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Flag of Yugoslavia
BASIC INFORMATION

Full Country Name: Serbia and Montenegro


Map of Serbia and Montenegro
(Formerly the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)
Capital City: Belgrade (and Serbia); Podgorica (Montenegro)
Area: 102,350 sq.km (Serbia: 88,412 sq.km; Montenegro: 13,938 sq.km)
Population: 8.3m (2002 estimate – not including Kosovo); 10m (including Kosovo)
Serb (63%), Albanian (14%), Montenegrin (6%), Other (including Hungarian, Croatian, Roma) (17%)
Population of Serbia (not including Kosovo): 7.5m (2002 census)
Population of Montenegro: 650,000 (2002 estimate)
Major Languages: Serbian, Albanian, Hungarian
Major Religions: Serbian Orthodox (dominant), Islam, and Roman Catholicism
Currency: Dinar in Serbia, EURO in Montenegro
Major Political Parties:
Serbia: Democratic Party (DS), Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS), Civic Alliance (GSS), Social Democratic Party (SDP), New Democracy (ND), Democratic Alternative (DA), Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), Serbian Radical Party (SRS), League of Vojvodina Social Democrats (LSV), G17 Plus
Montenegro: Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS), Social Democratic Party (SDP), Liberal Alliance (LS), Socialist People's Party (SNP), People's Party (NS), Serbian People's Party (SNS)
Government: Serbia and Montenegro Parliament of 126 members, 91 Serbian, 35 Montenegrin
Head of State: Svetozar Marovic (DPS)
Heads of Republic: Serbia: Natasa Micic (acting President); Montenegro: President Filip Vujanovic
Prime Ministers/Premiers: Serbia: Zoran Zivkovic (DS); Montenegro: Milo Djukanovic (DPS)
Foreign Minister: Goran Svilanovic (GSS)

Membership of International Organisations: United Nations (UN), Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Council of Europe (C0E), European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Stability Pact, South-Eastern Co-operation Initiative (SECI), Central European Initiative (CEI), South Eastern Europe Co-operation Process (SEECP), Danube Commission, Initiative for Danube Co-operation, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank.

GEOGRAPHY

The state union of 'Serbia and Montenegro' is made up of two Republics – Serbia and Montenegro.

Since June 1999, Kosovo, a province of Serbia, has been under the administrative control of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). Please see separate entry for Kosovo Country Profile.

HISTORY

Recent History

Although the name 'Yugoslavia' had been in use since the nineteenth century, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) only came into being on 27 April 1992, after the dissolution of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The country profiles of the former Yugoslav republics, now sovereign states, of Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia and Macedonia can be found under separate entries.

Throughout its first eight years, Yugoslavia was dragged into a series of conflicts by Slobodan Milosevic, first as President of Serbia then as FRY President. Conflicts in Slovenia and Croatia during the dissolution of the 'old' Yugoslavia were followed by a three-year long conflict in Bosnia – Herzegovina, in which over 200,000 people died. The Dayton – Paris accords of 1995 ended the conflict in Bosnia.

Milosevic continued in power, whilst the opposition in Serbia – by far the larger Republic – remained divided. However, unrest continued within the Serbian province of Kosovo. Milosevic turned again to the policy of ethnic cleansing, this time against the Kosovo Albanian population. NATO intervened between March and June 1999 with a 78 day bombing campaign across Serbia and Montenegro to protect the basic human rights of the population of Kosovo.

Since June 1999, UNMIK has exercised administrative control of Kosovo, whilst the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) has maintained security within the province.

5 October 2000, people of Yugoslavia storm government buildings and end Milosevic's 10 year regime
5 October 2000, people of Yugoslavia storm government buildings and end Milosevic's 10 year regime
Milosevic's regime came to an abrupt end on 5 October 2000. He refused to accept the first round victory of Vojislav Kostunica, the candidate of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) in the Yugoslav Presidential elections. However, Milosevic had underestimated support for the opposition. Hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets, storming government buildings, and forcing Milosevic from power. The uprising of October 2000 was consolidated in December 2000, when DOS swept to power in Serbia, following the Assembly elections.

The Federal, Serbian and Montenegrin governments signed an agreement on 14 March 2002. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia would become the state union of Serbia and Montenegro through the adoption of a new Constitutional Charter. On 4 February 2003, after many months of negotiations between the republics of Serbia and Montenegro, and with the mediation of EU High Representative Javier Solana, the Constitutional Charter was adopted.

