Reducing demand for energy from industry, businesses and the public sector

Supporting detail:

CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme

Enhancing the CRC annual report publication: options for discussion

This discussion paper invites comments from CRC participants to consider proposals for enhancing the Annual Report publication:

  • presenting renewables data currently provided to the EA to give a more accurate reflection of the green credentials of participants
  • including gas and electricity supply data
  • including turnover data.

This discussion paper will be discussed with participants at a workshop on 18 June 2014. For those participants who are unable to make this event, this document is available to all CRC participants and we would welcome comments by 2 July 2014 via this survey.

The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme (or CRC Scheme) is designed to improve energy efficiency and cut emissions in large public and private sector organisations. The CRC affects large public and private sector organisations across the UK, together responsible for around 10% of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions. Participants include supermarkets, water companies, banks, local authorities and all central government departments.


The scheme is designed to target emissions not already covered by Climate Change Agreements (CCAs) and the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and features a range of drivers to encourage organisations to develop energy management strategies that promote a better understanding of energy usage.

Organisations that meet the qualification criteria are required to participate, and must buy allowances for every tonne of carbon they emit.

The scheme is expected to reduce non-traded carbon emissions by 17million tonnes by 2027, supporting our objective to achieve an 80% reduction in UK carbon emissions by 2050.

DECC has developed the CRC policy in partnership with the Scottish Government, the Welsh Assembly Government and the Department of Environment Northern Ireland.

How the CRC works


Qualification for the scheme is based on electricity usage. For Phase 2, organisations will qualify if, during the qualification year, they consumed over 6,000 megawatt-hours (MWh) of qualifying electricity through settled half-hourly meters.

Organisations that meet the qualification threshold must register using the CRC Registry, which is administered by the Environment Agency. Qualifying organisations have to comply legally with the scheme or face financial and other penalties.

A summary of steps to determine whether your organisation qualifies for participation in the CRC and more information on Qualification can be found on the Environment Agency: CRC guidance web page.

Compliance requirements

Organisations which participate within the CRC are required to monitor their energy use, and report their energy supplies annually. The Environment Agency’s reporting system applies emissions factors to calculate participants’ carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions on the basis of this information. Participants must purchase and surrender allowances to offset their emissions. Allowances can either be bought at annual fixed-price sales, or traded on the secondary market. One allowance must be surrendered for each tonne of CO2 emitted. The allowance price in Phase 1 has been set at £12 per tonne of CO2.

More information on reporting and allowance sales is available on the Environment Agency: What CRC participants need to do web page.

Management of the CRC Scheme

The Environment Agency administers the CRC Scheme on behalf of DECC the UK as a whole. It runs the UK-wide registry, and is responsible for all matters related to registration, reporting, and allowance sales within the CRC Scheme.

Auditing and enforcement functions are carried out by the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) in Scotland, the Department of the Environment Northern Ireland in Northern Ireland, and Natural Resources Wales (NRW) in Wales.

Simplification of the CRC Scheme

Following a public consultation we published proposals to simplify the CRC Scheme in December 2012. These proposals were offered to participants:

  • a 55% reduction in administrative costs, which equates to £275m up to 2030 8 reduced complexity, greater business certainty, and less overlap with other schemes

The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme Order 2013 came into force on 20 May 2013, following approval by Parliament and the devolved legislatures.

The majority of the proposals were introduced at the start of the second phase, in 2014 with a few still to come into force by April of 2014.

Data publication

For the 2012/13 compliance year, the Environment Agency publishes the CRC annual report publication containing participants’ aggregated emissions data.

This replaces the Performance League Table which was published for the 2010/11 and 2011/12 compliance years and ranked participants according to their energy efficiency performance against a range of metrics.

Finalising CRC simplification: amendments to the treatment of renewable energy and the metallurgical and mineralogical sectors

In November 2013 we consulted on our proposal to deliver the commitment given in the government response on simplifying the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme to consider how the CRC can incentivise the uptake of onsite renewable self-supplied electricity. In addition, to introduce an exemption to energy supplied to metallurgical and mineralogical processes, which arise from changes to the Climate Change Levy, announced by the Chancellor in the 2013 Budget. The Government response to this consultation was published on 25 February and the changes will come into effect from 1 April subject to Parliament.

Case studies

Read our case studies to find out how participants in the CRC Scheme are managing their energy use to improve energy efficiency.

Guidance documents

Official guidance on all aspects of complying with the CRC Scheme is available on the Environment Agency: CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme web pages.

Appeals guidance

Appeals guidance is available:

Guidance on the CRC repayment mechanism for surplus allowances

DECC has issued guidance on the CRC repayment mechanism for surplus allowances.

The guidance outlines the conditions under which requests for repayment in respect of surplus allowances will be considered, and the process by which participants should make a request. A repayment request form is included to facilitate the submission of repayment requests. DECC will only make payment where a refund request has been able to be verified.

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