strategy in August 2004, brings the number of strategies for 2004/05 to 14 (11 geographical and 3 functional).

Read more about the Conflict Prevention Pools...

To find out more about conflict prevention contact:

Conflict Prevention Team
Conflict Issues Group
International Security Directorate
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
King Charles Street
London SW1A 2AH
Tel: 020 7008 2491
Fax: 020 7008 3910

You can also send an e-mail to: Global.Pool.Enquiries@fco.gov.uk

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