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Primary secondary and tertiary prevention

The framework of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention is also useful for bringing pharmacy and public health together.

Primary prevention includes health promotion and requires action on the determinants of health to prevent disease occurring. It has been described as refocusing upstream to stop people falling in to the waters of disease.

Secondary prevention is essentially the early detection of disease, followed by appropriate intervention, such as health promotion or treatment.

Tertiary prevention aims to reduce the impact of the disease and promote quality of life through active rehabilitation.

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