The year for which prices are used for expressing and weighting data at constant prices.
A series expressing value in terms of the prices of a single year, removing the effects of inflation
Prices not expressed in terms of the base year i.e. in today's terms.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) A measure of the economic activity taking place in UK economic territory. Measured by the ONS, GDP is equivalent to the value added to the economy by this activity.
Measure of domestically generated inflation
This is a time series which shows how figures compare by using ratios. One year is chosen as the reference year and scaled to 100. All other figures are scaled so that the ratio of the index number to 100 is the same as the ratio of that original value to the value in the reference year.
The movement of prices over time. (Strictly speaking, inflation is the increase in prices, a decrease in price being termed deflation.)
A set of statistics measuring the performance of the various sectors of the economy.
ONS The Office for National Statistics, responsible for measuring all aspects of the National Accounts
Figures that have been adjusted for changes in the purchasing power of money.
Reference year The year against which price movements are compared, usually expressed as 100 for index series.
Retail Prices Index. The RPI is defined as an average measure of change in the prices of goods and services bought for the purpose of consumption by the vast majority of households in the UK. RPIX is a similar measure but with the effects of mortgage interest payments removed.
Time series A set of figures showing the magnitude of a given variable at regular points in time.
Value Added The balance on the production account. Defined as output less intermediate costs.