The state union of Serbia and Montenegro

The Constitutional Charter of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro was adopted on 4 February 2003 by the FRY Parliament following the approval of both the Serbian and Montenegrin republican assemblies.

The Serbia and Montenegro parliament has one chamber of 126 members, of which 91 will be Serbian and 35 Montenegrin. 

Foreign Office Minister Dr Denis MacShane congratulated Serbia and Montenegro on the adoption of the Charter.  The UK believes that this reformed and renewed relationship between Serbia and Montenegro is in the interests of both republics. The state union will promote stability within the region and further progress towards European integration.

As stated in the charter, the rights and responsibilities of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia will be transferred to the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.

The republics of Serbia and Montenegro as a state union will share a common foreign and defence policy and operate under a common market.

Whilst the Charter enjoys strong support from the European Union, local opinion remains divided.  The Charter however contains a provision that, three years after adoption, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro will have the right to reconsider the status of the state union, and to withdraw, following a referendum.

On 7 March 2003, Svetozar Marovic, former speaker of the Montenegrin Parliament , was appointed President of Serbia and Montenegro.

On 18 March 2003 Serbia and Montenegro appointed a Council of Ministers.  Boris Tadic was appointed Defence Minister; Goran Svilanovic (former FRY Foreign Minister), SaM Foreign Minister; Branko Lukovac, Minister for Foreign Economic Relations; Amir Nurkovic as Minister for Domestic Economic Relations; and Rasim Ljajic as Human and Minorities Rights Minister.

This is an external link The Constitutional Charter
This is an external link BBC News Country Timeline: Serbia and Montenegro


ECONOMICS

Basic Economic Facts
GDP: $10.8bn
GDP: real growth rate 5% (2001 est.)
GDP per capita: US $2,250 (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line: 30%
Unemployment rate: 30% (2001)
Inflation: 40% for 2001, 20% forecast for 2002
Inflation Serbia: 14.8% (2002) 9% (2003 forecast)
Inflation Montenegro: 9.4% (2002)
Exchange Rates: Official Rate $1=61 Dinar, 1$=1.01Euro
Major industries: Machine building, metallurgy, mining, consumer goods, electronics, petroleum products and chemicals.
Major trading partners: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Macedonia, Germany, Russia

Further information about Serbia and Montenegro's economy can be found at Trade Partners UK Country Profile: Serbia and Montenegro

The FRY government inherited an economy shattered by war and nearly a decade of economic sanctions. There has been much progress but economic activity remains weak. Industrial output is stagnating and foreign trade is recovering slowly although trade levels remain below pre-sanctions levels.

The Serbian government has taken a series of bold economic decisions: stabilising the dinar, liberalizing price controls, streamlining the tax system; reforming the banking sector (closing 23 banks for having links to organised crime); and enacting laws on privatisation, inward foreign investment, customs reform and the pension system.  Average monthly wages in Serbia rose to more than $120 in December 2001. The Government forecasted that average real wages would rise by 4% in 2002.

Inflation reached 113% in 2000 due to lifting of price controls but has since been reduced to 40% in 2001. An inflation rate of less than 20% is predicted for 2002. The Montenegrin government has achieved similar success with their economy, achieving single digit inflation for the first time since 1976 at 9%.

International Aid

In 2001, the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia became eligible for interest-free loans from the World Bank under its IDA (International Development Association) lending programme.  A Credit of US$540 million was authorised that would go towards political, economic and social reforms.  Projects so far in 2003 include: US$80m - private and financial sector in Serbia, $11m - privatisation and restructuring of Serbian banks and enterprises, $80m - Serbian social sector reforms, $20m - Health Investment in Serbia, $15m – structural reforms in Montenegro, $5m- Electricity supply in Montenegro and $6.7m -Trade and Transport.

For more information consult the website of the World Bank Country Office in Serbia and Montenegro.

In 2003, The European Union granted 242 million Euros in aid to Serbia and Montenegro, of which 229 million Euros will go to Serbia and 13m to Montenegro. The aid is aimed at assisting Serbia and Montenegro’s integration into Europe and will go towards reforms in the economy (141.5m), energy (69m), local economies (35m), private enterprise (13.5m), the judiciary (18m) and social projects (24m).

