Tax when leaving the UK
If you go to live or work abroad and become non-resident in the UK, you might still have to pay UK tax – but only on your income from the UK. If you do need to pay, you may need to complete a Self Assessment tax return.
- When are you non-resident for UK tax?
- Income from overseas employment
- Tax on UK pensions
- Tax on UK bank and building society interest
- Tax on UK investment income
- Tax on UK rental income
- Tax on overseas income
- Tax-free personal allowances for non-residents
- UK capital gains tax
- Double taxation relief
- Further information
You’ll be treated as non-resident from the day after you leave the UK if you can show:
- you left the UK to go abroad permanently or your absence and full-time work abroad lasts at least the whole tax year
- your visits to the UK are less than 183 days in a tax year and average less than 91 days a tax year over a maximum of four consecutive years.
The same applies to your spouse, civil partner or partner.
Contacting us when you leave the UK
If you’re leaving the UK you must tell us. Ask your tax office for Form P85 to get any tax refund you’re owed and work out if you’ll become non-resident (you can also download this form below). If you still need to complete a tax return after you leave we’ll let you know.
If you become non-resident, you won’t pay UK tax on your income from working overseas.
Working partly in UK
If you’re non-resident but work partly in the UK, you’ll pay UK tax on the part of your earnings allocated to that work. You usually allocate your earnings by looking at the number of days you work in the UK and the number of days you work abroad.
Special rules for certain employees
There are special rules for:
- Crown employees.
- Oil and gas workers.
- Entertainers and sports people
Check with your tax office if you’re one of these.
If you’re non-resident, you’ll pay UK tax on your UK pensions (including your State Pension). You may not pay UK tax if the country you live in has a double taxation agreement with the UK.
- Pensions and double taxation agreements – learn more
- UK double taxation treaties – countries with agreements
Tax on UK government service and local authority pensions
Wherever you live, you’ll usually pay UK tax on a government service or local authority pension. But if you live in Australia, Canada, New Zealand or Cyprus you’ll pay tax on it there.
If you’re non-resident, the only UK tax you’ll usually pay is the tax deducted before you get the interest.
If you’re also ‘not ordinarily resident’ (you normally live outside the UK), you can get your interest without tax deducted by giving Form R105 to your bank or building society.
In either case, if tax has been deducted from interest, you might be able to claim a refund against UK tax allowances using Form R43.
- Tax allowances for non-UK residents
- Download form R105 to claim tax-free savings interest
- Download form R43 to claim a refund of tax
If you’re non-resident, UK tax is still due on your other UK investment income. However, if the country you live in has a double taxation agreement with the UK you may be able to get relief or exemption. (But you can never reclaim or reduce the 10 per cent tax credit on dividends from UK companies.)
UK tax is due on your income from rental property.
If you’re non-resident and you get rent from UK property paid directly to you, your tenant must deduct UK tax at the basic rate (currently 22 per cent). If you use a letting agent, they’ll deduct the tax from the ‘net rent’ (after any allowable expenses they’ve paid).
You can apply to have the rent paid to you without tax deducted if you don’t think you’ll have to pay any UK tax, or if your tax affairs are up to date. But you'll still need to declare the rent on a Self Assessment tax return if we send you one.
If the country you live in has a double taxation agreement with the UK you may be able to get relief there for UK tax paid.
If you’re non-resident and get overseas income, no UK tax is due. But if it’s paid or collected by a UK agent (like a bank) they normally deduct tax at source. You’ll need to complete form PA1 or CA1 - available from your agent – to prevent this.
If you’re normally taxed on income brought into the UK (remittance basis)
In the tax year when you leave the UK you’ll pay UK tax on the smaller of:
- what you brought into the UK before you left
- the same proportion of the whole year’s income (received in the UK) as the proportion of the year you were in the UK.
If you’re a Commonwealth citizen (including British), European Economic Area (EEA) citizen, or a current or former Crown employee, you’ll still get your tax-free personal allowances to reduce the amount of UK income due. Members of certain other special groups also qualify.
You won’t pay CGT on liable gains you make in a tax year when you’re not resident and not ordinarily resident.
CGT may be due on liable gains made to the end of the tax year after you leave, unless you weren’t resident or ordinarily resident for at least four of the seven years immediately before the tax year when you left.
The country you move to may want to tax you on your worldwide income – even if tax is due in the UK. But if it has a double taxation agreement with the UK you won’t normally have to pay the same tax twice.