The Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform [External website] is the lead department for industry and manufacturing in the UK. The Home Office [External website] is responsible for maintaining public order, with the police forces.
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Large scale public protests and industrial action are one of the many rights and responsibilities inherent in a multiparty democracy. The congregation of significant numbers of persons can be hazardous if not properly managed. The hazard is significantly increased if the protest includes people intent on civil disobedience and causing physical damage.
The Cabinet Office is the lead co-ordinating Department in Government, and for contingency planning assessments it considers two broad types of protests. Firstly, one involving tens of thousands of protestors including a small proportion of protestors intent on causing physical damage, and secondly a nationally co-ordinated targeted protest.