POLITICS

Recent Political Developments

Serbian Internal Politics


Foreign Secretary Jack Straw with Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic on his visit to Belgrade, November 2002
Foreign Secretary Jack Straw with Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic on his visit to Belgrade, November 2002
A landslide victory in the Serbian Assembly elections in December 2000 saw Zoran Djindjic appointed as Serbian Prime Minister.

Since 2001, the Serbian government has made great progress. They are, inter alia, reforming Serbia’s administrative and legal institutions; devolving more power to the regions; bringing stability to Southern Serbia (the Presevo Valley); and fostering better relations with its neighbours and with the international community.

Also the government’s team of mainly young technocrat economists has succeeded in reforming the banking system and tackling the inflation and currency instability that were a feature of life under Milosevic.

In 2002, growing divisions within the DOS coalition, largely between the factions of FRY President Kostunica and Serbian Prime Minister Djindjic threatened to slow progress. The coalition has now effectively split into separate caucuses: conservative nationalists, progressive reformists and old style centre left parties.

On 29 September and 13 October 2002, elections for a new Serbian President took place. Although FRY President Vojislav Kostunica won the elections, the result was declared invalid as the turnout fell short of 50% of the electorate (as required by the law). This was largely a result of a boycott from far right nationalists led by Vojislav Seselj (leader of the Serbian Radical Party).

The election was repeated again on 8 December 2002. This time Kostunica won around 58% of the overall 45% voter turnout. However, the result was again declared invalid as the 50% threshold was not reached.

The term of Milan Milutinovic as President of Serbia ended on 29 December 2002. Until a new President is elected, Serbian Parliamentary Speaker, Natasa Micic, will be acting President. On 6 February 2003, Acting President Micic announced that further Serbian Presidential Elections were unlikely to take place until Autumn 2003.

The Serbian government faces a number of domestic problems this year, largely inherited from the Milosevic era. For example, they recently made renewed efforts to tackle organised criminality, arresting several top drug traffickers in Belgrade.

Assassination of Serbian Prime Minister Dr Zoran Djindjic

On 12 March 2003 the Serbian Prime Minister Dr Zoran Djindjic was assassinated outside a government building in Belgrade.

The Prime Minister Tony Blair condemned the attack on Dr Djindjic and on the people of Serbia.  He said ‘I am deeply shocked and saddened by the news…  Zoran Djindjic was a leading supporter of democracy and reform in Serbia.  He worked hard during the previous decade to ensure that Serbia was liberated from Milosevic and those who opposed democracy and the rule of law.’

Three days of mourning and a State of Emergency were declared by acting Serbian President Natasa Micic.  The Serbian government in a State of Emergency has increased powers to ban political gatherings and demonstrations and the army takes over some responsibilities from the police.

Zoran Djindjic was buried on 15 March 2003.  Robin Cook as Her Majesty’s Government representative, attended the funeral.

Zoran Zivkovic was appointed as the new Serbian Prime Minister on 18 March 2003.

Organised Crime

The Serbian government has blamed organised crime networks, in particular a group known as the ’Zemun clan’ for Djindjic’s assassination.  On 27 March, two Zemun clan members thought to be directly involved in the assassination of Djindjic were killed in a shoot out.  The leader of the Zemun Clan, Milorad Lukovic known as ‘Legija’, who is wanted in connection with Djindjic’s death and other crimes, is still at large. 

The Serbian Government says that during ‘Operation Sword’, the investigation into Zoran Djindjic’s assassination and other organised crimes,15 murders, 8 kidnapping and 200 drug related crimes have been solved.  The remains of former Serbian President Ivan Stambolic, who went missing in August 2000, were found and charges have been brought against, amongst others, Slobodan Milosevic, Milosevic’s wife Mirjana Markovic and Milorad Lukovic ,’Legija’, in connection with his murder.

The State of Emergency was lifted on 22 April 2003 after 42 days, during which 11,665 people were detained for crimes committed before and after the fall of Slobodan Milosevic in October 2000.  Charges have been filed against 3,946, whilst 2,697 remain in custody.

In the aftermath of Djindjic’s assassination, the Serbian government has made progress in eradicating the influence of organised crime in Serbia and in Serbian Institutions towards judicial, political and military reform.  On 25 March, the government ordered the disbanding of the JSO (Special Operations Unit) of the Serbian Interior Ministry, the so-called ‘Red Berets’, for its links to organised crime and Slobodan Milosevic’s regime.

