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Current Issue: Volume 16 Number 51

Published on: 21 December 2006

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Zoonoses

Last updated: 2 November 2006, Volume 16, No. 44 (PDF file, 213 Kb) Next update: 2 November 2006

Zoonoses Archives: | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001

CDR Home | Infection Reports | Zoonoses


 


Common animal associated infections, England and Wales: laboratory reports, weeks 27-39/06

 

Organism
Total reports for
weeks 27 - 39
Cumulative
totals for weeks
01 - 39
2006*
2005
2006*
2005
Borrelia burgdorferi *,‡
80
349
509
491
Leptospira hardjo †, §
1
1
2
Leptospira
icterohaemorrhagiae
†, §
3
5
5
7
Leptospira other†, §
6
5
11
9
Pasteurella haemolytica
2
5
5
Pasteurella multocida
81
96
248
256
Pasteurella pneumotropica
5
2
9
10
Pasteurella other/spp
16
30
53
64
Toxocara canis
4
Toxocara other/spp
1
1
Toxoplasma gondii
6
12
20
20
Toxoplasma other/spp
15
22
49
49
Coxiella burnetii
10
6
17
14
Chlamydia (Chlamydophila)
psittaci
9
17
24
38
Capnocytophaga spp
5
4
7
9
Mycobacterium marinum
4
2
20
20
Orf virus
1
1
1
Echinococcus granulosus
3
6
10
9

 

* provisional data, by specimen date, ‡ Lyme Diagnostic Unit and the HPA's Centre for Infections,
§ Leptospira Reference Unit and the HPA's Centre for Infections.

 

Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme borreliosis): (373)
Eight females, 22 males aged under 15 years; 18 females, 15 males aged from 15 to 29 years; 70 females, 80 males aged 30 to 59 years; 120 females, 35 males aged 60 years and over.

 

Leptospirosis: (10)
L. icterohaemorrhagiae: M 25y; two M 27y
L. hardjo : M 27y
L. australis : F 63y who swam in waters overseas (country not stated)
Leptospira spp: M 19 y; M 22y; M23y who travelled to Viet Nam; M 33y who travelled to France; M 50y.

 

Pasteurella : (102)
Pasteurella haemolytica : (–)
Pasteurella multocida : (81)
Pasteurella pneumotropica : (5)
Pasteurella aerogenes : (1)
Pasteurella spp : (15)
One male, one female aged under 10 years; five males and four females aged15 to 24 years; nine males and 11 females aged 25 to 49 years; 14 males and 20 females aged 50 to 64 years; eight males, 27 females, two age and sex not stated aged, 65 years and over.

 

Toxoplasmosis: (21)

Toxoplasma gondii : (6)

Toxoplasma spp: (15)
Two males and 3 females aged from 15 to 24 years; 25-49yr: one male and nine females aged from 25 to 49 years; two males and two females aged from 50 to 64 years; two males aged 65 years and over.

The Health Protection Agency, in collaboration with the National Public Health Service for Wales (NPHSW), is reviewing the number of cases of toxoplasmosis diagnosed by the Toxoplasma Reference Unit (TRU) in Swansea . This follows the recent publication addressing the epidemiology of congenital toxoplasmosis [1].

A total of 667 cases were diagnosed by TRU over a recent 12 month period (July 2005 to June 2006), compared with an average of 117 cases reported annually to the HPA by NHS laboratories [2]. This would suggest that the decrease in the incidence of toxoplasmosis in the UK during the mid-1990s may have been due to changes in reporting arrangements. Comparison of numbers of reference unit reports between the early 1990s and the present provides no evidence to support a significant reduction over this period.

More detailed analysis of the data provided by TRU reveals that 185 of the 667 cases identified were in patients either classed as known HIV positive, or considered to be at high risk for HIV infection (based upon indication by the referring laboratory). Further analysis will follow in subsequent reports in CDR Weekly.

 

Coxiella burnetii :  (10)
North East England M 49y; South East England  M 62y; South West England M 34y, M 35y, M 45y, F36y (overseas travel) ; West Midlands M 57y; Wales  M 32y, F 29y, F 41y.

 

Chlamydia (Chlamydophila) psittaci: (9)
M 39y; M 52 y; M 56y; M 66y; M age not stated. F 34y ; F 34y with atypical pneumonia ; F 46y; F 52y. No bird or animal contact specified.

 

Capnocytophaga spp: (5)
M 57y; M 69y; M 79y after dog bite; F 8y; F 85y.

 

Mycobacterium marinum: (4)
Two M 32y; M 61y; M 62y.

 

Orf: none reported

 

Echinococcus granulosus : (3)
M 32y with hydatid cyst in liver; F 54y liver cyst, sheep farmer's wife; F 79y.

 

References

1. Gilbert R, Tan HK, Cliffe S, Guy E, Stanford M. Symptomatic toxoplasma infection due to congenital and postnatally acquired infection. Arch Dis Child 2006;91:495-8

 

2. Zoonoses Report: United Kingdom 2005. London: Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, 2006 . Available from <http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/diseases/zoonoses/zoonoses_reports/zoonoses2005.pdf>.