Montenegro

From 1997, President Djukanovic of Montenegro pursued a policy of increasing separation from Serbia, in opposition to Milosevic’s policies. Djukanovic’s policy of separation culminated in October 2000 with his refusal to recognise the new Federal Government, which was installed after the fall of Milosevic.

Montenegrin Internal Politics

On a recent visit to the UK, Serbia and Montenegro Deputy Foreign Minister, Igor Luksic met Minister for Europe, Dr Denis MacShane
On a recent visit to the UK, Serbia and Montenegro Deputy Foreign Minister, Igor Luksic met Minister for Europe, Dr Denis MacShane
Despite the adoption of the Constitutional Charter, politics in Montenegro remain dominated by the status issue. Following the signing of the ‘Serbia – Montenegro Agreement’ on 14 March 2002, the LS withdrew its support for the minority SDP-DPS government. In conjunction with the ‘Together for Yugoslavia’ Coalition (consisting of SNP, NS and SNS), the ‘new majority’ in the Montenegrin Assembly voted no confidence in the government of Filip Vujanovic. Despite attempts to form a new government, President Djukanovic was unable to do so.

New Assembly elections were held on 20 October 2002. The SDP—DPS coalition won an outright majority in the Montenegrin Assembly, which paved the way for the adoption of the revised Constitutional Charter.  Milo Djukanovic then resigned his position as Montenegrin President and was appointed Prime Minister. 

Elections for a new Montenegrin President took place on 22 December 2002 and again on 9 February 2003.  Although Parliamentary Speaker and Acting President Filip Vujanovic won around 80% of the vote in both attempts, the elections were declared invalid as the turnout of 46% and 47.1% respectively, did not reach the legally required 50% minimum.

The Montenegrin Government subsequently revised the Law on Election of the President, removing the requirement for a turnout of 50% of the electorate.  The candidate who wins more than half the votes cast is now elected President. 

On 11 May 2003, Montenegro successfully elected Filip Vujanovic (DPS) President.  He won 139,574 (64.25%) of the valid votes cast by the 222,000 (48.5% of those eligible to vote) voter turnout.  His opponents, Miodrag Zivkovic of the Liberal Alliance (LS) and an independent candidate Dragan Hajdukovic, won 31.4% (68,169 votes) and 4.4% (9,501 votes) respectively.  4,508 votes were declared invalid. 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Relations with International Community

Following the events of October 2000, the FRY authorities made great efforts in rebuilding the bridges with the international community that were destroyed under Milosevic.  Serbia and Montenegro’s future lies with the re-integration into Euro-Atlantic structures, and close relations with her neighbours and the international community in general.

Soon after the removal of Milosevic, FRY rejoined the United Nations. She also joined various other international organisations, including the IMF and OSCE.  On 3 April 2003 Serbia and Montenegro joined the Council of Europe.  The UK government looks forward to Serbia and Montenegro membership in European and International organisations, including NATO’s Partnership for Peace Programme, once she meets the necessary requirements and conditions.

Council of Europe

The Council of Europe was set up in 1949 and works to promote democracy and human rights throughout its member states.  On 3 April 2003, having satisfied the membership condition of adopting the Constitutional Charter, SaM became its 45th member. 

The UK welcomes the accession of Serbia and Montenegro to the Council of Europe and SaM’s commitment to satisfying the post accession requirements, which include full co-operation with ICTY.


HUMAN RIGHTS

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was once one of the worst violators of human rights in the world.  Since Slobodan Milosevic was removed from power in 2000, the FRY and now SaM governments are taking steps to improve their human rights record.  The Charter for Human and Minority Rights was adopted on 26 February 2003.

Progress in minority rights is being made through the establishment of National Councils for ethnic minorities, and anti-discrimination and awareness campaigns.  In 2002, the FCO helped fund a ‘Tolerance’ campaign by the Federal Ministry of National Ethnic Communities to raise public awareness of minority groups, combat prejudice and promote minority rights through newspaper articles, billboards, and radio and television programmes. 

The SaM government is also taking action against organised crime and war criminals to bring to justice those who perpetrated war crimes of mass genocide and ethnic cleansing during the conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo in the 1990s.

ICTY

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was established in 1993 by the United Nations and is situated in The Hague in The Netherlands. It was set up through UN Security Council Resolution 827 in order to try grave violations of the laws of war. All members of the United Nations are legally obliged to co-operate with the ICTY.

The objectives of the Tribunal are: to bring to justice those allegedly responsible for violations of international humanitarian law; to render justice to the victims of these crimes; to deter further crimes; and to contribute to the restoration of peace by promoting reconciliation in the former Yugoslavia.

The Trial of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic

Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is defending himself at the International Criminal Court in The Hague
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is defending himself at the International Criminal Court in The Hague
The Serbian Authorities arrested former President Slobodan Milosevic on 1 April 2001, on 29 June 2001 he was transferred to The Hague. The ICTY issued three indictments against Milosevic for alleged war crimes committed in Bosnia, Croatia and Kosovo. He is accused of crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Convention, violations of the customs of war and genocide.

His arrest and detainment is the ICTY’s biggest achievement to date, he is the first head of state to face an international court since the Nuremberg Trials for the atrocities during WW2. 

His trial started on 12 February 2002 with the prosecution presenting its case against Milosevic for alleged crimes committed in Kosovo.  On 26 September the case was opened for crimes committed in Bosnia and Croatia.

The trial has been delayed a number of times due to Milosevic’s ill health.  Because of this the Tribunal has repeatedly urged Milosevic to take a defence lawyer (he is representing himself) and has allowed Milosevic an additional day off every two weeks.  The trial is expected to last four years until 2006.

Daily transcripts and weekly updates of the Milosevic trial can be found on the ICTY website.


Other ICTY Indictees

On 18 April 2002 the FRY government published a list of 23 suspects indicted by ICTY and encouraged these suspects to surrender. In return, the Yugoslav and Serbian governments would supply guarantees for pre trial release to the Tribunal for those who surrendered.

Shortly afterwards six indictees voluntarily went to the ICTY. But by the admission of senior politicians, at least twelve indictees are still on Serbia and Montenegro territory.

Seven indictees have been transferred to The Hague in 2003. On 20 January, surrendering himself to ICTY, former President of Serbia Milan Milutinovic became the second highest-ranking politician after Milosevic to stand trial in The Hague.  Like Milosevic, he pleads not guilty to charges of crimes against humanity. 

On 14 February 2003, Vojislav Seselj (leader of the Serbian Radical Party) was indicted by the ICTY for war crimes in Bosnia, Croatia and Vojvodina (Serbia).  On 24 February 2003, he travelled voluntarily to The Hague and has been detained by the ICTY.

On 13 March 2003, former commander of the Special Operations Unit ‘Red Berets’, Franko Simatovic ‘Frenki’ was arrested by the Serbian authorities. The ICTY served an indictment for crimes against humanity to Simatovic on 1 May and he was transferred to The Hague on 30 May.  A further indictee, Jovica Stanisic, also arrested on 13 March and indicted by the ICTY on 30 May, was transferred on 11 June.

ICTY indictee Zeljko Meakic, who was in command at the ‘Omarska’ prison camp, was transferred to The Hague on 4 July having given himself up to the Serbian Authorities on 30 June.

The Vukovar Three

In 1995 the ICTY indicted Mile Mrksic, Miroslav Radic and Veselin Sljivancanin with charges of crimes against humanity for the alleged mass killing of 260 non-Serbian men removed from Vukovar Hospital, Croatia in 1991. 

Mile Mrksic surrendered to ICTY in May 2002.  Nearly a year later, former Captain Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), Miroslav Radic surrendered to the Serbian Authorities and was transferred to The Hague on 17 May 2003.  JNA Colonel Veselin Sljivancanin was arrested in Belgrade on 13 June 2003 following a 10 hour operation by the Serbian authorities.  He was transferred to the ICTY on 1 July.

The Law on Co-Operation with the ICTY

On 10 April 2002, the FRY passed a Law on Co-operation with the ICTY. Although not perfect, this law provided a framework for FRY, and therefore Serbia and Montenegro co-operation with ICTY, which included the transfer to ICTY in The Hague of people indicted for war crimes, and the granting to ICTY of full access to archives and witnesses in Serbia and Montenegro.

The Law was amended on 14 April 2003 by the SaM government so that all indictees, regardless of the date their indictment, would be extradited to The Hague. Previously, only those indicted before the law was passed would be sent to ICTY. The law was also amended so that witnesses testifying in The Hague are no longer obliged to keep official state and military secrets.

The law was passed by 59 (out of 91) Serbian and 18 (out of 35) Montenegrin MPs in the SaM Parliament.

The UK continues to press for speedy the arrest and transfer of those indictees and for full ICTY access to archives and witnesses.

This is an external link International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)


Domestic War Crimes Trials

On 2 July 2003, the Serbia government passed legislation that will facilitate trials of war criminals in Serbia for crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia, regardless of the citizenship of the perpetrator or victim.  The law provides for an investigation unit, a special detention centre and a witness protection programme. 

On 22 July, the Serbian Parliament appointed Vladimir Vukcevic war crimes prosecutor.

RELATIONS WITH NEIGHBOURS

Serbia and Montenegro's relations with her neighbours are complicated by the legacy of the past ten years. Nevertheless, the FRY government made good progress in a number of important areas. The FRY government normalised relations with all of her neighbours. As part of this process, on 15 July 2002, FRY President Kostunica attended a meeting in Sarajevo with Croatian President Stjepan Mesic and the Bosnian Presidency, where all three states confirmed their commitment to the integrity of Bosnia Herzegovina. The FRY and Albania also exchanged ambassadors in September.

SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO RELATIONS WITH THE UK

Diplomatic Representation

UK representation in Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia and Montenegro's representation in the UK

UK Development Assistance

The FCO will continue to encourage the democratic process in Serbia and Montenegro as it had done in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, by providing funding support for projects focussing on democratic development, parliamentary strengthening, local government and municipalities, civil society, legal and police reform and the independent media.

Since October 2000, the FCO has funded various projects to support the Serbian independent media and press, OSCE legal assistance training, human rights training for Serbian judges and prosecutors, English language training for Serbian government officials and a forum organised by the British Association for Central and Eastern Europe. Further assistance is planned in 2003 for both Serbia and Montenegro under the government's Global Conflict Prevention Fund: supporting local elections, encouraging unbiased media coverage of political developments and promoting truth and reconciliation between ethnic communities.

The FCO has also contributed a total of £500,000 to the work of the International Commission for Missing Persons on DNA laboratory analysis and exhumations.

The Department for International Development (DfID) has identified six key areas (macro-economic advice, aid co-ordination, civil service restructuring, privatisation strategy, telecommunications and banking reform) for UK assistance programmes. DFID's £7.4 million bilateral programme for Serbia and Montenegro (including Kosovo) in 2003-04 will focus on economic and social reform.

For further details refer to the Department for International Development website:

This is an external link Department for International Development (DFID)


Trade and Investment with the UK

The UK was the 17th largest supplier of goods to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 2001 with a 1.6% share of the market. It was the 11th largest recipient of Yugoslav exports with a 2.6% share of the Yugoslav export market. For more detailed information about UK/Serbia and Montenegro commercial relations consult the country brief on the Trade Partners UK website:Trade Partners UK Country Profile: Serbia and Montenegro

Cultural Relations

On his visit to Belgrade in November 2002, the Foreign Secretary signed a Cultural Agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on Co-operation in the Fields of Education, Science, Culture and Sport. The purpose of the agreement is to strengthen cultural relations and promote exchanges in the fields mentioned above, through the British Council.

On 3 June 2003, Serbia and Montenegro played England in a friendly football match at the Walkers Stadium in Leicester. The SaM football team is in the same Euro 2004 qualifying group as Wales and will play in Belgrade on 20 August. The Welsh will host the SaM football team at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff on 11 October.

The British Council

The British Council has been operating in Yugoslavia since 1940 and has offices in Belgrade and Podgorica. It runs public libraries and information centres and offers access to exams, distance learning and other UK education services. It has a varied programme of cultural events, aimed primarily at young people.

Development of English language learning is an important priority and there are plans to increase involvement in this sector. The new refurbished offices of the British Council, including a knowledge learning centre were re-opened in March 2002. These new facilities will play an important role in the work of the British Council in Serbia and Montenegro.

For further details please refer to the British Council website.

This is an external link British Council: Serbia and Montenegro


Recent Visits

Inward

  • 2-4 June 2003 – Serbia and Montenegro Deputy Foreign Minister, Igor Luksic visited the UK and met Minister for Europe, Dr Denis MacShane and Minister of State for the Armed Forces, Adam Ingram. He attended the England vs Serbia and Montenegro friendly football match at the Walkers Stadium, Leicester with Bob Ainsworth, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State and Minister for Organised Crime at the Home Office.
  • Foreign Secretary Jack Straw with SaM Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic
    Foreign Secretary Jack Straw with SaM Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic
    30 - 31 October 2002 – FRY Foreign Minister, Goran Svilanovic visited London and met the Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, FCO Minister of State, Dr Denis MacShane, Home Secretary, David Blunkett and Defence Secretary, Geoff Hoon.
  • 23 - 24 May 2002 - Serbian Deputy Prime Minister, Dr Nebojsa Covic met Dr Denis MacShane and the Defence Secretary, Geoff Hoon.
  • 23 May 2002 – Montenegrin Interior Minister Andrija Jovicevic met Dr Denis MacShane.
  • 22 May 2002 - FRY Deputy Prime Minister Miroljub Labus met the Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw.
  • 22 – 23 April 2002 - Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic met the Prime Minister, the Home Secretary, the Secretary of State for Tradeand Industry, Dr MacShane and DFID Minister, Hilary Benn. He was accompanied by Serbian Minister for Foreign Economic Relations, Goran Pitic and Serbian Minister for Trade and Tourism, Slobodan Milosavljevic.
  • 28 – 29 November 2001 - FRY President Vojislav Kostunica visited as a guest of government and met HM The Queen, The Prime Minister and Secretary of State for Defence, Geoff Hoon. He was accompanied by FRY Foreign Minister, Dr Goran Svilanovic who held talks with the Foreign and FCO Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Dr Denis MacShane. He was also accompanied by Federal Minister for External Trade, Mr Miroljub Labus.
  • September 2001 - Federal Minister for Defence Slobodan Krapovic met the Defence Secretary.
  • 11 September 2001 - Serbian Deputy Prime Minister and Co-ordinator on Kosovo, Dr Nebojsa Covic, met the Foreign and Defence Secretaries.
Outward

  • 6-7 April 2003, Minister for Europe Dr Denis MacShane visited Belgrade and met SaM Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic, SaM Defence Minister Boris Tadic, acting Serbian President Natasa Micic, Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Zivkovic, Serbian Deputy Prime Ministers Nebojsa Covic and Zarko Korac, Serbian Finance Minister Bozidar Djelic, Serbian Privatisation Minister Aleksandar Vlahovic and Serbian Interior Minister Dusan Mihajlovic.
  • 15 March 2003, the then Speaker of the House of Commons, Robin Cook, represented the Government at the funeral of Zoran Djindjic.
  • 5 - 6 November 2002, the Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, visited Belgrade and met FRY President Vojislav Kostunica, FRY Foreign Minister, Goran Svilanovic and Serbian Prime Minister, Zoran Djindjic. He also met Serbian Deputy Prime Minister, Nebojsa Covic, Serbian Finance Minister, Bozidar Djelic, Serbian Privatization Minister, Alekzandar Vlahovic and Serbian Minister of Energy, Kori Udovicki.
  • 1 - 3 July 2002, Dr Denis MacShane visited Belgrade and met FRY President Vojislav Kostunica, FRY Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic, Speaker of the FRY Assembly Micunovic, FRY Defence Minister, Velimir Radojevic, Montenegro Prime Minister designate, Filip Vujanovic, Serbia Deputy Prime Minister, Nebojsa Covic and Vojvodina Assembly Speaker, Nenad Canak.
  • 6 – 7 February 2002, Dr Denis MacShane visited Belgrade and met FRY Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic, Federal Prime Minister Dragisa Pesic and Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Nebojsa Covic.
  • 18 – 19 July 2001, Dr Denis MacShane, visited Belgrade and meetings with FRY President Kostunica's policy advisers.
  • 4 April 2001, Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, visited Belgrade and Podgorica for meetings with FRY President Kostunica and Montenegrin President Djukanovic.
  • November 2000, Richard Caborn, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Minister visited the FRY (the DTI Yugoslavia Taskforce is funding consultancy and infrastructure projects worth over £1m).
TRAVEL

Travel advice: Serbia and Montenegro

Last updated on 28 July 2003

USEFUL LINKS


This is an external link European Agency for Reconstruction
This is an external link EU / Serbia and Montenegro Relations
This is an external link Serbia and Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs
This is an external link Serbian Government
This is an external link Montenegrin Government
This is an external link International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
This is an external link Institute for War and Peace Reporting
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